1,041 research outputs found

    The LHC Discovery Potential of a Leptophilic Higgs

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    In this work, we examine a two-Higgs-doublet extension of the Standard Model in which one Higgs doublet is responsible for giving mass to both up- and down-type quarks, while a separate doublet is responsible for giving mass to leptons. We examine both the theoretical and experimental constraints on the model and show that large regions of parameter space are allowed by these constraints in which the effective couplings between the lightest neutral Higgs scalar and the Standard-Model leptons are substantially enhanced. We investigate the collider phenomenology of such a "leptophilic" two-Higgs-doublet model and show that in cases where the low-energy spectrum contains only one light, CP-even scalar, a variety of collider processes essentially irrelevant for the discovery of a Standard Model Higgs boson (specifically those in which the Higgs boson decays directly into a charged-lepton pair) can contribute significantly to the discovery potential of a light-to-intermediate-mass (m_h < 140 GeV) Higgs boson at the LHC.Comment: 25 pages, LaVTeX, 11 figures, 1 tabl

    Reconstruction and identification of hadronic ŌĄ\tau decays in ATLAS

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    The identification of tau-jet from the hadronic tau-decay is crucial for the study of many physics channels like the production of Higgs bosons decaying to taus or SUSY. The tau-jet reconstruction in ATLAS is performed starting from the energy deposed in calorimeters or also combining measure from calorimeter and tracking with energy-flow technique. Quantities built both from the calorimeters and from the inner detector are used to identify tau-jets against other jets. In the talk we will review the performance of tau-jet reconstruction and identification, showing that the excellent tau-efficiency vs the jet-rejection obtained in ATLAS will allow the study of channels where the background from jets is potentially very large

    Results from ATLAS Calorimeter Combined Test Beam

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    Beam tests of combinations of ATLAS calorimeters have been performed both for the barrel and end cap parts. During a combined test beam in summer 2004 a slice of the ATLAS barrel detector - including all detector sub systems from the inner tracker, the calorimetry to the muon system - was exposed to particle beams (electrons, pions, photons, muons) with different energies (1GeV to 350GeV). The aim was to study the combined performance of the different detector sub systems in ATLAS-like conditions. We will present the electronics calibration scheme of the electromagnetic calorimeter and its implementation. The following studies on the combined testbeam data have been performed and will be presented: performance of the electromagnetic calorimetry down to very low energies (> GeV), photon reconstruction including converted photons and position measurements using the very precise ATLAS tracker and the electromagnetic calorimeter. These measurements have been compared to Monte Carlo simulations showing the good description of the data. An end cap segment of the electromagnetic, hadronic and forward liquid argon calorimeters of ATLAS has been exposed to electron, pion and muon beams in the energy range from 10 to 200 GeV. The goal of this beamtest carried out at the CERN SPS is to obtain the calibration for the ATLAS calorimeter in a particular difficult transition region (2.4<3.8) between the various subdetectors, including the dead material effects. Results for electrons and pions will be presented and compared to MC simulation

    2004 ATLAS Combined Testbeam : Computation and Validation of the Electronic Calibration Constants for the Electromagnetic Calorimeter

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    From July to November 2004, a full slice of the ATLAS barrel detector was studied in testbeam. A complete electromagnetic barrel module was used, read by the final electronics and operated by ATLAS TDAQ software. This note describes in details the electronic calibration procedure and the cell energy reconstruction: each step of the procedure and its associated software is explicitly described. The general calibration procedure is very similar to the one applied in previous barrel and endcap standalone testbeams. Emphasis is put on tools developed in the context of the combined testbeam which can be used for commissioning and operation of the calorimeters in ATLAS. Many validation studies were performed on each calibration constant. Previously unobserved effects such as the FEB temperature dependence of some constants were observed. Overall, the calibration performances are at the expected level

    Energy Linearity and Resolution of the ATLAS Electromagnetic Barrel Calorimeter in an Electron Test-Beam

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    A module of the ATLAS electromagnetic barrel liquid argon calorimeter was exposed to the CERN electron test-beam at the H8 beam line upgraded for precision momentum measurement. The available energies of the electron beam ranged from 10 to 245 GeV. The electron beam impinged at one point corresponding to a pseudo-rapidity of eta=0.687 and an azimuthal angle of phi=0.28 in the ATLAS coordinate system. A detailed study of several effects biasing the electron energy measurement allowed an energy reconstruction procedure to be developed that ensures a good linearity and a good resolution. Use is made of detailed Monte Carlo simulations based on Geant which describe the longitudinal and transverse shower profiles as well as the energy distributions. For electron energies between 15 GeV and 180 GeV the deviation of the measured incident electron energy over the beam energy is within 0.1%. The systematic uncertainty of the measurement is about 0.1% at low energies and negligible at high energies. The energy resolution is found to be about 10% sqrt(E) for the sampling term and about 0.2% for the local constant term

    Morphometric analysis of the placenta in the New World mouse Necromys lasiurus (Rodentia, Cricetidae): a comparison of placental development in cricetids and murids

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    Background: Stereology is an established method to extrapolate three-dimensional quantities from two-dimensional images. It was applied to placentation in the mouse, but not yet for other rodents. Herein, we provide the first study on quantitative placental development in a sigmodontine rodent species with relatively similar gestational time. Placental structure was also compared to the mouse, in order to evaluate similarities and differences in developmental patterns at the end of gestation. Methods: Fetal and placental tissues of Necromys lasiurus were collected and weighed at 3 different stages of gestation (early, mid and late gestation) for placental stereology. The total and relative volumes of placenta and of its main layers were investigated. Volume fractions of labyrinth components were quantified by the One Stop method in 31 placentae collected from different individuals, using the Mercator¬ģ software. Data generated at the end of gestation from N. lasiurus placentae were compared to those of Mus musculus domesticus obtained at the same stage. Results: A significant increase in the total absolute volumes of the placenta and its main layers occurred from early to mid-gestation, followed by a reduction near term, with the labyrinth layer becoming the most prominent area. Moreover, at the end of gestation, the total volume of the mouse placenta was significantly increased compared to that of N. lasiurus although the proportions of the labyrinth layer and junctional zones were similar. Analysis of the volume fractions of the components in the labyrinth indicated a significant increase in fetal vessels and sinusoidal giant cells, a decrease in labyrinthine trophoblast whereas the proportion of maternal blood space remained stable in the course of gestation. On the other hand, in the mouse, volume fractions of fetal vessels and sinusoidal giant cells decreased whereas the volume fraction of labyrinthine trophoblast increased compared to N. lasiurus placenta. Conclusions: Placental development differed between N. lasiurus and M. musculus domesticus. In particular, the low placental efficiency in N. lasiurus seemed to induce morphological optimization of fetomaternal exchanges. In conclusion, despite similar structural aspects of placentation in these species, the quantitative dynamics showed important differences.For technical support we thank Marie-Christine Aubri√®re, Mich√®le Dahirel of the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Jouy-en-Josas, as well as members of the Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-√Ārido, Mossor√≥. We thank also Yves Maurin for Nanozoomer facilities. This research was supported by INRA and by grants from FAPESP (Process number: 09/53392-8).INRAFAPESP [09/53392-8

    Measurements of Higgs boson production and couplings in diboson final states with the ATLAS detector at the LHC

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    Measurements are presented of production properties and couplings of the recently discovered Higgs boson using the decays into boson pairs, H ‚Üíő≥ ő≥, H ‚Üí Z Z‚ąó ‚Üí4l and H ‚ÜíW W‚ąó ‚ÜílőĹlőĹ. The results are based on the complete pp collision data sample recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider at centre-of-mass energies of ‚ąös = 7 TeV and ‚ąös = 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 25 fb‚ąí1. Evidence for Higgs boson production through vector-boson fusion is reported. Results of combined Ô¨Āts probing Higgs boson couplings to fermions and bosons, as well as anomalous contributions to loop-induced production and decay modes, are presented. All measurements are consistent with expectations for the Standard Model Higgs boson

    Standalone vertex Ô¨Ānding in the ATLAS muon spectrometer