2,467 research outputs found

    Organisation spatio-temporelle des activites individuelles et sociales dans une troupe de Cercopithecus cephus

    Get PDF
    A monospecific troop of Cercopithecus cephus was followed for five months using the radio-tracking method. Temporal and spatial distribution of the activities is described. Two peaks of locomotion are found in the first half of the morning and the second half of the afternoon. Phytophagy follows the same rhythm, while feeding on prey and resting increase at mid-day. Strong daily variations are shown in forest type usage according to the activity p erformed. The more open and tallest forest is chosen during the night and for fruit gathering, while the densest and lowest one is significantly preferred for resting. Parallel daily variations are found in the forest level usage : resting, insect hunting and social interactions occur at levels lower than locomotion and fruit gathering. The total time spent feeding does not differ between the age classes, however the time spent feeding on insects decreases with age while phytophagy increases. The young are found at significantly lower levels than the adults. The adult male stays higher than the other troop members, especially when resting. Inter-individual distances are lowest between females and young, while the adult male has a more peripheral position. Troop cohesion is higher at the end of the day. Physiological, behavioral and environmental constraints which might influence such activity rythm and differences between age classes are discusse

    Flow-Lenia: Towards open-ended evolution in cellular automata through mass conservation and parameter localization

    Full text link
    The design of complex self-organising systems producing life-like phenomena, such as the open-ended evolution of virtual creatures, is one of the main goals of artificial life. Lenia, a family of cellular automata (CA) generalizing Conway's Game of Life to continuous space, time and states, has attracted a lot of attention because of the wide diversity of self-organizing patterns it can generate. Among those, some spatially localized patterns (SLPs) resemble life-like artificial creatures and display complex behaviors. However, those creatures are found in only a small subspace of the Lenia parameter space and are not trivial to discover, necessitating advanced search algorithms. Furthermore, each of these creatures exist only in worlds governed by specific update rules and thus cannot interact in the same one. This paper proposes as mass-conservative extension of Lenia, called Flow Lenia, that solve both of these issues. We present experiments demonstrating its effectiveness in generating SLPs with complex behaviors and show that the update rule parameters can be optimized to generate SLPs showing behaviors of interest. Finally, we show that Flow Lenia enables the integration of the parameters of the CA update rules within the CA dynamics, making them dynamic and localized, allowing for multi-species simulations, with locally coherent update rules that define properties of the emerging creatures, and that can be mixed with neighbouring rules. We argue that this paves the way for the intrinsic evolution of self-organized artificial life forms within continuous CAs

    Fusions d\u27universités et la documentation (Les)

    Get PDF
    Ce rapport présente de premières conclusions des fusions d\u27universités réalisées à Aix-Marseille, à Bordeaux, en Lorraine et à Strasbourg sous différents aspects : préparation de la fusion, nouvelle organisation documentaire, évolution des services aux publics et de la politique documentaire, unification des systèmes d\u27information, immobilier documentaire. Il présente également l\u27état actuel au plan documentaire des autres fusions d\u27universités en cours

    Predictors of hospital discharge and mortality in patients with diabetes and COVID-19: updated results from the nationwide CORONADO study

    Get PDF
    AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: This is an update of the results from the previous report of the CORONADO (Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and Diabetes Outcomes) study, which aims to describe the outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with diabetes hospitalised for coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: The CORONADO initiative is a French nationwide multicentre study of patients with diabetes hospitalised for COVID-19 with a 28-day follow-up. The patients were screened after hospital admission from 10 March to 10 April 2020. We mainly focused on hospital discharge and death within 28 days. RESULTS: We included 2796 participants: 63.7% men, mean age 69.7 ± 13.2 years, median BMI (25th-75th percentile) 28.4 (25.0-32.4) kg/m(2). Microvascular and macrovascular diabetic complications were found in 44.2% and 38.6% of participants, respectively. Within 28 days, 1404 (50.2%; 95% CI 48.3%, 52.1%) were discharged from hospital with a median duration of hospital stay of 9 (5-14) days, while 577 participants died (20.6%; 95% CI 19.2%, 22.2%). In multivariable models, younger age, routine metformin therapy and longer symptom duration on admission were positively associated with discharge. History of microvascular complications, anticoagulant routine therapy, dyspnoea on admission, and higher aspartate aminotransferase, white cell count and C-reactive protein levels were associated with a reduced chance of discharge. Factors associated with death within 28 days mirrored those associated with discharge, and also included routine treatment by insulin and statin as deleterious factors. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: In patients with diabetes hospitalised for COVID-19, we established prognostic factors for hospital discharge and death that could help clinicians in this pandemic period. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT04324736

    Penilaian Kinerja Keuangan Koperasi di Kabupaten Pelalawan

    Full text link
    This paper describe development and financial performance of cooperative in District Pelalawan among 2007 - 2008. Studies on primary and secondary cooperative in 12 sub-districts. Method in this stady use performance measuring of productivity, efficiency, growth, liquidity, and solvability of cooperative. Productivity of cooperative in Pelalawan was highly but efficiency still low. Profit and income were highly, even liquidity of cooperative very high, and solvability was good

    Juxtaposing BTE and ATE – on the role of the European insurance industry in funding civil litigation