UCrea

    “Giudaismo” e Augustus-Theologie nelle Historiae adversus paganos di Orosio

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    Tesis doctoral en período de exposición públicaPrograma de Doctorado Interuniversitario en Ciencias de la Antigüeda

    Development Education in Response to the Inequalities of the 21ST Century

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    Resumen: En este artículo describimos la sociedad actual como un sistema caracterizado por el cambio permanente en el que se acrecientan cada vez más las diferencias sociales, que se han visto agravadas por la actual situación de crisis económica. Para luchar contra estas desigualdades proponemos trabajar, en los diferentes niveles del sistema educativo, desde la mirada que ofrece la Educación para el Desarrollo y que suscita un conjunto de prácticas que se dirigen a transformar y a promover la toma de conciencia sobre esta realidad. En definitiva, se trata de una propuesta que se asienta en un ideal de justicia social y equidad y que trata de discutir ¿cómo hacer posible un mundo más justo e igualitario?Abstract: This article describes the current society as a system characterized by constant change in which social differences continuously increase; these have been exacerbated due to the current economic crisis. To fight against such inequalities we propose to work from the perspective offered by Development Education in the different educational levels, fostering practices that are aimed at transforming and promoting awareness of this reality. Overall, this is a proposal based on the ideal of social justice and equity and it seeks to discuss how to bring about a more just and egalitarian world. Is a more just and equal world possible?Diagnóstico de la Educación para el Desarrollo en Castilla y León ha sido cofinanciado por la Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo (AECID) a través del proyecto con referencia 10–CAP1–0524. Este proyecto ha sido desarrollado desde el Observatorio de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo de la Universidad de Valladolid y dirigido por el profesor Luis Javier Miguel González

    University students? perception on the reliability of Wikipedia

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    Resumen: INTRODUCCIÓN. La Wikipedia es la quinta página web más consultada del mundo, pero una de las críticas más habituales que recibe es su fiabilidad. Muchos expertos han indicado los problemas que han encontrado en esta enciclopedia en línea, editada por usuarios voluntarios de todo el mundo. En esta investigación hemos preguntado a los estudiantes universitarios que están cursando estudios de educación sobre su percepción sobre la fiabilidad que tiene uno de los recursos que más utilizan para consultar información en Internet. MÉTODO. Para obtener los resultados se aplicaron tres instrumentos de obtención de datos. Estudiantes universitarios de toda España en estudios de educación cumplimentaron 1.173 cuestionarios. Una vez se analizaron las respuestas, se creó un guion para realizar un grupo de discusión en la Universidad de Barcelona, y las respuestas de este sirvieron para crear el guion de las entrevistas que se realizaron a los editores de la Wikipedia. RESULTADOS. Los datos obtenidos nos permiten afirmar que los alumnos consultan habitualmente la Wikipedia, y la consideran muy útil y completa. Además, piensan que es fiable en muchos casos, aunque, en general, dudan de todas las bases documentales que consultan, corroborando estas con otras fuentes. Indicaron también que puede ser un recurso educativo válido, pudiendo utilizarse en contextos muy variados en diferentes niveles de formación. DISCUSIÓN. Los alumnos deben tener en cuenta que no se puede determinar globalmente si la Wikipedia es fiable o no, depende de muchos factores como la relevancia del artículo, su actualidad, los editores, las revisiones a las que ha sido sometido y el número de ediciones.Abstract: INTRODUCTION. Wikipedia is the fifth most visited website in the world, but one of the most common criticisms it receives is its reliability. Many experts have pointed out the problems they have encountered in this online encyclopedia, edited by volunteer users from around the world. In this research we have asked university students studying Education about their perception of the reliability of one of the resources they use most to consult information on the Internet. METHOD. To obtain the results, three data collection instruments were applied. University students from all over Spain in Education studies completed 1,173 questionnaires. Once the answers were analyzed, a script was created to conduct a discussion group at the University of Barcelona, and the responses of this one served to create the script of the interviews that were conducted to the editors of Wikipedia. RESULTS. The data obtained allow us to affirm that students regularly consult Wikipedia, and consider it very useful and complete. Furthermore, they think it is reliable in many cases, although, in general, they doubt all the documentary bases they consult, corroborating this with other sources. They also indicated that it can be a valid educational resource, being able to be used in very varied contexts at different levels of education. DISCUSSION. Students should keep in mind that it is not possible to determine globally whether Wikipedia is reliable or not, it depends on many factors such as the relevance of the article, the editors, the revisions to which it has been submitted and the number of editions

    Constraints on the Initial State of Pb-Pb Collisions via Measurements of Z-Boson Yields and Azimuthal Anisotropy at root s(NN)=5.02 TeV

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    The CMS experiment at the LHC has measured the differential cross sections of Z bosons decaying to pairs of leptons, as functions of transverse momentum and rapidity, in lead-lead collisions at a nucleonnucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. The measured Z boson elliptic azimuthal anisotropy coefficient is compatible with zero, showing that Z bosons do not experience significant final-state interactions in the medium produced in the collision. Yields of Z bosons are compared to Glauber model predictions and are found to deviate from these expectations in peripheral collisions, indicating the presence of initial collision geometry and centrality selection effects. The precision of the measurement allows, for the first time, for a data-driven determination of the nucleon-nucleon integrated luminosity as a function of lead-lead centrality, thereby eliminating the need for its estimation based on a Glauber model.We congratulate our colleagues in the CERN accelerator departments for the excellent performance of the LHC and thank the technical and administrative staffs at CERN and at other CMS institutes for their contributions to the success of the CMS effort. In addition, we gratefully acknowledge the computing centers and personnel of the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid and other centers for delivering so effectively the computing infrastructure essential to our analyses. Finally, we acknowledge the enduring support for the construction and operation of the LHC, the CMS detector, and the supporting computing infrastructure provided by the following funding agencies: BMBWF and FWF (Austria); FNRS and FWO (Belgium); CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, FAPERGS, and FAPESP (Brazil); MES (Bulgaria); CERN; CAS, MoST, and NSFC (China); Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (Colombia); MSES and CSF (Croatia); RIF (Cyprus); SENESCYT (Ecuador); MoER, ERC PUT and ERDF (Estonia); Academy of Finland, MEC, and HIP (Finland); CEA and CNRS/IN2P3 (France); BMBF, DFG, and HGF (Germany); GSRT (Greece); NKFIA (Hungary); DAE and DST (India); IPM (Iran); SFI (Ireland); INFN (Italy); MSIP and NRF (Republic of Korea); MES (Latvia); LAS (Lithuania); MOE and UM (Malaysia); BUAP, CINVESTAV, CONACYT, LNS, SEP, and UASLP-FAI (Mexico); MOS (Montenegro); MBIE (New Zealand); PAEC (Pakistan); MSHE and NSC (Poland); FCT (Portugal); JINR (Dubna); MON, RosAtom, RAS, RFBR, and NRC KI (Russia); MESTD (Serbia); SEIDI, CPAN, PCTI, and FEDER (Spain); MOSTR (Sri Lanka); Swiss Funding Agencies (Switzerland); MST (Taipei); ThEPCenter, IPST, STAR, and NSTDA (Thailand); TUBITAK and TAEK (Turkey); NASU (Ukraine); STFC (United Kingdom); DOE and NSF (USA)

    The communication of NGOs in Cantabria

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    RESUMEN: Este trabajo trata sobre la comunicación de las ONG situadas en Cantabria. Al tratarse de entidades no lucrativas, la estrategia de comunicación que utilizan difiere de las que puedan utilizar aquellas que orientan su actividad a obtener beneficios, encontrándose también con más retos. Aunque entre los expertos existen diferencias de opinión: por un lado, hay quienes piensan que la comunicación en este tipo de organizaciones debe ser diferente al del resto y, por otro, hay quienes consideran que las ONG también tienen que conseguir financiación como el resto de organizaciones para poder llevar a cabo sus proyectos. El hecho de que muchos profesionales consideren el marketing como un gasto, limita la actividad de las ONG en cuanto a este aspecto se refiere, causando que los trabajadores más cualificados se vayan al sector lucrativo donde se les pague una cantidad más alta y consecuente a su rendimiento, se limite la toma de riesgos de estas entidades, se tenga una mayor presión para conseguir los objetivos en un menor tiempo y de forma más inmediata y, por último, se limite el acceso de más financiación al no poder repartir y/o recibir dividendos. Además, es importante mencionar la existencia de la Coordinadora, una organización que une a las ONGD para lograr unos objetivos comunes en el ámbito del desarrollo social. Dispone de un Código de Conducta, y todas las ONGD asociadas a esta tendrán que cumplirlo. Uno de sus principios básicos es que la comunicación de estas organizaciones debe de garantizar la transparencia. Se ha analizado la comunicación de las ONGD asociadas a la Coordinadora Cántabra y se ha comprobado que la gran mayoría disponen de página web, así como de redes sociales. Aunque su uso varía de unas a otras. También se ha comprobado que el tamaño de estas influye en la estrategia de comunicación que deciden llevar a cabo, puesto que las más grandes, al tener una estructura más definida y una cantidad mayor de recursos, podrán tener una estrategia de comunicación más ajustada a sus necesidades, mientras que las más pequeñas se encontrarán limitadas al presupuesto que tienen.ABSTRACT: This project is about how the communication of NGOs located in Cantabria carries out. The communication strategy, when it comes to non-profit entities, is different than the strategies that lucrative entities use. Besides, the non-profit ones find more challenges than the others due to the perception of individuals. Among experts there are different opinions. On one hand, there are those who think that the communication in this kind of organizations must be different than the communication of for-profit companies. On the other hand, there are those who think that NGOs must get funded the same way as the other entities to carry out their projects. The mere fact that many professionals consider marketing as a spending restricts NGOs actions. This explains that qualified workers end up working at the lucrative sector where they will be get paid a bigger wage as the result of their capacity. It restricts these entities when they want to take risks too. Furthermore, they have more pressure to achieve their objectives. They couldn’t get more funding neither because they can’t receive or distribute dividends. It’s important to mention the Coordinator of NGDOs, an organization that connects NGDOs to achieve common goals. This organization has a Code of Conduct and its members must comply it. One of its most important values is that their communication strategy must be transparent. The communication of the NGDOs members of the Cantabrian Coordinator has been analysed in this project. It has been proven that most of them own a web site and social networks. But its use is different in each one. It has been proven too that their size influences the communication strategy that they can or decide to use. The bigger ones have more resources and a well-defined structure which allow them to have a suitable strategy. Meanwhile, the smaller ones will depend more on their budget.Grado en Administración y Dirección de Empresa

    Relevant associations of Metabolic Syndrome in first episodes of psychosis at 10-year follow-up : the importance of therapeutic exercise

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    Background: Multiple studies have identified various metabolic abnormalities in patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP). There is a fivefold increase in metabolic syndrome (MetS) within the first few years of treatment, which heightens the risk of cardiovascular diseases and contributes towards the premature mortality. The aim of the present study is to explore whether or not there are differences between presence and absence of MetS in patients with a first psychotic episode at 10-year follow-up. A secondary aim is to analyze the importance of therapeutic exercise in these patients. Method: A total of 168 patients were recruited from a large epidemiological cohort of patients who have been treated in a longitudinal intervention program of FEP called PAFIP. In the present study information about clinical, cognitive, metabolic and physical characteristic was assessed in patients with MetS (n=52) and without Mets (n=116). Results: High associations were found. The incidence of MetS after 10 years was greatest positively and significantly associated with metabolic (weight, systolic blood pressure, triglycerides and gamma-glutamyl transferase levels (GGT), physical (practice physical activity), clinical (age of psychosis onset, DAS, GAF, negative symptoms dimension and diagnosis), cognitive and sociodemografic characteristics. Conclusions: There are differences between presence and absence of MetS in patients with a first psychotic episode at 10-year follow-up. Significant assotiations were found in metabolic, physical, cognitive, and clinical variables. Preventive and therapeutic programs for physical comorbidity should be established.Máster en Iniciación a la Investigación en Salud Menta

    Search for production of an Υ(1S) meson in association with a W or Z boson using the full 1.96 TeV p¯p collision data set at CDF

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    Production of the Y(1S) meson in association with a vector boson is a rare process in the standard model with a cross section predicted to be below the sensitivity of the Tevatron. Observation of this process could signify contributions not described by the standard model or reveal limitations with the current nonrelativistic quantum-chromodynamic models used to calculate the cross section. We perform a search for this process using the full Run II data set collected by the CDF II detector corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9.4??fb-1. The search considers the ??µµ decay and the decay of the W and Z bosons into muons and electrons. In these purely leptonic decay channels, we observe one ?W candidate with an expected background of 1.2±0.5 events, and one ?Z candidate with an expected background of 0.1±0.1 events. Both observations are consistent with the predicted background contributions. The resulting upper limits on the cross section for ?+W/Z production are the most sensitive reported from a single experiment and place restrictions on potential contributions from non-standard-model physics.We would like to acknowledge K. W. Lai for suggesting the search for these processes, and thank P. Artoisenet and J.-P. Lansberg for many useful discussions and help with theoretical inputs into the MADGRAPH simulation. We thank the Fermilab staff and the technical staffs of the participating institutions for their vital contributions.This work was supported by the U.S. Department ofEnergy and National Science Foundation; the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare; the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan; the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada; the National Science Council of the Republic of China; the Swiss National Science Foundation; the A. P. Sloan Foundation; the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Germany; the Korean World Class University Program,the National Research Foundation of Korea; the Science and Technology Facilities Council and the Royal Society,United Kingdom; the Russian Foundation for Basic Research; the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Consolider-Ingenio 2010, Spain; the Slovak R&D Agency; the Academy of Finland; the Australian Research Council (ARC); and the EU community Marie Curie Fellowship Contract No. 302103

    Game in the early chilhood education. A look to the free game in a classroom

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    RESUMEN: El juego es un elemento esencial en el desarrollo global de todo niño, que interviene en los procesos de aprendizaje a nivel cognitivo, emocional y social. Debido a esto, distintos autores han analizado y desarrollado diversas teorías acerca del juego en esta etapa así como de la función que cumple. Es por la importancia que cobra este elemento en la etapa de Educación Infantil que se ha llevado a cabo un estudio acerca de los distintos tipos de juegos que se pueden observar en un aula de segundo de Educación Infantil en los tiempos dedicados al juego libre. El instrumentos utilizado para llevar a cabo el estudio ha sido la observación participante. Debido a la oportunidad surgida de mis prácticas docentes, con una duración de cuatro meses, este instrumento se mostraba como el idóneo para la realización del estudio, pudiendo observar la realidad del juego en el aula sin estar condicionada por mi presencia. En los resultados se presentan los distintos tipos de juegos que se dan en el aula y las interacciones que se producen entre los alumnos durante el desarrollo de la actividad.ABSTRACT: Games are a key factor in the global development of every child, involved in the different learning processes on the cognitive, emotional and social level. For this reason, authors have analysed and developped different theories about games on this stage, as well as the function they meet. Due to the importance this factor has on this stage of Infant Education, research has been conducted about the different types of games that can be found in a second year class when dedicated to free play time. Tools used in order to conduct the research refered to observing the participants. Due to the opportunity arising from my teaching practices, with a duration of four months, this instrument was shown as the ideal for the realization of the study, being able to observe the reality of the game in the classroom without being conditioned by my presence The different types of games that can be found in the classroom and the interactions given among the students during the development of the activity can be provided by the analysis of the results.Grado en Magisterio en Educación Infanti

    Predicción de cargas de rotura en SGFR-PA6 mediante el concepto del material equivalente y la teoría de las distancias críticas

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    Este artículo propone una combinación del Concepto de Material Equivalente (EMC) y de la Teoría de las Distancias Críticas (TDC) para obtener una predicción de cargas de rotura en poliamida 6 reforzada con fibra de vidrio corta (SGFRPA6) con entallas en U. La TDC utiliza una longitud característica del material L (distancia crítica) de naturaleza elásticolineal. Por ello, en aquellos materiales cuyo comportamiento no es completamente elástico-lineal, L requiere de calibración previa. La metodología propuesta define un material elástico-lineal equivalente donde la TDC pueda ser aplicada de manera sencilla y precisa sin necesidad de una calibración previa. El programa experimental está compuesto por 50 probetas SENB de SGFR-PA6, y se han obtenido predicciones precisas de las cargas de rotura obtenidas experimentalmente.Los autores de este trabajo desean agradecer al MINECO del Gobierno de España por la financiación del proyecto MAT2014-58443-P, de cuyos resultados deriva este artículo

    What is Happening with Quality of Life Among the Oldest People in Southern European Countries? An Empirical Approach Based on the SHARE Data

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    Population aging in developed countries has created new challenges to improve the well-being of individuals at diferent age cohorts. This issue is especially signifcant for Southern European countries, were aging societies have worse health and less socioeconomic resources. The aim of this study is to contribute to this body of literature and to estimate the efect of aging on quality of life of oldest people. This paper uses the latest available data (6th wave) from the Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). Specifcally, robust ordinary least squares and multilevel regressions are employed to analyse the efects of socioeconomic, health, and community factors on quality of life among the oldest population for Southern European countries. Our fndings confrm the signifcance of several factors on life satisfaction among the oldest population in this group of countries. Moreover, we show that the determinants which are correlated with quality of life include predisposing, health, geographic area and social isolation factors
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