3,221 research outputs found

    W and Z production: cross sections and asymmetries

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    The LHC will be a W and Z factory. At nominal low luminosity of L=10^{33} \mbox{cm}^{-2}\mbox{s}^{-1} approx 15 W\rightarrow \mbox{l}\nu events and 1.5 Z‚Üí\rightarrowll, l=őľ,=\mu,e events will be produced per second. These processes will be important to test the Standard Model via precision measurements. W and Z production represent backgrounds to other Standard Model processes and signals of new physics and thus need to be understood precisely in the new kinematic region available at the LHC. In addition, they will be crucial physics channels to understand the detectors and its performances at start-up

    QCD studies at ATLAS

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    There is significant ongoing efforts in ATLAS to better understand QCD effects. These proceedings contain some examples highlighting recent results. Studies were carried out covering a wide range of QCD phenomena, which include the production of ŌÜ mesons in minimum bias events, processes involving photons and jets, and the measurement of the W plus charm jet production. In these analyses the data are compared at particle-level with theoretical predictions and Monte Carlo simulations. In general, a good agreement between data and the predictions is found for a wide spectrum of observables. Several of the presented results provide input to the tuning of the parton distribution functions

    Liquid Argon Hadronic EndCap Production Database

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    This document describes the contents of the Liquid Argon Hadronic EndCap (HEC) Production Database. At the time of the PRR (Production Readiness Review), the groups responsible for the production of the LAr HEC components and modules were required to provide a detailed plan as to what data should be stored in the production database and how the data should be accessed, displayed and queried in all reasonable foreseeable circumstances. This document describes the final database

    Combining Monte Carlo generators with next-to-next-to-leading order calculations: event reweighting for Higgs boson production at the LHC

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    We study a phenomenological ansatz for merging next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) calculations with Monte Carlo event generators. We reweight them to match bin-integrated NNLO differential distributions. To test this procedure, we study the Higgs boson production cross-section at the LHC, for which a fully differential partonic NNLO calculation is available. We normalize PYTHIA and MC@NLO Monte Carlo events for Higgs production in the gluon fusion channel to reproduce the bin integrated NNLO double differential distribution in the transverse momentum and rapidity of the Higgs boson. These events are used to compute differential distributions for the photons in the pp \to H \to \gamma \gamma decay channel, and are compared to predictions from fixed-order perturbation theory at NNLO. We find agreement between the reweighted generators and the NNLO result in kinematic regions where we expect a good description using fixed-order perturbation theory. Kinematic boundaries where resummation is required are also modeled correctly using this procedure. We then use these events to compute distributions in the pp \to H \to W^+W^- \to l^+l^- \nu\bar{\nu} channel, for which an accurate description is needed for measurements at the LHC. We find that the final state lepton distributions obtained from PYTHIA are not significantly changed by the reweighting procedure.Comment: 18 pages, 14 fig

    Development of an analogue optical link for the front-end read-out of the ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeter

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    We have developed an analogue optical data transmission system intended to meet the read-out requirements of the ATLAS liquid argon electromagnetic calorimeter. Eight-way demonstrators have been built and tested. The link uses arrays of VCSEL diodes as the optical emitters, coupled to a 70 m long fibre ribbon to simulate the distance between the detector and the control room. The receiver is based around a custom-designed PIN photodiode array. We describe here the final results of laboratory tests on a demonstrator, laying stress on the VCSEL-to-fibre coupling issues, and the overall performance of the full link. A 9-bit dynamic range is achieved, with a 5on-linearity

    Hadron Energy Reconstruction for the ATLAS Calorimetry in the Framework of the Non-parametrical Method

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    This paper discusses hadron energy reconstruction for the ATLAS barrel prototype combined calorimeter (consisting of a lead-liquid argon electromagnetic part and an iron-scintillator hadronic part) in the framework of the non-parametrical method. The non-parametrical method utilizes only the known e/he/h ratios and the electron calibration constants and does not require the determination of any parameters by a minimization technique. Thus, this technique lends itself to an easy use in a first level trigger. The reconstructed mean values of the hadron energies are within ¬Ī1\pm 1% of the true values and the fractional energy resolution is [(58¬Ī3)/E+(2.5¬Ī0.3)[(58\pm3)% /\sqrt{E}+(2.5\pm0.3)%]\oplus (1.7\pm0.2)/E. The value of the e/he/h ratio obtained for the electromagnetic compartment of the combined calorimeter is 1.74¬Ī0.041.74\pm0.04 and agrees with the prediction that e/h>1.7e/h > 1.7 for this electromagnetic calorimeter. Results of a study of the longitudinal hadronic shower development are also presented. The data have been taken in the H8 beam line of the CERN SPS using pions of energies from 10 to 300 GeV.Comment: 33 pages, 13 figures, Will be published in NIM

    Single hadron response measurement and calorimeter jet energy scale uncertainty with the ATLAS detector at the LHC

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    The uncertainty on the calorimeter energy response to jets of particles is derived for the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). First, the calorimeter response to single isolated charged hadrons is measured and compared to the Monte Carlo simulation using proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of sqrt(s) = 900 GeV and 7 TeV collected during 2009 and 2010. Then, using the decay of K_s and Lambda particles, the calorimeter response to specific types of particles (positively and negatively charged pions, protons, and anti-protons) is measured and compared to the Monte Carlo predictions. Finally, the jet energy scale uncertainty is determined by propagating the response uncertainty for single charged and neutral particles to jets. The response uncertainty is 2-5% for central isolated hadrons and 1-3% for the final calorimeter jet energy scale.Comment: 24 pages plus author list (36 pages total), 23 figures, 1 table, submitted to European Physical Journal

    Measurement of the cross-section and charge asymmetry of WW bosons produced in proton-proton collisions at s=8\sqrt{s}=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector