5,180 research outputs found

    Lead and uranium group abundances in cosmic rays

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    The importance of Lead and Uranium group abundances in cosmic rays is discussed in understanding their evolution and propagation. The electronic detectors can provide good charge resolution but poor data statistics. The plastic detectors can provide somewhat better statistics but charge resolution deteriorates. The extraterrestrial crystals can provide good statistics but with poor charge resolution. Recent studies of extraterrestrial crystals regarding their calibration to accelerated uranium ion beam and track etch kinetics are discussed. It is hoped that a charge resolution of two charge units can be achieved provided an additional parameter is taken into account. The prospects to study abundances of Lead group, Uranium group and superheavy element in extraterrestrial crystals are discussed, and usefulness of these studies in the light of studies with electronic and plastic detectors is assessed

    Complex research of acoustic impact on gas-dust flow in vortex-acoustic dispenser

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    Introduction The processing of wastes from mining operations is usually related to the needs of related industries in raw materials. The results of numerous studies on the complex processing of various man-made materials have confirmed the feasibility of their use to ensure resource-saving and obtain new types of products [1-3]. One of the most promising areas of industrial waste utilization is their integrated use in the production of building materials, which allows to meet the demand for raw materials up to 40% for this most important industry. The use of industrial waste allows to reduce costs for the manufacture of building materials 10-30% in comparison with their production from natural raw materials. The saving of capital investments makes 35-50% in this case [4-5]. In modern technology of building materials production, fine powders are one of the fundamental components that significantly affect the quality of finished products [6]. The fineness of material grinding is important for the intensification of various technological processes. However, the obtaining of a highly dispersed product is difficult due to increased energy consumption for material grinding, as well as their abrasiveness at an intensive abrasion, which causes a high wear of grinding bodies and other parts of a grinding unit. This leads to the increase of the grinding process cost, as well as to the obtaining of a poor-quality, contaminated product [7,8]. According to the data [9-10], the energy costs for the grinding of various materials reach 20% of the total energy consumption for production. The most promising method for fine and ultrafine grinding of various materials used in lowtonnage and innovative technologies is the jet method of grinding [11-12]

    The possible existence of Hs in nature from a geochemical point of view

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    A hypothesis of the existence of a long-lived isotope 271Hs in natural molybdenites and osmirides is considered from a geochemical point of view. It is shown that the presence of Hs in these minerals can be explained only by making an additional ad hoc assumption on the existence of an isobaric pair of 271Bh-271Hs. This assumption could be tested by mass-spectrometric measurements of U, Pb, Kr, Xe, and Zr isotopic shifts.Comment: 5 pages, no figures. Physics of Particles and Nuclei Letters, 2006, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 165-168 in pres

    Investigation of flows in boundary layers in processes of thin-layer separation

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    Analytical expressions have been obtained to determine lateral profiles of velocity distribution in boundary layers of separated phases, when monodisperse emulsions are separated. Equations, determining the thickness of boundary layers, have been formulated. The general picture of phase flows in the interplate clearances of the separator has been investigated. Thus, a simplified mathematical model has been developed to investigate the process of separating a monodisperse mixture in separators

    Precise measurement of the W-boson mass with the CDF II detector

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    We have measured the W-boson mass MW using data corresponding to 2.2/fb of integrated luminosity collected in proton-antiproton collisions at 1.96 TeV with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. Samples consisting of 470126 W->enu candidates and 624708 W->munu candidates yield the measurement MW = 80387 +- 12 (stat) +- 15 (syst) = 80387 +- 19 MeV. This is the most precise measurement of the W-boson mass to date and significantly exceeds the precision of all previous measurements combined

    Measurement of the t t-bar production cross section in the dilepton channel in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

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    The t t-bar production cross section (sigma[t t-bar]) is measured in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV in data collected by the CMS experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.3 inverse femtobarns. The measurement is performed in events with two leptons (electrons or muons) in the final state, at least two jets identified as jets originating from b quarks, and the presence of an imbalance in transverse momentum. The measured value of sigma[t t-bar] for a top-quark mass of 172.5 GeV is 161.9 +/- 2.5 (stat.) +5.1/-5.0 (syst.) +/- 3.6(lumi.) pb, consistent with the prediction of the standard model.Comment: Replaced with published version. Included journal reference and DO

    Combined search for the quarks of a sequential fourth generation