Archivio Istituzionale della Ricerca- Università degli Studi di Foggia
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    Characterization and outcomes of difficult-to-treat patients starting modern first-line ART regimens: Data from the ICONA cohort

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    Objectives: Treatment failures to modern antiretroviral therapy (ART) raise concerns, as they could re-duce future options. Evaluations of occurrence of multiple failures to modern ART are missing and their significance in the long run is unclear.Methods: People with HIV (PWH) in the ICONA cohort who started a modern first-line ART were defined as 'difficult to treat' (DTT) if they experienced >= 1 among: i)>= 2 VF (2 viral loads, VL > 200 copies/mL or 1 VL > 10 0 0 copies/mL) with or without ART change; ii) >= 2 treatment discontinuations (TD) due to toxic-ity/intolerance/failure; iii) >= 1 VF followed by ART change plus >= 1 TD due to toxicity/intolerance/failure. A subgroup of the DTT participants were matched to PWH that, after the same time, were non-DTT. Treat-ment response, analysing VF, TD, treatment failure, AIDS/death, and SNAE (Serious non-AIDS event)/death, were compared. Survival analysis by KM curves and Cox regression models were employed.Results: Among 8061 PWH, 320 (4%) became DTT. Estimates of becoming DTT was 6.5% (95% CI: 5.8- 7.4%) by 6 years. DTT PWH were significantly older, with a higher prevalence of AIDS and lower CD4 + at nadir than the non-DTT. In the prospective analysis, DTT demonstrated a higher unadjusted risk for all the outcomes. Once controlled for confounders, significant associations were confirmed for VF (aHR 2.23, 1.33-3.73), treatment failure (aHR 1.70, 1.03-2.78), and SNAE/death (aHR 2.79, 1.18-6.61). Conclusion: A total of 6.5% of PWH satisfied our definition of DTT by 6 years from ART starting. This appears to be a more fragile group who may have higher risk of failure.(c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd

    Sustainability and the circular economy: The role of the financial sector and the response of Intesa SanPaolo

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    This chapter aims to emphasize the importance of this transition and how the financial system can contribute to it, as it is known that it moves huge financial resources that drive the development of the economy. Banks, therefore, are called upon to shoulder this responsibility. As channellers of financial resources, they can contribute greatly to accelerating the transition to the circular economy by providing financial support, especially to those companies that fit into these innovative production models. Moreover, this approach would benefit the financial institutions themselves not only in terms of reputation enhancement, but also in terms of risk reduction

    Adverse Events of the Single Operator Cholangioscopy System: A MAUDE Database Analysis

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    Background and aims: SpyGlass single operator cholangioscopy (SOC) system is generally considered safe but adds additional risks to those associated with standard endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Methods: We evaluated adverse events (AEs) with the SpyGlass System reported in the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database between January 2016 & August 2023. Results: A total of 2331 device problems (SpyGlass DS:1301, SpyGlass DS II:1010) were reported. An optical problem was the most reported issue with 83 for the SpyGlass DS and 457 for the SpyGlass DS II. Patient related events were found in 62 (3.5%) of 1743 reports: 33 with SpyGlass DS, and 29 with SpyGlass DSII. The most common AEs were bleeding/hemorrhage followed by perforation, infection, fever, or sepsis and pancreatitis. Conclusions: Our findings add to the existing literature and provides a fuller picture of potential problems associated with SpyGlassTM SOC

    Il sito di Campo della Fiera a Orvieto tra Altomedioevo ed Età Moderna

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    The interplay between mentalization, personality traits and burnout in psychiatry training: Results from a large multicenter controlled study

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    Background: A better characterization of educational processes during psychiatry training is needed, both to foster personal resilience and occupational proficiency. Methods: An adequate coverage of medical residents at the national level was reached (41.86% of the total reference population, 29 out of 36 training centers-80.55%). Controls were recruited among residents in other medical specialties. All participants were assessed by questionnaires to evaluate early life experiences, attachment style, personality traits, coping strategies, emotional competencies. A Structural Equation Model (SEM) framework was employed to investigate the interplay between individual factors. Results: A total sample of 936 people was recruited (87.9% response-rate; 645 residents in psychiatry, 291 other medical residents). Psychiatry trainees reported a higher prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect), greater attachment insecurity (anxious or avoidant) in comparison to other medical trainees. Psychiatry residents also reported higher social support-seeking as a coping strategy, lower problem-orientation, and lower transcendence. Lower neuroticism, higher openness to experience, and higher emotional awareness were also observed in psychiatry trainees. Psychiatry training was associated with a redefinition of conflict management skills as a function of seniority. The SEM model provided support for an interplay between early traumatic experiences, mentalization skills (coping strategies, emotion regulation), interpersonal competencies and occupational distress. Conclusions: The findings of the present study supported a theoretical model based on mentalization theory for the interactions between personal and relational competencies in psychiatry training, thus providing potential target of remodulation and redefinition of this specific process of education


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