3,680 research outputs found

    Reach the Bottom Line of the Sbottom Search

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    We propose a new search strategy for directly-produced sbottoms at the LHC with a small mass splitting between the sbottom and its decayed stable neutralino. Our search strategy is based on boosting sbottoms through an energetic initial state radiation jet. In the final state, we require a large missing transverse energy and one or two b-jets besides the initial state radiation jet. We also define a few kinematic variables to further increase the discovery reach. For the case that the sbottom mainly decays into the bottom quark and the stable neutralino, we have found that even for a mass splitting as small as 10 GeV sbottoms with masses up to around 400 GeV can be excluded at the 95% confidence level with 20 inverse femtobarn data at the 8 TeV LHC.Comment: 16 pages, 6 figure

    A first measurement of the interaction cross section of the tau neutrino

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    The DONuT experiment collected data in 1997 and published first results in 2000 based on four observed Μτ\nu_\tau charged-current (CC) interactions. The final analysis of the data collected in the experiment is presented in this paper, based on 3.6×10173.6 \times 10^{17} protons on target using the 800 GeV Tevatron beam at Fermilab. The number of observed Μτ\nu_\tau CC interactions is 9, from a total of 578 observed neutrino interactions. We calculated the energy-independent part of the tau-neutrino CC cross section (Îœ+Μˉ\nu + \bar \nu), relative to the well-known Îœe\nu_e and ΜΌ\nu_\mu cross sections. The ratio σ(Μτ)\sigma(\nu_\tau)/σ(Îœe,ÎŒ)\sigma(\nu_{e,\mu}) was found to be 1.37±0.35±0.771.37\pm0.35\pm0.77. The Μτ\nu_\tau CC cross section was found to be 0.72±0.24±0.36×10−380.72 \pm 0.24\pm0.36 \times 10^{-38} cm2GeV−1^{2}\rm{GeV}^{-1}. Both results are in agreement the Standard Model.Comment: 37 pages, 15 figure

    Bounds on the tau and muon neutrino vector and axial vector charge radius

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    A Majorana neutrino is characterized by just one flavor diagonal electromagnetic form factor: the anapole moment, that in the static limit corresponds to the axial vector charge radius . Experimental information on this quantity is scarce, especially in the case of the tau neutrino. We present a comprehensive analysis of the available data on the single photon production process e+e−−>ÎœÎœË‰Îłe^+ e^- -> \nu \bar\nu \gamma off Z-resonance, and we discuss the constraints that these measurements can set on for the tau neutrino. We also derive limits for the Dirac case, when the presence of a vector charge radius is allowed. Finally, we comment on additional experimental data on ΜΌ\nu_\mu scattering from the NuTeV, E734, CCFR and CHARM-II collaborations, and estimate the limits implied for and for the muon neutrino.Comment: 20 pages, 2 eps figures. CCFR data included in the analysis. Conclusion unchange

    The SM and NLO multileg working group: Summary report

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    This report summarizes the activities of the SM and NLO Multileg Working Group of the Workshop "Physics at TeV Colliders", Les Houches, France 8-26 June, 2009.Comment: 169 pages, Report of the SM and NLO Multileg Working Group for the Workshop "Physics at TeV Colliders", Les Houches, France 8-26 June, 200

    Journal Staff

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    We present the first measurements of the differential cross section d sigma/dp(T)(gamma) for the production of an isolated photon in association with at least two b-quark jets. The measurements consider photons with rapidities vertical bar y(gamma)vertical bar < 1.0 and transverse momenta 30 < p(T)(gamma) < 200 GeV. The b-quark jets are required to have p(T)(jet) > 15 GeVand vertical bar y(jet)vertical bar < 1.5. The ratio of differential production cross sections for gamma + 2 b-jets to gamma + b-jet as a function of p(T)(gamma) is also presented. The results are based on the proton-antiproton collision data at root s = 1.96 TeV collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The measured cross sections and their ratios are compared to the next- to- leading order perturbative QCD calculations as well as predictions based on the k(T)- factorization approach and those from the sherpa and pythia Monte Carlo event generators

    Search for scalar leptoquarks and T-odd quarks in the acoplanar jet topology using 2.5 fb-1 of ppbar collision data at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV

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    A search for new physics in the acoplanar jet topology has been performed in 2.5 fb-1 of data from ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV, recorded by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The numbers of events with exactly two acoplanar jets and missing transverse energy are in good agreement with the standard model expectations. The result of this search has been used to set a lower mass limit of 205 GeV at the 95% C.L. on the mass of a scalar leptoquark when this particle decays exclusively into a quark and a neutrino. In the framework of the Little Higgs model with T-parity, limits have also been obtained on the T-odd quark mass as a function of the T-odd photon mass