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    Coordinated reprogramming of renal cancer transcriptome, metabolome and secretome associates with immune tumor infiltration

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    Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common subtype of renal cancer. The molecules (proteins, metabolites) secreted by tumors affect their extracellular milieu to support cancer progression. If secreted in amounts detectable in plasma, these molecules can also serve as useful, minimal invasive biomarkers. The knowledge of ccRCC tumor microenvironment is fragmentary. In particular, the links between ccRCC transcriptome and the composition of extracellular milieu are weakly understood. In this study, we hypothesized that ccRCC transcriptome is reprogrammed to support alterations in tumor microenvironment. Therefore, we comprehensively analyzed ccRCC extracellular proteomes and metabolomes as well as transcriptomes of ccRCC cells to find molecules contributing to renal tumor microenvironment

    Specifics of Metabolite-Protein Interactions and Their Computational Analysis and Prediction

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    Examining the association between vaccine reactogenicity and antibody titer dynamics after the third dose of BNT162b2 vaccine using a mixed-effects model

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    Background: To mitigate the COVID-19 pandemic, many countries have recommended the use of booster vac-cinations. The relationship between the degree of adverse vaccine reactions and elevated antibody titers is of interest; however, no studies have investigated the temporal changes in antibody titers based on repeated measurements after a third dose of the BNT162b2 vaccine. Methods: This prospective longitudinal cohort study was conducted with 62 healthcare workers who received a third dose of the BNT162b2 at Okayama University Hospital, Japan. Venous blood draw and fingertip whole blood test sample collection were conducted at the early (3-13 days) and 1-month time points; only FWT sample collection was conducted at the 2-month time point. Information on adverse reactions within 1 week after vaccination was also obtained. The association between fever of 37.5 degrees C or higher and antibody titers after the third dose of BNT162b2 was examined using a mixed-effects model and Poisson regression with robust variance. Results: A trend toward higher antibody titers in the early period after vaccination was observed in the febrile individuals, but the differences were not significant at 1 and 2 months post-vaccination (the partial regression coefficient for fever was 8094.3 [-1910.2, 18,098.8] at 1 month after vaccination, and 1764.1 [-4133.9, 7662.1] at 2 months after vaccination in the adjusted models). Conclusion: The findings suggest that the presence of fever after the third vaccine does not predict a sustained elevation in serum antibody titers

    Large P-31-NMR enhancements in liquid state dynamic nuclear polarization through radical/target molecule non-covalent interaction

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    Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) is a method to enhance the low sensitivity of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) via spin polarization transfer from electron spins to nuclear spins. In the liquid state, this process is mediated by fast modulations of the electron-nuclear hyperfine coupling and its efficiency depends strongly on the applied magnetic field. A peculiar case study is triphenylphosphine (PPh3) dissolved in benzene and doped with BDPA radical because it gives 31P-NMR signal enhancements of two orders of magnitude up to a magnetic field of 14.1 T. Here we show that the large 31P enhancements of BDPA/PPh3 in benzene at 1.2 T (i) decrease when the moieties are dissolved in other organic solvents, (ii) are strongly reduced when using a nitroxide radical, and (iii) vanish with pentavalent 31P triphenylphosphine oxide. Those experimental observations are rationalized with numerical calculations based on density functional theory that show the tendency of BDPA and PPh3 to form a weak complex via non-covalent interaction that leads to large hyperfine couplings to 31P (ΔAiso ≥ 13 MHz). This mechanism is hampered in other investigated systems. The case study of 31P-DNP in PPh3 is an important example that extends the current understanding of DNP in the liquids state: non-covalent interactions between radical and target can be particularly effective to obtain large NMR signal enhancements

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