10,457 research outputs found

    Respons Empat Varietas Gladiol (Gladiolus hybridus L.) Terhadap Perendaman Benziladenin dalam Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan Tunas dan Produksi Subang0.

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    Gladiolus is a potential ornamental plant to be widely developed because its high aesthetic value. Generally, gladiolus is propagated vegetatively by using tuber that called corm. There are some problems in gladiolus vegetative propagation, which is corm has a dormancy period and produces only one to two corms for each gladiolus plant. The effort that can be done to solve these problems is to provide benzyladenine to gladiolus corm. This study aims to determine the response of four varieties of gladiolus (Gladiolus hybridus L.) that soak to benzyladenine in increasing the growth of shoot and corm production. This research was conducted in Bandar Lampung in 2017. The treatment was designed factorially (4 x 4) using Randomized Block Design. The first factor was the varieties of gladiolus ie Anisa, Clara, Nabila, and Nurlaela. The second factor was the 100 ppm concentration of benzyladenine in repeating ie first, second, third, and fourth soaking. Data analysis was tested by Least Significant Difference (LSD) test at 5% level. The results showed that (1) from four gladiolus corm varieties, Nabila produced the highest number of shoots at 10,34 shoots, while the variety that produces the highest number of corm was Clara at 5,71 corms, (2) the benzyladenine that used up to four times for soaking the corm resulted the same response in increasing growth of shoot and corm production of four gladiolus varieties, (3) the response of each gladiolus varieties didn’t depend on how many times that benzyladenine used to soak the corm in increasing the growth of shoot and corm production of four gladiolus varieties

    Mise Au Point Des Techniques De Micropropagation Pour Une Multiplication Massive De Gladiolus Segetum Et Gladiolus Dubius

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    Apical buds of corms of gladiolus (Gladiolus segetum and Gladiolus dubius) were cultivated on Murashige and Skoog (1962) medium supplemented with IBA 0.1 mg.l-1 and BA 2 mg.l-1. The number of newly formed buds was 3,8 and 4,13 buds per explants for respectively Gladiolus segetum and Gladiolus dubius. The in vitro Rooting need a supplement with auxin and sucrose. Rooting is not present in the control medium. The rate of rooting varied from 10 to 36%, depending on the species and the concentration of IBA in the medium. The Important rooting (36%) is observed for Gladiolus segetum in the presence of IBA 1 mg.l -1. Finally, the acclimatization is possible, these shoots rooted have formed many corms after 6 weeks of culture

    Gladiolus and Dahlias

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    Usaha Perbanyakan Subang Gladiol (Gladiolus Hibridus L) Dengan Menggunakan Benziladenin (BA)

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    Gladiolus propagation effort has been experiencing problems because of active buds on gladiolus corms in normal conditions is generally. Shoots will grow and then will produce tubers. So for rapid multiplication of gladiolus necessary effort to stimulate active shoots found on gladiolus corms. The use of benzyl adenine was effective enough to stimulate the emergence of shoots on gladiolus corms. Earring size seedlings generally will affect the size of the new corms. In general, if the new corms are formed more than one will affect the size of the next Earring. Fertilization-rise is expected to enlarge the size of the corm so that it can directly be used as a corm production. This study aims to find methods of rapid propagation of gladiolus corms by: (1) the effect of initial corm size on the number and size of the new corm, (2) the effect of fertilization dose on the growth of earrings, and (3) the effect of fertilization at each dose respective initial corm size. This study is a continuation of previous studies that aimed to obtain an effective concentration of BA to stimulate the growth of shoots contained in gladiolus corms. This research used the BA 30 ppm (the results of previous studies) is applied to the gladiolus cultivars Kaifa. The treatment applied to the three sizes of 3.8 to 4.8 cm diameter Earring (U1), 2.5 to 3.7 cm (U2), 1.2 to 3.0 cm (U3). The results showed that administration with a concentration of 30 ppm BA, able to grow all of gladiolus corms which were attempted (100% sprout more than one bud), and capable of increasing the number of active buds and number of shoots by 4.6 by 6.4

    Effect of green manure crops and organic amendments on incidence of nematode-borne tobacco rattle virus

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    Tobacco rattle tobravirus (TRV) may infect several ornamental bulb crops and is transmitted by trichodorid nematodes. Paratrichodorus teres, P. pachydermus and Trichodorus similis are the main vectors in the Netherlands. In field experiments the effects of various pre-crops and organic amendments on the TRV Infection Potential of Soils (TRV-IPS) and on disease level in tulip and gladiolus were studied. Organic matter amendment of soil at a rate of 1% dry weight has been shown to reduce the host finding activity of P. teres under laboratory conditions. In a field containing viruliferous P. teres dahlia, italian ryegrass, white mustard and fodder radish were grown or the soil was kept fallow and the resulting TRV-IPS prior to the bulbous test crops was measured by a soil dilution bait test method. The application of organic matter was tested after dahlia as pre-crop. Household waste compost (GFT compost) was applied as a soil mix or planting furrow treatment at 12 tons dry weight per ha for tulip and gladiolus. Spent mushroom compost (Champost) was added as planting furrow treatment at 17 or 12 tons dw/ha, respectively, for tulip and gladiolus. The percentage of TRV diseased plants was determined at flowering in all pre-crop and organic amendment treatments. Champost in the planting furrow and fodder radish as a preceding crop reduced the percentage infection in tulip under favourable conditions for TRV infection. In gladiolus most organic amendments, fodder radish as pre-crop and keeping the soil fallow reduced the TRV infection rate of the plants during the first growing season, but not of the plants grown from the corms in the next year

    Circular, No. 2

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    The information in this circular is intended for the use of settlers and homesteaders in Alaska who are interested in the more general growing of hardy flowering bulbs in the Territory. Alaska is very poor in native ornamental plants, and although the Alaska agricultural experiment stations do not specialize in flower growing, the Sitka station in 1923 began -an experiment which was later extended to the stations in the interior, to determine the possibility of growing bulbous plants in the Territory. The experiment has demonstrated that hardy flowering bulbs, including narcissus, tulips, English iris, gladiolus, the Regal lily, and hyacinths can be propagated on a commercial scale in Alaska. Lovers of these beautiful flowers should grow their own bulbs so far as possible, as some varieties can no longer be obtained in commercial quantities from foreign countries on account of the risk of introducing pests. Narcissus bulbs, shipped interstate by American growers, are required by a Federal quarantine to be inspected and certified to be free from pests and diseases, and certain States have placed similar restrictions on the sale of other kinds of bulbs.Narcissus: Forcing daffodils, Varieties -- Tulips: Varieties -- English iris: Gladiolus -- The Regal lily -- Tests in the interior -- General cultural directions -- Dutch method of planting -- Bibliograph

    Gladiolus tenuis Bieb. у нижній частині долини річки Сейм

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    Modern spreading of Gladiolus tenuis Bieb. at the lower part of the valley of the river Seim was determined and ecologo-coenotical peculiarities of its habitat were studied, age and spatial structure of the population of the given species were investigated. The measures of Gladiolus tenuis conservation at the given region are proposed.Установлено сучасне поширення Gladiolus tenuis Bieb. у нижній частині долини річки Сейм, вивчено еколого-ценотичні особливості його місцезростань, досліджено вікову та просторову структуру популяцій цього виду. Запропоновано заходи щодо збереження Gladiolus tenuis у досліджуваному регіоні

    Gladiolus ...

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    Gladiolus production as a function of growing environment conditions: a scientometric analysis

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    Lately, an increase in the commercialization of gladiolus has been observed, making it necessary to know information that contributes to the optimization of its production. Such information can be obtained from the scientometric analysis. Thus, the objective of this work was to perform a scientometric analysis of the global scientific literature to quantify the studies on gladiolus and to specify in the Brazilian scientific literature the resultsof works on the cultivation environment. The scientometric analysis was performed in the Scopus database for the entire historical data series until the year 2021. A total of 1402 scientific papers published on gladiolus culture were obtained with an average publication rate equal to 0.62 papers year-1. These papers were mostlypublished as scientific articles in English language in journals focusing on horticulture and India is the countrywith the highest number of publications. About the cultivation environment, the studies conducted in Brazil indicate that the production of gladiolus should be carried out in periods that do not occur frosts and also for average air temperature below 35°C and soil humidity above 75% of field capacity. Despite the important results of these works, the global scientific literature still lacks more information that adequately assists in the increase of gladiolus production.Lately, an increase in the commercialization of gladiolus has been observed, making it necessary to know information that contributes to the optimization of its production. Such information can be obtained from the scientometric analysis. Thus, the objective of this work was to perform a scientometric analysis of the global scientific literature to quantify the studies on gladiolus and to specify in the Brazilian scientific literature the result