15,172 research outputs found

    Light-cone path integral approach to the induced radiation in QED and QCD: basic concepts and recent applications

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    I discuss the basic ideas of the light-cone path integral approach to the induced radiation in QED and QCD and recent applications to the induced parton energy loss.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures. Talk given at the International Workshop Diffraction-2004, Cala Gonone, Sardinia, Italy, 18-23 Sept 2004; to appear in the Proceedings. Minor correction

    Parton energy loss in glasma

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    We study the synchrotron-like gluon emission in AAAA-collisions from fast partons due to interaction with the coherent glasma color fields. Our results show that for RHIC and LHC conditions the contribution of this mechanism to parton energy loss is much smaller than the radiative energy loss in the plasma phase.Comment: 14 pages, 3 figure

    On the Dressing Method for the Generalised Zakharov--Shabat System

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    The dressing procedure for the Generalised Zakharov--Shabat system is well known for systems, related to sl(N) algebras. We extend the method, constructing explicitly the dressing factors for some systems, related to orthogonal and symplectic Lie algebras. We consider 'dressed' fundamental analytical solutions with simple poles at the prescribed eigenvalue points and obtain the corresponding Lax potentials, representing the soliton solutions for some important nonlinear evolution equations.Comment: 17 pages, LaTe

    Effect of electric field of the electrosphere on photon emission from quark stars

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    We investigate the photon emission from the electrosphere of a quark star. It is shown that at temperatures T0.11T\sim 0.1-1 MeV the dominating mechanism is the bremsstrahlung due to bending of electron trajectories in the mean Coulomb field of the electrosphere. The radiated energy flux from this mechanism exceeds considerably both the contribution from the bremsstrahlung due to electron-electron interaction and the tunnel e+ee^{+}e^{-} pair creation.Comment: 9 pages, 2 figure

    Transition radiation in the quantum regime as a diffractive phenomenon

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    We demonstrate that the transition photon radiation and pair creation can be interpreted as a diffractive phenomenon in terms of the light-cone wave functions in a way similar to the Good-Walker approach [6] to the diffraction dissociation. Our formulas for spectra agree with those obtained by Baier and Katkov [5] within the quasiclassical operator method. However, there is some disagreement with earlier results by Garibyan [4].Comment: 7 pages. The journal version published in Phys. Lett.

    Nonlinear dynamics of soft fermion excitations in hot QCD plasma II: Soft-quark - hard-particle scattering and energy losses

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    In general line with our first work [Yu.A. Markov, M.A. Markova, Nucl. Phys. A 770 (2006) 162] within the framework of semiclassical approximation a general theory for the scattering processes of soft (anti)quark excitations off hard thermal particles in hot QCD-medium is thoroughly considered. The dynamical equations describing evolution for the usual classical color charge Qa(t)Q^a(t) and Grassmann color charges θi(t),θi(t)\theta^i(t), \theta^{\dagger i}(t) of hard particle taking into account the soft fermion degree of freedom of the system are suggested. On the basis of these equations and the Blaizot-Iancu equations iterative procedure of calculation of effective currents and sources generating the scattering processes under consideration is defined and their form up to third order in powers of free soft quark field, soft gluon one, and initial values of the color charges of hard particle is explicitly calculated. With use of the generalized Tsytovich principle a connection between matrix elements of the scattering processes and the effective currents and sources is established. In the context of the effective theory suggested for soft and hard fermion excitations new mechanisms of energy losses of high-energy parton propagating through QCD-medium are considered.Comment: 85 pages, 15 figures, added new appendix A, section 10 is removed, mistakes, and typing errors are corrected. Version to appear in Nucl. Phys.

    Wave turbulence in Bose-Einstein condensates

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    The kinetics of nonequilibrium Bose-Einstein condensates are considered within the framework of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. A systematic derivation is given for weak small-scale perturbations of a steady confined condensate state. This approach combines a wavepacket WKB description with the weak turbulence theory. The WKB theory derived in this paper describes the effect of the condensate on the short-wave excitations which appears to be different from a simple renormalization of the confining potential suggested in previous literature.Comment: 33 pages 2 figure

    Coexistence of Weak and Strong Wave Turbulence in a Swell Propagation

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    By performing two parallel numerical experiments -- solving the dynamical Hamiltonian equations and solving the Hasselmann kinetic equation -- we examined the applicability of the theory of weak turbulence to the description of the time evolution of an ensemble of free surface waves (a swell) on deep water. We observed qualitative coincidence of the results. To achieve quantitative coincidence, we augmented the kinetic equation by an empirical dissipation term modelling the strongly nonlinear process of white-capping. Fitting the two experiments, we determined the dissipation function due to wave breaking and found that it depends very sharply on the parameter of nonlinearity (the surface steepness). The onset of white-capping can be compared to a second-order phase transition. This result corroborates with experimental observations by Banner, Babanin, Young.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figures, Submitted in Phys. Rev. Letter

    Bright solitons in Bose-Fermi mixtures

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    We consider the formation of bright solitons in a mixture of Bose and Fermi degenerate gases confined in a three-dimensional elongated harmonic trap. The Bose and Fermi atoms are assumed to effectively attract each other whereas bosonic atoms repel each other. Strong enough attraction between bosonic and fermionic components can change the character of the interaction within the bosonic cloud from repulsive to attractive making thus possible the generation of bright solitons in the mixture. On the other hand, such structures might be in danger due to the collapse phenomenon existing in attractive gases. We show, however, that under some conditions (defined by the strength of the Bose-Fermi components attraction) the structures which neither spread nor collapse can be generated. For elongated enough traps the formation of solitons is possible even at the ``natural'' value of the mutual Bose-Fermi (87^{87}Rb -40^{40}K in our case) scattering length.Comment: 6 pages, 6 figures, 1 tabl
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