17,132 research outputs found

    Polarization effects for pair creation by photon in oriented crystals at high energy

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    Pair creation by a photon in an oriented crystal is considered in a frame of the quasiclassical operator method, which includes processes with polarized particles. Under some quite generic assumptions the general expression is derived for the probability of pair creation of longitudinally polarized electron (positron) by circularly polarized photon in oriented crystal. In particular cases ŌĎ0‚Č™V0/m\vartheta_0 \ll V_0/m and ŌĎ0‚ČęV0/m\vartheta_0 \gg V_0/m (ŌĎ0\vartheta_0 is the angle of incidence, angle between the momentum of initial photon and axis (plane) of crystal, V0V_0 is the scale of a potential of axis or a plane relative to which the angle ŌĎ0\vartheta_0 is defined) one has constant field approximation and the coherent pair production theory correspondingly. Side by side with coherent process the probability of incoherent pair creation is calculated, which differs essentially from amorphous one. At high energy the pair creation in oriented crystals is strongly enhanced comparing with amorphous medium. In appendixes the integral polarization of positron is found in external field and for coherent and incoherent mechanisms.Comment: 24 pages, 4 figure

    On propagation of high-energy photon in a medium in presence of an external field

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    The polarization tensor is calculated which originates from interaction of a photon with the electron-positron field. The effects of multiple scattering of electrons and positrons in a medium side by side with an external field are included. The corresponding general representation of polarization tensor is found in the form of two-dimentional integral. The both effects may be essential for propagation of high-energy photons in oriented single crystals.Comment: 12 pages, 1 figur

    Spectrum and polarization of coherent and incoherent radiation and the LPM effect in oriented single crystal

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    The spectrum and the circular polarization of radiation from longitudinally polarized high-energy electrons in oriented single crystal are considered using the method which permits inseparable consideration of both the coherent and the incoherent mechanisms of photon emission. The spectral and polarization properties of radiation are obtained and analyzed. It is found that in some part of spectral distribution the influence of multiple scattering (the Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal (LPM) effect) attains the order of 7 percent. The same is true for the influence of multiple scattering on the polarization part of the radiation intensity. The degree of circular polarization of total intensity of radiation is found. It is shown that the influence of multiple scattering on the photon polarization is similar to the influence of the LPM effect on the total intensity of radiation: it appears only for relatively low energies of radiating electron and has the order of 1 percent, while at higher energies the crystal field action excludes the LPM effect.Comment: 13 pages, 7 figure

    Coherent and incoherent pair creation by a photon in oriented single crystal

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    The new approach is developed for study of electron-positron pair production by a photon in oriented single crystal. It permits indivisible consideration of both coherent and incoherent mechanisms of pair creation and includes the action of field of axis (or plane) as well as the multiple scattering of particles of the created pair (the Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal (LPM) effect). From obtained integral probability of pair creation, it follows that multiple scattering appears only for relatively low energy of photon, while at higher photon energy the field action excludes the LPM effect. The found results agree quite satisfactory with recent CERN experiment.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figure

    Pair creation by a photon in an electric field

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    The process of pair creation by a photon in a constant and homogeneous electric field is investigated basing on the polarization operator in the field. The total probability of the process is found in a relatively simple form. At high energy the quasiclassical approximation is valid. The corrections to the standard quasiclassical approximation (SQA) are calculated. In the region relatively low photon energies, where SQA is unapplicable, the new approximation is used. It is shown that in this energy interval the probability of pair creation by a photon in electric field exceeds essentially the corresponding probability in a magnetic field. This approach is valid at the photon energy much larger than "vacuum" energy in electric field: ŌČ‚ČęeE/m\omega\gg eE/m. For smaller photon energies the low energy approximation is developed. At ŌČ‚Č™eE/m\omega\ll eE/m the found probability describes the absorption of soft photon by the particles created by an electric field.Comment: 15 pages, 6 figure

    Quantum theory of transition radiation and transition pair creation

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    Theory of the transition radiation and the transition pair creation is developed in the frame of QED. The spectral-angular distributions of probability of the transition radiation and of the transition pair creation are found. The total energy losses of and the total probability of pair creation are calculated and analyzed. Features of radiation and pair creation processes in a superdence medium (typical for white dwarfs) are discussed.Comment: LaTeX, 12 pages, 3 eps figure

    On the string-inspired approach to QED in external field

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    Strassler's formulation of the string-derived Bern-Kosower formalism is extended to consider QED processes in homogeneous constant external field. A compact expression for the contribution of the one-loop with arbitrary number of external photon lines is given for scalar QED. Extension to spinor QED is shortly discussed.Comment: 14 pages,Revtex,no figure

    Pair creation by a photon in a strong magnetic field

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    The process of pair creation by a photon in a strong magnetic field is investigated basing on the polarization operator in the field. The total probability of the process is found in a relatively simple form. The probability exhibits a "saw-tooth" pattern because of divergences arising when the electron and positron are created at threshold of the Landau energy levels. The pattern will be washed out at averaging over any smooth photon energy distribution. The new results are obtained in the scope of the quasiclassical approach: 1) in the case when the magnetic field B‚Č™B0,(B0B \ll B_0, (B_0 is the critical field) the new formulation extends the photon energy interval to the case when the created particles are not ultrarelativistic; 2) the correction to the standard quasiclassical approximation is found showing the range of applicability of the approach at high photon energy as well. The very important conclusion is that for both cases B‚Č™B0B \ll B_0 and B‚Č•B0B \geq B_0 the results of the quasiclassical calculation are very close to averaged probabilities of exact theory in a very wide range of photon energies. The quasiclassical approximation is valid also for the energy distribution if the electron and positron are created on enough high levels.Comment: 21 pages, 6 figure

    Gluon Radiation off Hard Quarks in a Nuclear Environment: Opacity Expansion

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    We study the relation between the Baier-Dokshitzer-Mueller-Peigne-Schiff (BDMPS) and Zakharov formalisms for medium-induced gluon radiation off hard quarks, and the radiation off very few scattering centers. Based on the non-abelian Furry approximation for the motion of hard partons in a spatially extended colour field, we derive a compact diagrammatic and explicitly colour trivial expression for the N-th order term of the kt-differential gluon radiation cross section in an expansion in the opacity of the medium. Resumming this quantity to all orders in opacity, we obtain Zakharov's path-integral expression (supplemented with a regularization prescription). This provides a new proof of the equivalence of the BDMPS and Zakharov formalisms which extends previous arguments to the kt-differential cross section. We give explicit analytical results up to third order in opacity for both the gluon radiation cross section of free incoming and of in-medium produced quarks. The N-th order term in the opacity expansion of the radiation cross section is found to be a convolution of the radiation associated to N-fold rescattering and a readjustment of the probabilities that rescattering occurs with less than N scattering centers. Both informations can be disentangled by factorizing out of the radiation cross section a term which depends only on the mean free path of the projectile. This allows to infer analytical expressions for the totally coherent and totally incoherent limits of the radiation cross section to arbitrary orders in opacity.Comment: 22 pages, LaTeX, eps-figures included, typos corrected, Comment on (5.13) added, to appear in NP

    How does transverse (hydrodynamic) flow affect jet-broadening and jet-quenching ?

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    We give the modification of formulas for p‚ä•p_{\perp}-broadening and energy loss which are necessary to calculate parton interactions in a medium with flow. Arguments are presented leading to the conclusion that for large p‚ä•p_{\perp}-spectra observed in heavy ion collisions at RHIC, the influence of transverse flow on the determination of the "quenching power" of the produced medium is small. This leaves open the question of the interpretation of data in a consistent perturbative framework.Comment: 8 pages and 4 figures; version v2 includes more consistent notations and correction of fig.2; version v3 contains a misprint correction, an added sentence in section 3C and in the Introduction as well as in section 4 a rephrasing of comments about references [31,32,35
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