2,832 research outputs found

    Jet Physics in Heavy Ion Collisions with Compact Muon Solenoid detector at the LHC

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    The status of CMS jet simulations and physics analysis in heavy ion collisions is presented. Jet reconstruction and high transverse momentum particle tracking in the high multiplicity environment of heavy ion collisions at the LHC using the CMS calorimetry and tracking system are described. The Monte Carlo tools used to simulate jet quenching are discussed.Comment: Talk given at 5th International Conference on Physics and Astrophysics of Quark Gluon Plasma, Salt Lake City, Kolkata, India, February 8-12, 2005; 4 pages including 4 figures as EPS-files; prepared using LaTeX package for Journal of Physics

    Hard probes in heavy ion collisions at the LHC: heavy flavour physics

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    We present the results from the heavy quarks and quarkonia working group. This report gives benchmark heavy quark and quarkonium cross sections for pppp and pApA collisions at the LHC against which the AAAA rates can be compared in the study of the quark-gluon plasma. We also provide an assessment of the theoretical uncertainties in these benchmarks. We then discuss some of the cold matter effects on quarkonia production, including nuclear absorption, scattering by produced hadrons, and energy loss in the medium. Hot matter effects that could reduce the observed quarkonium rates such as color screening and thermal activation are then discussed. Possible quarkonium enhancement through coalescence of uncorrelated heavy quarks and antiquarks is also described. Finally, we discuss the capabilities of the LHC detectors to measure heavy quarks and quarkonia as well as the Monte Carlo generators used in the data analysis.Comment: 126 pages Latex; 96 figures included. Subgroup report, to appear in the CERN Yellow Book of the workshop: Hard Probes in Heavy Ion Collisions at the LHC. See also http://a.home.cern.ch/f/frixione/www/hvq.html for a version with better quality for a few plot

    Observation of exotic meson production in the reaction π−p→ηâ€Čπ−p \pi^{-} p \to \eta^{\prime} \pi^- p at 18 GeV/c

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    An amplitude analysis of an exclusive sample of 5765 events from the reaction π−p→ηâ€Čπ−p\pi^{-} p \to \eta^{\prime} \pi^- p at 18 GeV/c is described. The ηâ€Čπ−\eta^{\prime} \pi^- production is dominated by natural parity exchange and by three partial waves: those with JPC=1−+,2++,J^{PC} = 1^{-+}, 2^{++}, and 4++4^{++}. A mass-dependent analysis of the partial-wave amplitudes indicates the production of the a2(1320)a_2(1320) meson as well as the a4(2040)a_4(2040) meson, observed for the first time decaying to ηâ€Čπ−\eta^{\prime}\pi^-. The dominant, exotic (non-qqˉ)q\bar{q}) 1−+1^{-+} partial wave is shown to be resonant with a mass of 1.597±0.010−0.010+0.0451.597 \pm 0.010^{+0.045}_{-0.010} GeV/c^2 and a width of 0.340±0.040±0.0500.340 \pm 0.040 \pm 0.050 GeV/c^2 . This exotic state, the π1(1600)\pi_1(1600), is produced with a tt dependence which is different from that of the a2(1320)a_2(1320) meson, indicating differences between the production mechanisms for the two states.Comment: 5 pages with 4 figure

    A partial wave analysis of the π0π0\pi ^0\pi ^0 system produced in π−p\pi ^-p charge exchange collisions

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    A partial wave analysis of the of the π0π0\pi ^0\pi ^0 system produced in the charge exchange reaction: π−p→π0π0n\pi ^-p\to \pi ^0\pi ^0n at an incident momentum of 18.3GeV/c18.3 GeV/c is presented as a function of π0π0{\pi ^0\pi ^0} invariant mass, mπ0π0m_{\pi^0\pi^0}, and momentum transfer squared, ∣t∣| {t} |, from the incident π−\pi^- to the outgoing π0π0{\pi ^0\pi ^0} system.Comment: 24 pages total,8 pages text, 14 figures, 1 table. Submitted to Phys Rev

    Evidence for Exotic J^{PC}=1^{-+} Meson Production in the Reaction pi- p --> eta pi- p at 18 GeV/c

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    Details of the analysis of the eta pi- system studied in the reaction pi^{-} p --> eta pi^{-} p at 18 GeV/c are given. Separate analyses for the 2 gamma and pi+ pi- pi0 decay modes of the eta are presented. An amplitude analysis of the data indicates the presence of interference between the a(2)(1320)- and a J^{PC}=1^{-+} wave between 1.2 and 1.6 GeV/c^2. The phase difference between these waves shows phase motion not attributable solely to the a(2)(1320)-. The data can be fitted by interference between the a(2)(1320)- and an exotic 1^{-+} resonance with M = 1370 +-16 +50 -30} MeV/c^2 and Gamma = 385 +- 40 +65 -105 MeV/c^2. Our results are compared with those of other experiments.Comment: 50 pages of text and 34 figure

    Debugging Data Transfers in CMS

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    The CMS experiment at CERN is preparing for LHC data taking in severalcomputing preparation activities. In early 2007 a traffic load generator infrastructure for distributed data transfer tests was designed and deployed to equip the WLCG tiers which support the CMS virtual organization with a means for debugging, load-testing and commissioning data transfer routes among CMS computing centres. The LoadTest is based upon PhEDEx as a reliable, scalable data set replication system. The Debugging Data Transfers (DDT) task force was created to coordinate the debugging of the data transfer links. The task force aimed to commission most crucial transfer routes among CMS tiers by designing and enforcing a clear procedure to debug problematic links. Such procedure aimed to move a link from a debugging phase in a separate and independent environment to a production environment when a set of agreed conditions are achieved for that link. The goal was to deliver one by one working transfer routes to the CMS data operations team. The preparation, activities and experience of the DDT task force within the CMS experiment are discussed. Common technical problems and challenges encountered during the lifetime of the taskforce in debugging data transfer links in CMS are explained and summarized

    Search for the standard model Higgs boson in the H to ZZ to 2l 2nu channel in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

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    A search for the standard model Higgs boson in the H to ZZ to 2l 2nu decay channel, where l = e or mu, in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is presented. The data were collected at the LHC, with the CMS detector, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.6 inverse femtobarns. No significant excess is observed above the background expectation, and upper limits are set on the Higgs boson production cross section. The presence of the standard model Higgs boson with a mass in the 270-440 GeV range is excluded at 95% confidence level.Comment: Submitted to JHE
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