5,643 research outputs found

    Low energy supersymmetry from R-symmetries

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    In a generic setting of Wess-Zumino models, we prove that the existence of a supersymmetric vacuum with a vanishing superpotential can be a consequence of a continuous or discrete R-symmetry when invariant fields are not less than fields transforming in the same way as the superpotential under the R-symmetry. The realization in string theory is discussed. We show that a rich landscape of low energy supersymmetric vacua can be found in the Type IIB flux compactification setup ready for the KKLT construction of de Sitter vacua in string theory.Comment: 5 pages; v2: typos, add references; v3: major revision, add WCP4 hypersurface example, add references, published versio

    Multi-Messenger Theories of Gauge-Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking

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    We study gauge-mediated theories containing several messengers with the most general SU(5)-invariant mass and supersymmetry-breaking parameters. We show that these theories are predictive, containing only two relevant parameters more than the minimal gauge-mediated model. Hypercharge D-terms can contribute significantly to the right-handed charged sleptons and bring them closer in mass to the left-handed sleptons. The messenger masses must be invariant under either SU(5) or a ``messenger parity" to avoid spontaneous breaking of charge conservation.Comment: 13 pages, 2 figure

    Extracting Supersymmetry-Breaking Effects from Wave-Function Renormalization

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    We show that in theories in which supersymmetry breaking is communicated by renormalizable perturbative interactions, it is possible to extract the soft terms for the observable fields from wave-function renormalization. Therefore all the information about soft terms can be obtained from anomalous dimensions and beta functions, with no need to further compute any Feynman diagram. This method greatly simplifies calculations which are rather involved if performed in terms of component fields. For illustrative purposes we reproduce known results of theories with gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking. We then use our method to obtain new results of phenomenological importance. We calculate the next-to-leading correction to the Higgs mass parameters, the two-loop soft terms induced by messenger-matter superpotential couplings, and the soft terms generated by messengers belonging to vector supermultiplets.Comment: Typos corrected, version to appear in Nucl. Phys.

    A Solution to the ÎĽ\mu Problem in Gauge-mediated Supersymmetry-breaking Models

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    We point out that a sector required to set the cosmological constant to zero in gauge-mediated supersymmetry-breaking models naturally produces a supersymmetry-invariant mass (ÎĽ\mu term) for Higgs doublets of the order of the electroweak scale. Since this new sector preserves the supersymmetry, it does not generate supersymmetry-breaking masses for the Higgs doublets and thus the ÎĽ\mu problem is solved.Comment: Latex fil

    Inflation and the Nature of Supersymmetry Breaking

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    The scale at which supersymmetry is broken and the mechanism by which supersymmetry breaking is fed down to the observable sector has rich implications on the way Nature may have chosen to accomplish inflation. We discuss a simple model for slow rollover inflation which is minimal in the sense that the inflaton may be identified with the field responsible for the generation of the ÎĽ\mu-term. Inflation takes place at very late times and is characterized by a very low reheating temperature. This property is crucial to solve the gravitino problem and may help to ameliorate the cosmological moduli problem. The COBE normalized value of the vacuum energy driving inflation is naturally of the order of 101110^{11} GeV. This favors the N=1 supergravity scenario where supersymmetry breaking is mediated by gravitational interactions. Nonetheless, smaller values of the vacuum energy are not excluded by present data on the temperature anisotropy and the inflationary scenario may be implemented in the context of new recent ideas about gauge mediation where the standard model gauge interactions can serve as the messangers of supersymmetry breaking. In this class of models supersymmetry breaking masses are usually prop ortional to the F-term of a gauge singlet superfield. The same F-term may provide the vacuum energy density necessary to drive inflation. The spectrum of density perturbations is characterized by a spectral index which is significantly displaced from one. The measurements of the temperature anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background radiation at the accuracy expected to result from the planned missions will be able to confirm or disprove this prediction and to help in getting some deeper insight into the nature of supersymmetry breaking.Comment: 25 pages, LaTeX fil

    Renormalization of Higher Derivative Operators in the Matrix Model

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    MM-theory is believed to be described in various dimensions by large NN field theories. It has been further conjectured that at finite NN, these theories describe the discrete light cone quantization (DLCQ) of MM theory. Even at low energies, this is not necessarily the same thing as the DLCQ of supergravity. It is believed that this is only the case for quantities which are protected by non-renormalization theorems. In 0+1 and 1+1 dimensions, we provide further evidence of a non-renormalization theorem for the v4v^4 terms, but also give evidence that there are not such theorems at order v8v^8 and higher.Comment: 14 pages latex. Note added in light of recent development

    Enhanced Symmetries and the Ground State of String Theory

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    The ground state of string theory may lie at a point of ``maximally enhanced symmetry", at which all of the moduli transform under continuous or discrete symmetries. This hypothesis, along with the hypotheses that the theory at high energies has N=1 supersymmetry and that the gauge couplings are weak and unified, has definite consequences for low energy physics. We describe these, and offer some suggestions as to how these assumptions might be compatible.Comment: harvmac, 18 page
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