202,646 research outputs found

    Significance of the direct relaxation process in the low-energy spin dynamics of a one-dimensional ferrimagnet NiCu(C_7H_6N_2O_6)(H_2O)_3 2H_2O

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    In response to recent nuclear-magnetic-resonance measurements on a ferrimagnetic chain compound NiCu(C_7H_6N_2O_6)(H_2O)_3 2H_2O [Solid State Commun. {\bf 113} (2000) 433], we calculate the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T_1 in terms of a modified spin-wave theory. Emphasizing that the dominant relaxation mechanism arises from the direct (single-magnon) process rather than the Raman (two-magnon) one, we explain the observed temperature and applied-field dependences of 1/T_1. Ferrimagnetic relaxation phenomena are generally discussed and novel ferrimagnets with extremely slow dynamics are predicted.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figures embedded, Solid State Commun. 117, No. 1 (2000

    Determination of Electrical Parameters for Skin during Galvanic Skin Reflex from Continuous Measurement

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    Skin impedance satisfies the Cole-Cole arc's law. The change of skin impedance during GSR (Galvanic Skin Reflex) can be expressed by the change of equivalent parallel resistance approximately. Using these characteristics, the complicated change of skin impedance during GSR can be determined continuously from the measurement value in one frequency point

    Ground-state properties of a Peierls-Hubbard triangular prism

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    Motivated by recent chemical attempts at assembling halogen-bridged transition-metal complexes within a nanotube, we model and characterize a platinum-halide triangular prism in terms of a Peierls-Hubbard Hamiltonian. Based on a group-theoretical argument, we reveal a variety of valence arrangements, including heterogeneous or partially metallic charge-density-wave states. Quantum and thermal phase competitions are numerically demonstrated with particular emphasis on novel insulator-to-metal and insulator-to-insulator transitions under doping, the former of which is of the first order, while the latter of which is of the second order.Comment: 9 pages, 7 figures. to be published in J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. Vol. 79, No.

    Photoinduced infrared absorption of quasi-one-dimensional halogen-bridged binuclear transition-metal complexes

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    We investigate the optical conductivity of photogenerated solitons in quasi-one-dimensional halogen-bridged binuclear transition-metal MMX complexes with particular emphasis on a comparison among the three distinct groups: A_4_[Pt_2_(P_2_O_5_H_2_)_4_X]nH_2_O (X=Cl,Br,I; A=Na,K,NH_4_,...), Pt_2_(RCS_2_)_4_I (R=C_n_H_2n+1_) and Ni_2_(CH_3_CS_2_)_4_I, which exhibit a mixed-valent ground state with the X sublattice dimerized, that with the M_2_ sublattice dimerized and a Mott-Hubbard magnetic ground state, respectively. Soliton-induced absorption spectra for A_4_[Pt_2_(P_2_O_5_H_2_)_4_X]nH_2_O should split into two bands, while that for Pt_2_(RCS_2_)_4_I and Ni_2_(CH_3_CS_2_)_4_I should consist of a single band. The excitonic effect is significant in Ni_2_(CH_3_CS_2_)_4_I.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Nuclear spin relaxation in ordered bimetallic chain compounds

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    A theoretical interpretation is given to recent proton spin relaxation-time (T_1) measurements on NiCu(C_7H_6N_2O_6)(H_2O)_3\cdot2H_2O, which is an ideal one-dimensional ferrimagnetic Heisenberg model system of alternating spins 1 and 1/2. The relaxation rate T_1^{-1} is formulated in temrs of the spin-wave theory and is evaluated by the use of a quantum Monte Carlo method. Calculations of the temperature and applied-field (H) dependences of T_1^{-1} are in total agreement with the experimental findings. T_1 behaves as T11H1/2T_1^{-1}\propto H^{-1/2}, which turns out an indirect observation of the quadratic dispersion relations dominating the low-energy physics of quantum ferrimagnets.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures embedded, to appear in Phys. Lett.

    Measurement of Emotional Response by Similarity in Patterns of Galvanic Skin Reflex

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    There is no doubt that many people feel the peace of mind or the pleasures of senses in appreciating music. But the estimation of the effect is very difficult and the objective estimation can be hardly done. This study proposed the objective estimating method of human emotion utilizing galvanic skin reflex (GSR) which reflects a human psychological activity. In this method, not by individual response, but by the series of response and pattern of appearance of GSR, the emotional response under appreciating music was investigated. In the case of appreciation of the same classic music to several subjects, the individual GSR responses are random and remarkable characteristic could not be find on the results. However, on the patterns of appearance of GSR, the patterns obtaining from the same generation are much similar each other and the patterns obtaining from different generation are less similar. It was cleared that the same music gave different effect on different generations