5,279 research outputs found

    Geochemistry of metabasites and gabbroic rocks from the Tepla-Domazlice zone.

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    Various amphibolites, metagabbros and eclogitic relics of the Mariimske Lazne complex, and amphibolites from the Cerna Hora Massif exhibit an uniform geochemical character which compares well with modern mid-ocean ridge basalts. Geochemically these metabasites are similar to the amphibolites of the My to area and to schistose. partly striped amphibolites of the neighbouring Tirschenreuth-Mahring Zone and the Erbendorf-Vohenstrauss Zone (Bavaria). Greenschists and amphibolites from the Domailice metamorphic complex show an alkaline-basaltic tendency conforming to modern within-plate basalts or basalts from anomalous midocean ridge segments. In their chemical character, these metabasites compare well with the flaseramphibolites of the Erbendorf-Vohenstrauss Zone. Fine-grained amphibolites in the Warzenrieth area and gabbroic amphiboltes in the Blatterberg-Hoher Bogen area show normal MORB character. The metamorphosed gabbroic rocks in the southern part of the Neukirchen-Kdyne (meta-) igneous complex are subalkaline-tholeiitic and exhibit a magmatic differentiation trend. They differ from the neighbouring amphibolites by generally lower contents of incompatible elements

    Strain-induced magnetic phase transition in SrCoO3δ_{3-\delta} thin films

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    It has been well established that both in bulk at ambient pressure and for films under modest strains, cubic SrCoO3δ_{3-\delta} (δ<0.2\delta < 0.2) is a ferromagnetic metal. Recent theoretical work, however, indicates that a magnetic phase transition to an antiferromagnetic structure could occur under large strain accompanied by a metal-insulator transition. We have observed a strain-induced ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic phase transition in SrCoO3δ_{3-\delta} films grown on DyScO3_3 substrates, which provide a large tensile epitaxial strain, as compared to ferromagnetic films under lower tensile strain on SrTiO3_3 substrates. Magnetometry results demonstrate the existence of antiferromagnetic spin correlations and neutron diffraction experiments provide a direct evidence for a G-type antiferromagnetic structure with Ne\'el temperatures between TN135±10KT_N \sim 135\,\pm\,10\,K and 325±10K\sim 325\,\pm\,10\,K depending on the oxygen content of the samples. Therefore, our data experimentally confirm the predicted strain-induced magnetic phase transition to an antiferromagnetic state for SrCoO3δ_{3-\delta} thin films under large epitaxial strain.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figure

    A new complimentary web-based tool for manual analysis of microcirculation videos: validation of the capillary mapper against the current gold standard AVA 3.2

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    OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to compare a newly developed web-based freely accessible software program for manual analysis of the microcirculation, the Capillary Mapper (CM), with AVA 3.2 software (AVA; MicroVision Medical B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands), which is the current gold standard for analysis of microcirculation videos. METHODS: A web-based software program was developed, which enables manual analysis of videos of the microcirculation to be carried out according to recommendations of the 2018 consensus conference. A set of 50 high quality microcirculation videos was analyzed with AVA and CM with respect to total vessel density, perfused vessel density, proportion of perfused vessels, and the microvascular flow index. RESULTS: Comparison of the mean values derived from manual analysis with CM and AVA revealed no significant differences in microcirculatory variables. Analysis according to Bland and Altman revealed an acceptable bias between manual analysis with the CM and AVA for all variables tested with sufficient limits of agreement. The analysis of intraclass correlation showed "excellent" agreement for all microcirculatory variables analyzed. CONCLUSIONS: The newly developed CM was successfully validated for manual analyses of microcirculation videos against the current gold standard, the software AVA 3.2

    Методика проектирования и технологическая схема повторной ликвидации наклонных стволов закрытых угольных шахт

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    На основе аналитических и технологических исследований разработаны методика проектирования и технологическая схема повторной ликвидации наклонных выработок закрытых шахт способом тампонажа ресурсосберегающими безусадочными смесями. Технология позволяет обеспечить геомеханическую устойчивость породного массива

    Application of Fluid-Structure Coupling to Predict the Dynamic Behavior of Turbine Components

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    In hydro turbine design, fluid-structure interaction (FSI) may play an important role. Examples are flow induced inertia and damping effects, vortex induced vibrations in the lock-in vicinity, or hydroelastic instabilities of flows in deforming gaps (e.g. labyrinth seals). In contrast to aeroelasticity, hydroelastic systems require strongly (iteratively) coupled or even monolithic solution procedures, since the fluid mass which is moving with the structure (added-mass effect) is much higher and changes the dynamic behavior of submerged structures considerably. Depending on the mode shape, natural frequencies of a turbine runner in water may be reduced to less than 40% of the natural frequency in air, and flow induced damping effects may become one or two orders of magnitude higher than structural damping. In order to reduce modeling effort and calculation time, the solution strategy has to be adapted precisely to a given application. Hence, depending on the problem to solve, different analysis procedures may apply. Examples are the calculation of natural frequencies and response spectra in water using an acoustic fluid formulation, the determination of flow induced damping effects by means of partitioned FSI including complex turbulent flows, and the identification of hydroelastic instabilities using monolithic coupling of non-linear structural dynamics and water flow

    Casting of Gold Nanoparticles with High Aspect Ratios inside DNA Molds

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    DNA nanostructures provide a powerful platform for the programmable assembly of nanomaterials. Here this approach is extended to synthesize rod-like gold nanoparticles in a full DNA controlled manner. The approach is based on DNA molds containing elongated cavities. Gold is deposited inside the molds using a seeded-growth procedure. By carefully exploring the growth parameters it is shown that gold nanostructures with aspect ratios of up to 7 can be grown from single seeds. The highly anisotropic growth is in this case controlled only by the rather soft and porous DNA walls. The optimized seeded growth procedure provides a robust and simple routine to achieve continuous gold nanostructures using DNA templating

    Simulating the LOcal Web (SLOW) -- III: Synchrotron Emission from the Local Cosmic Web

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    Aims: Detecting diffuse synchrotron emission from the cosmic web is still a challenge for current radio telescopes. We aim to make predictions for the detectability of cosmic web filaments from simulations. Methods: We present the first cosmological MHD simulation of a 500 h1ch^{-1} cMpc volume with an on-the-fly spectral cosmic ray (CR) model. This allows us to follow the evolution of populations of CR electrons and protons within every resolution element of the simulation. We model CR injection at shocks, while accounting for adiabatic changes to the CR population and high energy loss processes of electrons. The synchrotron emission is then calculated from the aged electron population, using the simulated magnetic field, as well as different models for origin and amplification of magnetic fields. We use constrained initial conditions, which closely resemble the local Universe and compare the results of the cosmological volume to zoom-in simulation of the Coma cluster, to study the impact of resolution and turbulent re-acceleration of CRs on the results. Results: We find consistent injection of CRs at accretion shocks onto cosmic web filaments and galaxy clusters. This leads to diffuse emission from filaments of the order Sν0.1μS_\nu \approx 0.1 \: \muJy beam1^{-1} for a potential LOFAR observation at 144 MHz, when assuming the most optimistic magnetic field model and the inclusion of an on-the-fly treatment of re-acceleration of electrons by turbulence. The flux can be increased by up-to two orders of magnitude for different choices of CR injection parameters. This can bring the flux within a factor of 10 of the current limits for direct detection. We find a spectral index of the simulated synchrotron emission from filaments of {\alpha} {\approx} 1.0 - 1.5.Comment: 23 pages, 12 figures, submitted to A&A. Comments welcome

    Natural frequencies of rotating disk-like structures submerged viewed from the stationary frame

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    To understand the effect of rotation in the dynamic response of pump-turbine runners, simplified models such as disk-like structures can be used. In previous researches the natural frequencies and mode shapes of rotating disk-like structures submerged and confined have been analysed from the rotating frame. Nevertheless to measure these parameters experimentally from the rotating point of view can be a difficult task, since sensors have to withstand with large forces and dynamic loads. In this paper the dynamic response of rotating disk-like structures is analysed from the stationary frame. For this purpose an experimental test rig has been used. It consists on a disk confined that rotates inside a tank. The disk is excited with a PZT attached on it and the response is measured from both rotating frame (with miniature accelerometers) and from the stationary frame (with a Laser Doppler Vibrometer). In this way the natural frequencies and mode shapes of the rotating structure can be determined from the stationary reference frame. The transmission from the rotating to the stationary frame is compared for the case that the rotating structure rotates in a low density medium (air) and in a high density medium (water).Peer ReviewedPostprint (author's final draft