396 research outputs found

    Macroscopic superstrings as interpolating solitons

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    It is known that, in string sigma-model metric, the `extreme' fivebrane solution of D=10 supergravity interpolates between D=10 Minkowski spacetime and a supersymmetric S3S^3 compactification to a linear dilaton vacuum. We show here that, in {\it fivebrane} sigma-model metric, the extreme string solution of D=10 supergravity interpolates between Minkowski spacetime and a hitherto unknown supersymmetric S7S^7 compactification of d=10 supergravity to a three-dimensional anti-de Sitter generalization of the linear dilaton vacuum, which may be invariantly characterized in terms of conformal Killing vectors. The dilaton field diverges near the string core but this divergence may be eliminated by re-interpreting the string solution as the extreme membrane solution of 11-dimensional supergravity. We show that the latter has an analytic extension through a regular degenerate event horizon to an interior region containing a curvature singularity. We obtain analogous results for other extended object solutions of supergravity theories.Comment: 12 page

    Hodge Duality on the Brane

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    It has been claimed that whereas scalars can be bound to a Randall-Sundrum brane, higher p-form potentials cannot, in contradiction with the Hodge duality between 0-form and 3-form potentials in the five-dimensional bulk. Here we show that a 3-form in the bulk correctly yields a 2-form on the brane, in complete agreement with both bulk and brane duality. We also emphasize that the phenomenon of photon screening in the Randall-Sundrum geometry is ruled out by the bulk Einstein equation.Comment: 6 pages, Latex. We emphasize that the phenomenon of photon screening in the Randall-Sundrum geometry is ruled out by the bulk Einstein equatio

    String and Fivebrane Solitons: Singular or Non-singular?

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    We ask whether the recently discovered superstring and superfivebrane solutions of D=10 supergravity admit the interpretation of non-singular solitons even though, in the absence of Yang-Mills fields, they exhibit curvature singularities at the origin. We answer the question using a test probe/source approach, and find that the nature of the singularity is probe-dependent. If the test probe and source are both superstrings or both superfivebranes, one falls into the other in a finite proper time and the singularity is real, whereas if one is a superstring and the other a superfivebrane it takes an infinite proper time (the force is repulsive!) and the singularity is harmless. Black strings and fivebranes, on the other hand, always display real singularities.Comment: 15 page

    The Coupling of Yang-Mills to Extended Objects

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    The coupling of Yang-Mills fields to the heterotic string in bosonic formulation is generalized to extended objects of higher dimension (p-branes). For odd p, the Bianchi identities obeyed by the field strengths of the (p+1)-forms receive Chern-Simons corrections which, in the case of the 5-brane, are consistent with an earlier conjecture based on string/5-brane duality.Comment: 14 Page

    Complementarity of the Maldacena and Karch-Randall Pictures

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    We perform a one-loop test of the holographic interpretation of the Karch-Randall model, whereby a massive graviton appears on an AdS_4 brane in an AdS_5 bulk. Within the AdS/CFT framework, we examine the quantum corrections to the graviton propagator on the brane, and demonstrate that they induce a graviton mass in exact agreement with the Karch-Randall result. Interestingly enough, at one loop order, the spin 0, spin 1/2 and spin 1 loops contribute to the dynamically generated (mass)^2 in the same 1: 3: 12 ratio as enters the Weyl anomaly and the 1/r^3 corrections to the Newtonian gravitational potential.Comment: 20 pages, Revtex 3, Discussion on the absence of a scalar ghost clarified; Additional details on the computation give

    g=1 for Dirichlet 0-branes

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    Dirichlet 0-branes, considered as extreme Type IIA black holes with spin carried by fermionic hair, are shown to have the anomalous gyromagnetic ratio g=1, consistent with their interpretation as Kaluza-Klein modes.Comment: 13 pages, Late

    Metric and coupling reversal in string theory

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    Invariance under reversing the sign of the metric G_{MN}(x) and/or the sign of the string coupling field H(x), where = g_s, leads to four possible Universes denoted 1,I,J,K according as (G,H) goes to (G,H), (-G,H), (-G,-H), (G,-H), respectively. Universe 1 is described by conventional string/M theory and contains all M, D, F and NS branes. Universe I contains only D(-1), D3 and D7. Universe J contains only D1, D5, D9 and Type I. Universe K contains only F1 and NS5 of IIB and Heterotic SO(32).Comment: LaTeX, 27 pages; v2: New results on Green-Schwarz corrections; transformation rules for axions; corrected F-theory treatment; other minor additions and correction

    The World in Eleven Dimensions

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    A unified theory embracing all physical phenomena is a major goal of theoretical physics. In the early 1980s, many physicists looked to eleven-dimensional supergravity in the hope that it might provide that elusive superunified theory. In 1984 supergravity was knocked off its pedestal by ten-dimensional superstrings, one-dimensional objects whose

    The Octonionic Membrane

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    We generalize the supermembrane solution of D=11 supergravity by permitting the 4-form GG to be either self-dual or anti-self-dual in the eight dimensions transverse to the membrane. After analyzing the supergravity field equations directly, and also discussing necessary conditions for unbroken supersymmetry, we focus on two specific, related solutions. The self-dual solution is not asymptotically flat. The anti-self-dual solution is asymptotically flat, has finite mass per unit area and saturates the same mass=charge Bogomolnyi bound as the usual supermembrane. Nevertheless, neither solution preserves any supersymmetry. Both solutions involve the octonionic structure constants but, perhaps surprisingly, they are unrelated to the octonionic instanton 2-form FF, for which TrF∧FTrF \wedge F is neither self-dual nor anti-self-dual.Comment: 17 pages, Latex; enhanced discussion on supersymmetry, some references adde

    Evidence for Heterotic/Heterotic Duality

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    We re-examine the question of heterotic - heterotic string duality in six dimensions and argue that the E8×E8E_8\times E_8 heterotic string, compactified on K3K3 with equal instanton numbers in the two E8E_8's, has a self-duality that inverts the coupling, dualizes the antisymmetric tensor, acts non-trivially on the hypermultiplets, and exchanges gauge fields that can be seen in perturbation theory with gauge fields of a non-perturbative origin. The special role of the symmetric embedding of the anomaly in the two E8E_8's can be seen from field theory considerations or from an eleven-dimensional point of view. The duality can be deduced by looking in two different ways at eleven-dimensional MM-theory compactified on K3×S1/Z2K3\times {\bf S}^1/\Z_2.Comment: 36 pages, LaTe
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