75,074 research outputs found

    The Unified Segment Tree and its Application to the Rectangle Intersection Problem

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    In this paper we introduce a variation on the multidimensional segment tree, formed by unifying different interpretations of the dimensionalities of the data structure. We give some new definitions to previously well-defined concepts that arise naturally in this variation, and we show some properties concerning the relationships between the nodes, and the regions those nodes represent. We think these properties will enable the data to be utilized in new situations, beyond those previously studied. As an example, we show that the data structure can be used to solve the Rectangle Intersection Problem in a more straightforward and natural way than had be done in the past.Comment: 14 pages, 6 figure

    Extended Uncertainty Principle for Rindler and cosmological horizons

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    We find exact formulas for the Extended Uncertainty Principle (EUP) for the Rindler and Friedmann horizons and show that they can be expanded to obtain asymptotic forms known from the previous literature. We calculate the corrections to Hawking temperature and Bekenstein entropy of a black hole in the universe due to Rindler and Friedmann horizons. The effect of the EUP is similar to the canonical corrections of thermal fluctuations and so it rises the entropy signalling further loss of information.Comment: 7 pages, 6 figures, REVTEX 4.1, minor changes, refs update

    Parthenogenetic populations can remain stable in spite of high mutation rate and random drift

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    Magnets position X-ray film for weld inspection

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    Film-positioning device uses magnets to hold X ray film for weld inspection in nonferrous structures, such as tanks, where access to interior points is difficult

    Fermions in the pseudoparticle approach

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    The pseudoparticle approach is a numerical technique to compute path integrals without discretizing spacetime. The basic idea is to integrate over those field configurations, which can be represented by a sum of a fixed number of localized building blocks (pseudoparticles). In a couple of previous papers we have successfully applied the pseudoparticle approach to pure SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. In this work we discuss how to incorporate fermionic fields in the pseudoparticle approach. To test our method, we compute the phase diagram of the 1+1-dimensional Gross-Neveu model in the large-N limit.Comment: 11 pages, 10 figure

    Aggregation of Red Blood Cells: From Rouleaux to Clot Formation

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    Red blood cells are known to form aggregates in the form of rouleaux. This aggregation process is believed to be reversible, but there is still no full understanding on the binding mechanism. There are at least two competing models, based either on bridging or on depletion. We review recent experimental results on the single cell level and theoretical analyses of the depletion model and of the influence of the cell shape on the binding strength. Another important aggregation mechanism is caused by activation of platelets. This leads to clot formation which is life saving in the case of wound healing but also a major cause of death in the case of a thrombus induced stroke. We review historical and recent results on the participation of red blood cells in clot formation
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