393,921 research outputs found

    Linear Relations of High Energy Absorption/Emission Amplitudes of D-brane

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    We calculate the absorption amplitudes of a closed string state at arbitrary mass level leading to two open string states on the D-brane at high energies. As in the case of Domain-wall scattering we studied previously, this process contains only one kinematic variable. However, in contrast to the power-law behavior of Domain-wall scattering, its form factor behaves as exponential fall-off in the high energy limit. After identifying the geometric parameter of the kinematic, we derive the linear relations (of the kinematic variable) and ratios among the high energy amplitudes corresponding to absorption of different closed string states for each fixed mass level by D-brane. This result is consistent with the coexistence of the linear relations and exponential fall-off behavior of high energy string/D-brane amplitudes.Comment: 9 pages,1 figur

    Linear Relations and their Breakdown in High Energy Massive String Scatterings in Compact Spaces

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    We calculate high energy massive scattering amplitudes of closed bosonic string compactified on the torus. For each fixed mass level with given quantized and winding momenta ((m/R),(1/2)nR), we obtain infinite linear relations among high energy scattering amplitudes of different string states. For some kinematic regimes, we discover that linear relations with N_{R}=N_{L} break down and, simultaneously, the amplitudes enhance to power-law behavior instead of the usual expoential fall-off behavior at high energies. It is the space-time T-duality symmetry that plays a role here. This result is consistent with the coexistence of the linear relations and the softer exponential fall-off behavior of high energy string scattering amplitudes as we pointed out prevously. It is also reminiscent of our previous work on the power-law behavior of high energy string/domain-wall scatterings.Comment: 18 pages, 1 figur

    Comment on the Calculation of the Angular Momentum and Mass for the (Anti-) Self Dual Charged Spinning BTZBTZ Black Hole

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    A recent paper [M. Kamata and T. Koikawa, Phys. Lett. {\bf B353} (1995) 196.] claimed to obtain the charged version of the (2+1)(2+1)-dimensional spinning BTZBTZ black hole solution by assuming a (anti-) self dual condition imposed on the electric and magnetic fields. We point out that the angular momentum and mass diverge at spatial infinity and as a consequence the solution is unphysicalComment: 4 pages, Latex, no figures, final version to be publised in Phys. Lett.

    Scatterings of Massive String States from D-brane and Their Linear Relations at High Energies

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    We study scatterings of bosonic massive closed string states at arbitrary mass levels from D-brane. We discover that all the scattering amplitudes can be expressed in terms of the generalized hypergeometric function with special arguments, which terminates to a finite sum and, as a result, the whole scattering amplitudes consistently reduce to the usual beta function. For the simple case of D-particle, we explicitly calculate high-energy limits of a series of the above scattering amplitudes for arbitrary mass levels, and derive infinite linear relations among them for each fixed mass level. The ratios of these high-energy scattering amplitudes are found to be consistent with the decoupling of high-energy zero-norm states of our previous works.Comment: 19 pages, no figure. v2:some minor corrections, refs added. v3:minor changes and final in Nucl.Phys.

    Notes on High Energy Limit of Bosonic Closed String Scattering Amplitudes

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    We study bosonic closed string scattering amplitudes in the high-energy limit. We find that the methods of decoupling of high-energy zero-norm states and the high-energy Virasoro constraints, which were adopted in the previous works to calculate the ratios among high-energy open string scattering amplitudes of different string states, persist for the case of closed string. However, we clarify the previous saddle-point calculation for high-energy open string scattering amplitudes and claim that only (t,u) channel of the amplitudes is suitable for saddle-point calculation. We then discuss three evidences to show that saddle-point calculation for high-energy closed string scattering amplitudes is not reliable. By using the relation of tree-level closed and open string scattering amplitudes of Kawai, Lewellen and Tye (KLT), we calculate the high-energy closed string scattering amplitudes for arbitrary mass levels. For the case of high-energy closed string four-tachyon amplitude, our result differs from the previous one of Gross and Mende, which is NOT consistent with KLT formula, by an oscillating factor.Comment: 14 pages, no figure. Equations and Conclusion adde

    Regge Closed String Scattering and its Implication on Fixed angle Closed String Scattering

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    We calculate the complete closed string high energy scattering amplitudes (HSA) in the Regge regime for arbitrary mass levels. As an application, we deduce the complete ratios among closed string HSA in the fixed angle regime by using Stirling number identities. These results are in contrast with the incomplete set of closed string HSA in the fixed angle regime calculated previously. The complete forms of the fixed angle amplitudes, and hence the ratios, were not calculable previously without the input of zero-norm state calculation. This is mainly due to the lack of saddle point in the fixed angle closed string calculation.Comment: 10 pages. v2: typos correcte

    A class of inflation models with non-minimal coupling

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    We show that the potential of the scalar field in the Einstein frame is flat if the nonminimal coupling term is properly chosen that it satisfies the condition (V(phi)/K^2(phi)-> constant) as phi gets large. The cosmological implication of this theory is studied.Comment: Talk at the international Workshop on e-Science for Physics 2008 during September 8-9, 2008 at Daejeon Convention Center, Daejeon, Kore

    Parkin uses the UPS to ship off dysfunctional mitochondria

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    Parkin is a ubiquitin E3 ligase that is implicated in familial Parkinson disease (PD). Previous studies have established its role in mitophagy, a pathway whereby dysfunctional mitochondria are targeted for autophagic degradation. We recently reported that a major function of Parkin in dysfunctional mitochondria is to activate the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) for proteolysis of multiple outer membrane proteins, and that such activation of the UPS is a critical step in Parkin-mediated mitophagy. Here, we discuss the possible roles of the UPS in mitophagy and the pathogenesis of PD

    High-energy String Scatterings of Compactified Open String

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    We calculate high-energy massive string scattering amplitudes of compactified open string. We derive infinite linear relations, or stringy symmetries, among soft high-energy string scattering amplitudes of different string states in the Gross kinematic regime (GR). In addition, we systematically analyze all hard power-law and soft exponential fall-off regimes of high-energy compactified open string scatterings by comparing the scatterings with their 26D noncompactified counterparts. In particular, we discover the existence of a power-law regime at fixed angle and an exponential fall-off regime at small angle for high-energy compactified open string scatterings. The linear relations break down as expected in all power-law regimes. The analysis can be extended to the high-energy scatterings of the compactified closed string, which corrects and extends the previous results in [28] .Comment: 16 pages, 1 table. v2:typos corrected,references added. v3,v4:Eq.(26) typos. Eq.(27) correcte

    T-Duality and Spinning Solutions in 2 + 1 Gravity

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    Starting with the 2+1 Einstein--Maxwell--Dilaton system with a cosmological constant and assuming two commuting Killing symmetries we derive the corresponding 1+0¤â1+0 \sigma--model. It is shown that, for general values of the coupling parameters, the TT--duality group is SL(2,R)SL(2,R), which coincides with the group of linear coordinate transformations along the Killing orbits. This duality, along with a suitable parameter choice, is applied to obtain some new spinning solutions in the alternative gravity theories: Einstein--Maxwell, Brans--Dicke and Einstein--Maxwell--Dilaton.Comment: 16 pages, LaTex with elsart.sty, no figure
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