319,629 research outputs found

    Remarks on flat and differential K-theory

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    In this note we prove some results in flat and differential KK-theory. The first one is a proof of the compatibility of the differential topological index and the flat topological index by a direct computation. The second one is the explicit isomorphisms between Bunke-Schick differential KK-theory and Freed-Lott differential KK-theory.Comment: 9 pages. Comments are welcome. Final version. To appear in Annales Mathematiques Blaise Pasca

    Prepotential approach to quasinormal modes

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    In this paper we demonstrate how the recently reported exactly and quasi-exactly solvable models admitting quasinormal modes can be constructed and classified very simply and directly by the newly proposed prepotential approach. These new models were previously obtained within the Lie-algebraic approach. Unlike the Lie-algebraic approach, the prepotential approach does not require any knowledge of the underlying symmetry of the system. It treats both quasi-exact and exact solvabilities on the same footing, and gives the potential as well as the eigenfunctions and eigenvalues simultaneously. We also present three new models with quasinormal modes: a new exactly solvable Morse-like model, and two new quasi-exactly solvable models of the Scarf II and generalized P\"oschl-Teller types.Comment: 12 pages, no figure. Typos correcte

    Simple unified derivation and solution of Coulomb, Eckart and Rosen-Morse potentials in prepotential approach

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    The four exactly-solvable models related to non-sinusoidal coordinates, namely, the Coulomb, Eckart, Rosen-Morse type I and II models are normally being treated separately, despite the similarity of the functional forms of the potentials, their eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. Based on an extension of the prepotential approach to exactly and quasi-exactly solvable models proposed previously, we show how these models can be derived and solved in a simple and unified way.Comment: 15 pages, no figure

    Twisted Bundle On Quantum Torus and BPS States in Matrix Theory

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    Following the recent work of Connes, Douglas and Schwarz, we study the M(atrix) model compactified on a torus with a background of the three-form field. This model is given by a super Yang-Mills theory on a quantum torus. To consider twisted gauge field configurations, we construct twisted U(n) bundles on the quantum torus as a deformation of its classical counterpart. By properly taking into account membranes winding around the light-cone direction, we derive from the M(atrix) model the BPS spectrum which respects the full SL(2,Z)*SL(2,Z) U-duality in M theory.Comment: 14 pages, no figure. minor modification mad

    On the sustainability of currency boards : evidence from Argentina and Hong Kong : [Version: September 2008]

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    This paper examines the sustainability of the currency board arrangements in Argentina and Hong Kong. We employ a Markov switching model with two regimes to infer the exchange rate pressure due to economic fundamentals and market expectations. The empirical results suggest that economic fundamentals and expectations are key determinants of a currency board’s sustainability. We also show that the government’s credibility played a more important role in Argentina than in Hong Kong. The trade surplus, real exchange rate and inflation rate were more important drivers of the sustainability of the Hong Kong currency board