14,336 research outputs found

    High-Frequency Quasi-Periodic Oscillations from GRS 1915+105

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    We report the results of a systematic timing analysis of all archival Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) observations of the bright black-hole binary GRS 1915+105 in order to detect high-frequency quasi-periodic oscillations (HFQPO). We produced power-density spectra in two energy bands and limited the analysis to the frequency range 30-1000 Hz. We found 51 peaks with a single trial significance larger than 3 sigma. As all but three have centroid frequencies that are distributed between 63 and 71 Hz, we consider most of them significant regardless of the number of trials involved. The average centroid frequency and FWHM are 67.3 +/- 2.0 Hz and 4.4 +/- 2.4 Hz respectively. Their fractional rms varies between 0.4% and 2% (total band detections) and between 0.5% and 3% (hard ban detections). As GRS 1915+105 shows large variability on time scales longer than 1s, we analysed the data in 16s intervals and found that the detections are limited to a specific region in the colour-colour diagram, corresponding to state B of the source, when the energy spectrum is dominated by a bright accretion disk component. However, the rms spectrum of the HFQPO is very hard and does not show a flattening up to 40 keV, where the fractional rms reaches 11%. We discuss our findings in terms of current proposed models and compare them with the results on other black-hole binaries and neutron-star binaries.Comment: 9 pages, 6 figures, Accepted for publication in MNRA

    Black Hole States: Accretion and Jet Ejection

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    The complex spectral and timing properties of the high-energy emission from the accretion flow in black-hole binaries, together with their strong connection to the ejection of powerful relativistic jets from the system, can be simplified and reduced to four basic states: hard, hard-intermediate, soft-intermediate and soft. Unlike other classifications, these states are based on the presence of sharp state transitions. I summarize this classification and discuss the relation between these states and the physical components contributing to the emitted flux.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures, in "Interacting Binaries: Accretion, Evolution and Outcomes", eds. L. A. Antonelli, et al., Procs. Interacting Binaries Meeting, Cefalu, Italy, June 2004, in press (AIP

    Does GRS 1915+105 exhibit "canonical" black-hole states?

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    We have analysed RXTE data of the superluminal source GRS 1915+105 in order to investigate if, despite its extreme variability, it also exhibits the canonical source states that characterise other black-hole candidates. The phenomenology of GRS 1915+105 has been described in terms of three states (named A, B and C) based on their hardness ratios and position in the colour-colour diagram. We have investigated the connection between these states and the canonical behaviour and found that the shape of the power spectral continuum and the values of the best-fit model parameters to the noise components in all three states indicate that the source shows properties similar to the canonical very high state.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, accepted for publication in A&

    Spectral/timing evolution of black-hole binaries

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    I briefly outline the state-paradigm that has emerged from the study of black-hole binaries with RossiXTE. This is the starting point of a number of studies that address the connection between accretion and jet ejection and the physical nature of the hard spectral components in these systems.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures.To appear in Proceedings of "X-ray Astronomy 2009: Present Status, Multi-Wavelength Approach and Future Perspectives", Bologna, Italy, September 7-11, 2009, AIP, eds. A. Comastri, M. Cappi, and L. Angelin

    On the harmonics of the low-frequency quasi-periodic oscillation in GRS 1915+105

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    GRS 1915+105 is a widely studied black hole binary, well known because of its extremely fast and complex variability. Flaring periods of high variability alternate with "stable" phases (the plateaux) when the flux is low, the spectra are hard and the timing properties of the source are similar to those of a number of black hole candidates in hard spectral state. In the plateaux the power density spectra are dominated by a low frequency quasi periodic oscillation (LFQPO) superposed onto a band limited noise continuum and accompanied by at least one harmonic. In this paper we focus on three plateaux, presenting the analysis of the power density spectra and in particular of the LFQPO and its harmonics. While plotting the LFQPO and all the harmonics together on a frequency-width plane, we found the presence of a positive trend of broadening when the frequency increases. This trend can shed light in the nature of the harmonic content of the LFQPO and challenges the usual interpretation of these timing features.Comment: 10 pages, 8 figures. Accepted for publication in MNRA
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