28,185 research outputs found

    Canciones infantiles y currículo oculto en un aula de jardín de infancia

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    Interpreta el currículo oculto subyacente respecto al uso de canciones en la práctica pedagógica de una docente, para lo cual se identifican las justificaciones del uso de canciones que una docente de jardín de infancia realiza en su práctica pedagógica y el currículo oculto que subyace en el uso de esas canciones. Para este estudio se utilizó el método y enfoque cualitativo de tipo descriptivo de un caso único de una maestra de un aula de jardín de infancia público en el distrito de Pueblo Libre (Lima, Perú). Asimismo, la técnica utilizada fue la entrevista. Por otro lado, este estudio permite develar el currículo oculto en el uso de las canciones, partiendo desde la pedagogía crítica. En ese sentido, se demuestra que toda docente, desde su formación, mantiene un currículo oculto que está presente en todo momento de la jornada escolar sin percatarse que dichas expresiones ocultas pueden reforzar estereotipos sociales, así como las relaciones de poder entre el estudiante y el docente e inclusive entre adulto y niño. Asimismo, las canciones infantiles son enfocadas a la dimensión cognitiva lo cual limita el verdadero valor de estas en sí mismas considerando que el niño por naturaleza es un ser musica

    Concepciones docentes sobre las estrategias de enseñanza de la lectoescritura en estudiantes con dislexia

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    Esta investigación de enfoque cualitativo y de tipo descriptivo, aborda el tema de la dislexia, una dificultad en la adquisición de la lectura y escritura, las cuales son habilidades indispensables en el desarrollo académico y social del estudiante. Si bien es poco estudiada en nuestro país, es esencial que los docentes que enseñan en el nivel primario la conozcan, para brindar una adecuada intervención a través de las estrategias de enseñanza. Por ello, el objetivo general es analizar las concepciones de docentes de primaria sobre las estrategias de enseñanza de la lectoescritura en estudiantes con dislexia. De los objetivos específicos, el primero consiste en: identificar las concepciones que poseen los docentes de educación primaria acerca de la dislexia: Concepto, origen, características, y consecuencias; y el segundo objetivo específico es describir las concepciones de los docentes sobre las acciones de intervención necesarias para atender a estudiantes con dislexia en el aula, específicamente a través de las estrategias de enseñanza. La recolección de información se realizó a través de la aplicación de una encuesta, así como una entrevista a ocho docentes de 3° a 6° grado de educación primaria. Esta investigación mostró que los docentes tienen ideas sobre qué es la dislexia, señalando que es una dificultad en la que se encuentra involucrada la lectura y escritura. Además, la experiencia en talleres es muy relevante, ya que los docentes que participaron de algún taller sobre necesidades educativas especiales son los que poseen mayores conocimientos sobre las estrategias para la enseñanza de la lectoescritura en estudiantes con dislexia. A diferencia de aquellos que no asistieron, quienes conocen algunas estrategias que no son específicas para desarrollar la lectoescritura en estudiantes con esta dificultad. En este sentido, es importante que se continúe investigando acerca de la dislexia con la finalidad de conocer cómo llevan a cabo los docentes las adaptaciones y las estrategias para atender a los estudiantes diagnosticados con esta dificultad.This research presents a qualitative and descriptive approach. The subject of study is dyslexia, a difficulty in the acquisition of reading and writing, which are indispensable skills in the academic and social development of the student. Although it is little studied in our country, it is essential that teachers who teach at the primary level know about it, in order to provide an adequate intervention through teaching strategies. Therefore, the general objective is to analyze the conceptions of primary school teachers about teaching strategies for literacy in students with dyslexia. The specific objectives are: to identify the conceptions held by elementary school teachers about dyslexia: concept, characteristics, types, and consequences, and to describe the teachers' conceptions about the needs of students with dyslexia and the intervention actions necessary to address them in the classroom, specifically through teaching strategies. Information was collected through the application of a survey, as well as an interview with eight teachers from 3rd to 6th grade of elementary education. This research showed that teachers have ideas about what dyslexia is, pointing out that it is a difficulty in which reading and writing are involved. In addition, the experience in workshops is very relevant, since teachers who participated in a workshop on special educational needs are the ones who have more knowledge about strategies for teaching reading and writing to students with dyslexia. Unlike those who did not attend, who know some strategies that are not specific to develop literacy in students with this difficulty. In this sense, it is important to continue researching about dyslexia in order to know how teachers carry out adaptations and strategies to serve students diagnosed with this difficulty

    Community engagement in Cutaneous Leishmaniasis research in Brazil, Ethiopia, and Sri Lanka: A decolonial approach for global health.

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    Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a parasitic skin disease endemic in at least 88 countries where it presents an urgent, albeit often "neglected" public health problem. In this paper, we discuss our model of decolonial community engagement in the ECLIPSE global health research program, which aims to improve physical and mental health outcomes for people with CL. The ECLIPSE program has four interlinked phases and underpinning each of these phases is sustained and robust community engagement and involvement that guides and informs all activities in ECLIPSE. Our decolonial approach implies that the model for community engagement will be different in Brazil, Ethiopia and Sri Lanka. Indeed, we adopt a critical anthropological approach to engaging with community members and it is precisely this approach we evaluate in this paper. The data and material we draw on were collected through qualitative research methods during community engagement activities. We established 13 Community Advisory Groups (CAGs): in Brazil ( = 4), Ethiopia ( = 6), and Sri Lanka ( = 3). We identified four overarching themes during a thematic analysis of the data set: (1) Establishing community advisory groups, (2) CAG membership and community representation, (3) Culturally appropriate and context-bespoke engagement, and (4) Relationships between researchers and community members. During our first period of ECLIPSE community engagement, we have debunked myths (for instance about communities being "disempowered"), critiqued our own practices (changing approaches in bringing together CAG members) and celebrated successes (notably fruitful online engagement during a challenging COVID-19 pandemic context). Our evaluation revealed a gap between the exemplary community engagement frameworks available in the literature and the messy, everyday reality of working in communities. In the ECLIPSE program, we have translated ideal(istic) principles espoused by such community engagement guidance into the practical realities of "doing engagement" in low-resourced communities. Our community engagement was underpinned by such ideal principles, but adapted to local sociocultural contexts, working within certain funding and regulatory constraints imposed on researchers. We conclude with a set of lessons learned and recommendations for the conduct of decolonial community engagement in global health research. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2022 Polidano, Parton, Agampodi, Agampodi, Haileselassie, Lalani, Mota, Price, Rodrigues, Tafere, Trad, Zerihun and Dikomitis.

    Características vocales en docentes de educación inicial de seis colegios privados del distrito de la Molina

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    El objetivo principal de la investigación fue describir las características vocales de docentes de educación inicial de seis colegios privados del distrito de La Molina. La población estuvo conformada por 60 docentes de educación inicial de seis colegios privados, cuyas edades fluctúan entre las edades de 26 a 52 años de edad del sexo femenino. El estudio fue de tipo descriptivo simple y se usaron dos instrumentos de evaluación: el cuestionario de Condiciones de Producción Vocal para Docentes y el Índice de Desventaja Vocal (IDV) de la Dra., Mara Behlau (2009). Los resultados fueron analizados utilizando el programa SPSS Statistics 25. Así mismo, se pudo concluir que 14 % de la población presentó problemas vocales de tipo funcional, el 7% presentó un pitch agudo o grave y un 10% presentó un loudness reducido o aumentadoThe main objective of the research is to describe the vocal characteristics of initial education teachers of 6 private schools in the district of La Molina. The population was made up of 60 initial education teachers from six private schools, whose ages fluctuate between the ages of 26 to 52 years of age of the female sex. The study was of a simple descriptive type and two evaluation instruments were used: the Vocal Production Conditions for Teachers questionnaire and the Vocal Disadvantage Index (IDV) of Dr. Mara Behlau (2009). The results were analyzed using the SPSS Statistics 25 program. Likewise, it was concluded that 14% of the population presents functional vocal problems, 7% presented a high or low pitch and 10% presented a reduced or increased loudness

    Supporting girls and young women victims of sexual harassment in schools : "me and you and everyone we know"

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    This article highlights an innovative project, across three European countries (Italy, Sweden and Romania), that used a pictorial co-design educational tool to empower young women to counter sexual harassment and abuse. Data is very hard to obtain on levels of sexual harassment and the project revealed that there was a need to educate female and male students, as well as professionals of its long-term impact. The co-designed cards generated discussion and comments both with the young participants and educational professionals. Focus groups were organised in the three countries with students using the co-design tool. What emerged from those focus groups are different attitudes towards sexual harassment and how this may affect girls and young women in the three participating countries. This article reflects upon the use of a transnational co-design tool to prevent sexual harassment and abuse in schools. The main aim was to promote a dialogue with young people on the complexity of issues surrounding this topic in order to promote change in this area. Findings from this project revealed that there was much variation between the three countries in a number of important areas, such as the support and knowledge base on the issue

    Building body identities - exploring the world of female bodybuilders

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    This thesis explores how female bodybuilders seek to develop and maintain a viable sense of self despite being stigmatized by the gendered foundations of what Erving Goffman (1983) refers to as the 'interaction order'; the unavoidable presentational context in which identities are forged during the course of social life. Placed in the context of an overview of the historical treatment of women's bodies, and a concern with the development of bodybuilding as a specific form of body modification, the research draws upon a unique two year ethnographic study based in the South of England, complemented by interviews with twenty-six female bodybuilders, all of whom live in the U.K. By mapping these extraordinary women's lives, the research illuminates the pivotal spaces and essential lived experiences that make up the female bodybuilder. Whilst the women appear to be embarking on an 'empowering' radical body project for themselves, the consequences of their activity remains culturally ambivalent. This research exposes the 'Janus-faced' nature of female bodybuilding, exploring the ways in which the women negotiate, accommodate and resist pressures to engage in more orthodox and feminine activities and appearances

    Towards a sociology of conspiracy theories: An investigation into conspiratorial thinking on Dönmes

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    This thesis investigates the social and political significance of conspiracy theories, which has been an academically neglected topic despite its historical relevance. The academic literature focuses on the methodology, social significance and political impacts of these theories in a secluded manner and lacks empirical analyses. In response, this research provides a comprehensive theoretical framework for conspiracy theories by considering their methodology, political impacts and social significance in the light of empirical data. Theoretically, the thesis uses Adorno's semi-erudition theory along with Girardian approach. It proposes that conspiracy theories are methodologically semi-erudite narratives, i.e. they are biased in favour of a belief and use reason only to prove it. It suggests that conspiracy theories appear in times of power vacuum and provide semi-erudite cognitive maps that relieve alienation and ontological insecurities of people and groups. In so doing, they enforce social control over their audience due to their essentialist, closed-to-interpretation narratives. In order to verify the theory, the study analyses empirically the social and political significance of conspiracy theories about the Dönme community in Turkey. The analysis comprises interviews with conspiracy theorists, conspiracy theory readers and political parties, alongside a frame analysis of the popular conspiracy theory books on Dönmes. These confirm the theoretical framework by showing that the conspiracy theories are fed by the ontological insecurities of Turkish society. Hence, conspiracy theorists, most readers and some political parties respond to their own ontological insecurities and political frustrations through scapegoating Dönmes. Consequently, this work shows that conspiracy theories are important symptoms of society, which, while relieving ontological insecurities, do not provide politically prolific narratives

    Balancing the urban stomach: public health, food selling and consumption in London, c. 1558-1640

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    Until recently, public health histories have been predominantly shaped by medical and scientific perspectives, to the neglect of their wider social, economic and political contexts. These medically-minded studies have tended to present broad, sweeping narratives of health policy's explicit successes or failures, often focusing on extraordinary periods of epidemic disease viewed from a national context. This approach is problematic, particularly in studies of public health practice prior to 1800. Before the rise of modern scientific medicine, public health policies were more often influenced by shared social, cultural, economic and religious values which favoured maintaining hierarchy, stability and concern for 'the common good'. These values have frequently been overlooked by modern researchers. This has yielded pessimistic assessments of contemporary sanitation, implying that local authorities did not care about or prioritise the health of populations. Overly medicalised perspectives have further restricted historians' investigation and use of source material, their interpretation of multifaceted and sometimes contested cultural practices such as fasting, and their examination of habitual - and not just extraordinary - health actions. These perspectives have encouraged a focus on reactive - rather than preventative - measures. This thesis contributes to a growing body of research that expands our restrictive understandings of pre-modern public health. It focuses on how public health practices were regulated, monitored and expanded in later Tudor and early Stuart London, with a particular focus on consumption and food-selling. Acknowledging the fundamental public health value of maintaining urban foodways, it investigates how contemporaries sought to manage consumption, food production waste, and vending practices in the early modern City's wards and parishes. It delineates the practical and political distinctions between food and medicine, broadly investigates the activities, reputations of and correlations between London's guild and itinerant food vendors and licensed and irregular medical practitioners, traces the directions in which different kinds of public health policy filtered up or down, and explores how policies were enacted at a national and local level. Finally, it compares and contrasts habitual and extraordinary public health regulations, with a particular focus on how perceptions of and actual food shortages, paired with the omnipresent threat of disease, impacted broader aspects of civic life

    South Yorkshire low carbon energy supply chains: insulation sector summary

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