23,781 research outputs found

    European Organic Production Statistics 1993 - 1996

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    Detailed official statistics on organic farming in Europe are scarce. This volume is the most authoritative source for statistical data on organic farming with respect to land area, number of farms, livestock and crop production for all EU member countries plus Norway, Switzerland and the Czech Republic. Time series are provided from 1993 - 1996. This book is essential reading for policy makers, the private sector, researchers and students in the field of economics and politics of organic farming

    Technical publications of the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, 1980 through 1983

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    This bibliography lists the publications sponsored by the NASA Wallops Flight Center/NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Wallops Flight Facility during the period 1980 through 1983. The compilation contains citations listed by type of publication; i.e., NASA formal report, NASA contractor report, journal article, or presentation; by contract/grant number; and by accession number. Oceanography, astrophysics, artificial satellites, fluid mechanics, and sea ice are among the topics covered

    GA tuning of pitch controller for small scale MAVs

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    The paper presents the application of intelligent tuning methods for the control of a prototype MAV in order to address problems associated with bandwidth limited actuators and gust alleviation. Specifically, as a proof of concept, the investigation is focused on the pitch control of a MAV. The work is supported by experimental results from wind tunnel testing that shows the merits of the use of Genetic Algorithm (GA) tuning techniques compared to classical, empirical tuning methodologies. To provide a measure of relative merit, the controller responses are evaluated using the ITAE performance index. In this way, the proposed method is shown to induce far superior dynamic performance compared to traditional approaches

    Properties of nonaqueous electrolytes First quarterly report, 20 Jun. - 19 Sep. 1966

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    Solvent purification and water content determined by gas chromatography for nonaqueous electrolyte

    A three-phase to single-phase matrix converter for high-frequency induction heating

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    The paper describes a new three-phase to single-phase matrix converter featuring unity input power factor, very low input total harmonic distortion, and soft-switching over the full power range, for high frequency induction heating applications. A variable output pulse density modulation scheme has been proposed for stable operation of the converter, with the notable feature of requiring no on-line calculations for the synthesis of three-phase input current system. Practical issues in realising the converter, viz. line frequency synchronisation and output current circulation, are described. Good agreement between simulation and experimental results confirm the benefits of the proposed converter

    Comparison of single-phase matrix converter and H-bridge converter for radio frequency induction heating

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    This paper compares the newly developed single-phase matrix converter and the more conventional H- bridge converter for radio frequency induction heating. Both the converters exhibit unity power factor, very low total harmonic distortion at the utility supply interface, good controllability under soft switching condition for a wide range of power, and high efficiencies, whilst still having simple structures. A novel switching control pattern has been proposed for the matrix converter in order to maintain the comparable performance to the H-bridge converter. Simulation and experimental results for both converters are presented. Comparisons between two converters have confirmed the excellent performance of the proposed matrix converter

    Recruiting hard-to-reach populations to physical activity studies : evidence and experiences

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    Most researchers who are conducting research with a public health focus face difficulties in recruiting the segments of the population that they really want to reach. This symposium presented evidence and experiences on recruiting participants to physical activity research, including both epidemiological and intervention based studies. Results from a systematic review of recruitment strategies suggested that we know little about how best to recruit and highlighted the need for researchers to report this in more detail, including metrics of reach into the target population such as number, proportion, and representativeness of participants. Specific strategies used to optimise responses to a population-based mail survey were presented such as study promotion, survey design, multiple mailings, and personal engagement. Finally, using place based recruiting via schools or places of worship to target ethnic minority youth were discussed. Overall the symposium presenters suggested that we need to learn more about how best to recruit participants, in particular those typically under-represented, and that researchers need to apportion a similar amount of planning effort to their recruitment strategies as they do the their research design. Finally we made a plea for researchers to report their recruitment processes in detail
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