42 research outputs found

    Critical issues in Leveraging Blockchain in Healthcare Sector

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    Blockchain innovation has brought various benefits to the healthcare sector. Utilizing blockchains in clinical contexts will reduce handling time since when a patient signs up for a review, the complete collected data will be accessible at once because of accessibility on the distributed ledger. Also, specialists will not need to stress over the patients giving them a legit clinical history, because of their capacity to progressively see the correct, credible, and quality source-recorded information. It eliminates any likely clinical history mistakes. Similarly, the patients will not need to stress over having a second assessment from another specialist, because of the straightforwardness of the information. Having patient records on a blockchain organization will prompt individuals to know and associate with various others, across the globe, with similar ailments as they have, which is not only valuable for their well-being, but also make the patients feel acknowledged, upheld, and have reinforced determination to battle the ailment. Patients will have total independence regarding their information, and they will choose who to impart the information to. In this paper, we present all the challenges and critical issues associated with implementing blockchains in the healthcare sector

    Autoestima y su influencia en la convivencia escolar en estudiantes de una instituci贸n educativa de Cajamarca, 2022

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    El presente trabajo persigui贸 el objetivo central de determinar la influencia de autoestima en la convivencia escolar de estudiantes de una instituci贸n educativa inicial de Cajamarca. La metodolog铆a empleada para lograrlo fue una de tipo b谩sica, con un enfoque cuantitativo y con un dise帽o no experimental, transversal y correlacional; la muestra fue de 73 alumnos; la t茅cnica empleada fue la encuesta y los instrumentos fueron los cuestionarios de test de Autoestima (TA) creado por Ruiz (2003) y el cuestionario de convivencia escolar (CCE) de Leiva (2008). Como resultado se obtuvo que la autoestima estuvo en un nivel alto en el 22.4%, en un nivel medio en el 42.4% y en un nivel bajo en el 35.3%; por otra parte, la convivencia escolar fue bueno o armoniosa en el 23.5%, regular en el 36.5% y mala o conflictiva en el 40%. Respecto a la influencia de las dimensiones de la autoestima sobre la convivencia escolar se encontr贸 que las dimensiones familia, identidad personal, autonom铆a, emociones, motivaci贸n y socializaci贸n mostraron una influencia positiva y significativa con la convivencia escolar. La conclusi贸n general del estudio fue que la autoestima mostr贸 una influencia significativa y positiva con la convivencia escolar

    Autoestima y logros de aprendizaje en el 谩rea de matem谩tica en estudiantes de secundaria de dos instituciones educativas p煤blicas, Huarochir铆 鈥 2023

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    En la investigaci贸n titulada 鈥淎utoestima y Logros de aprendizaje en el 谩rea de matem谩tica en estudiantes de secundaria de dos instituciones educativas p煤blicas, Huarochir铆 - 2023鈥, se tuvo como objetivo general determinar la autoestima y logros de aprendizaje en estudiantes de secundaria de dos instituciones educativas de Huarochir铆, 2023. El tipo de investigaci贸n es b谩sica, nivel descriptivo correlacional, dise帽o experimental transversal y enfoque cuantitativo. La muestra estuvo conformada por 50 estudiantes. La t茅cnica que se utiliz贸 es la encuesta y el instrumento de recolecci贸n de datos fue un test aplicado a los estudiantes. Para la validez del instrumento se utiliz贸 el juicio de expertos y la confiabilidad se determin贸 utilizando la t茅cnica de Kuder - Richardson, la cual tuvo 0,828 de fiabilidad; lo cual, es aceptable para la variable Autoestima. De acuerdo al objetivo general, se concluye que existe una relaci贸n de fuerza a nivel moderado entre las variables autoestima y logros de aprendizaje con un Rho = 0.457 equivalente al 45,7% afirmando que si hay autoestima habr谩 logros de aprendizaje y viceversa en el 谩rea de matem谩tica en los estudiantes del nivel secundario de dos instituciones educativas p煤blicas de Huarochir铆 鈥 2023

    An Assessment of Occupational Safety and Health Practices in Nepalese Garment Workers

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    The article aims to assess the occupational safety and health (OSH) practices in Nepalese garment industries, particularly for home-based garment workers. The study uses a qualitative and descriptive methodology, including secondary information sourced from books, papers, published articles, and online platforms. The findings show a lack of scientific studies on OSH in the Nepalese garment sector and an unsatisfactory overall status of OSH in Nepal. The study finds poor occupational safety and health practices in the garment business, with insufficient safety precautions and workers who are unaware of hazards and preventive measures. Workers in this industry have a variety of health problems, including musculoskeletal illnesses, which are more common in the sewing department. Musculoskeletal problems are connected with factors such as age, gender, and educational status. The study emphasizes the importance of quick and comprehensive measures by the government, businesses, and employees to improve occupational safety and health in this industry. The article also emphasizes the complicated nature of garment manufacturing units.How to cite this article: Rai, B., (2023). An Assessment of Occupational Safety and Health Practices in Nepalese Garment Workers. GS Spark: Journal of Applied Academic Discourse. 1(1), 27-34. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.837202

    Juegos cooperativos en la autoestima en estudiantes de educaci贸n primaria de una instituci贸n educativa de San Juan de Miraflores, Lima

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    A lo largo de la pesquisa se busc贸 valorar los efectos de un programa constituido por juegos cooperativos en la autoestima de estudiantes de educaci贸n primaria en una I.E. de San Juan de Miraflores; considerando para este fin a 23 alumnos que cumpl铆an con dichas caracter铆sticas, a partir de un esquema pre-experimental, recabando informaci贸n mediante la valoraci贸n de la autoestima previamente a la exposici贸n al programa delimitado en 12 sesiones de 40 minutos aproximadamente, as铆 como la valoraci贸n de esta luego del mismo, mediante la versi贸n escolar del Inventario de Autoestima de Coopersmith; a partir de las cuales, se evidenci贸 la presencia de diferencias significativas (p<.05) en los puntajes promedio obtenidos en estas, es decir que aquellos educandos que participen en talleres compuestos por juegos cooperativos ver谩n una mejora positiva en sus niveles de autoestima. A partir de ello se llega a la conclusi贸n que para promover niveles 贸ptimos de autoestima se debe exponer a los ni帽os a actividades que presenten juegos cooperativos, as铆 como juegos de otras 铆ndoles

    Inteligencia emocional y autoestima en estudiantes del tercer ciclo de una instituci贸n educativa p煤blica, M贸rrope

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    El presente estudio tuvo por objetivo general determinar la relaci贸n entre la inteligencia emocional y autoestima en estudiantes del tercer ciclo de una Instituci贸n Educativa P煤blica, M贸rrope; la metodolog铆a de la investigaci贸n present贸 un enfoque cuantitativo, un alcance correlacional y un dise帽o no experimental de corte transversal; la poblaci贸n lo conformaron 47 estudiantes y el instrumento de recolecci贸n de datos que se aplic贸 fue el cuestionario de inteligencia emocional y el cuestionario de autoestima; por resultados se present贸 el 40% de los estudiantes presentaron un nivel bajo de inteligencia emocional y el 51% destac贸 un nivel bajo en la formaci贸n de su autoestima, estableciendo as铆 que, en la instituci贸n educativa a煤n se requiere plantear estrategias para fortalecer la inteligencia intrapersonal, interpersonal, de adaptabilidad, manejo de estr茅s y estado de 谩nimo en general para que con ello se busque influenciar en el desarrollo de la autoestima f铆sica, acad茅mica, social, afectiva y familiar. Se concluye que, entre la inteligencia emocional y autoestima en estudiantes del tercer ciclo; existe una relaci贸n significativa muy alta, con un p=0.000 y una puntuaci贸n de relaci贸n de Pearson de 0,985

    Exploring the Satisfaction and Self-confidence of 3rd Year Medical Technology Students from Manila, Philippines regarding their Simulation Activities during the Enriched Virtual Mode of Delivery

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    The advent of the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in medical technology education transitioning from traditional face-to-face classes to online classes, which were delivered through online platforms and online laboratories. Along with these changes, the levels of confidence and satisfaction of students may have been affected. The former affects their willingness to participate while the latter keeps the students engaged in the continuous learning process. With this, the study aims to assess the satisfaction and self-confidence levels of 3rd-year medical technology students regarding the simulation activities utilized during the Enriched Virtual Mode of delivery. A survey questionnaire was used to gather the socio-demographic information and the levels of satisfaction and self-confidence of 293 medical technology students from the University of Santo Tomas in relation to their use of聽 simulation activities during the Enriched Virtual Mode of delivery. The software IBM SPSS was used to analyze the data gathered statistically through descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation, Spearman鈥檚 rank correlation, the Mann-Whitney test, and the Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis. Results exhibited that a strong positive correlation is observed between the satisfaction and self-confidence of the respondents regarding their simulation activities. However, the relationship between satisfaction regarding the simulation activities and the respondents鈥 age and gender was weakly positive and negligible. There was also a negligible positive correlation between the socio-demographic variables and the satisfaction of the respondents, and a negligible negative correlation between the socio-demographic variables and the self-confidence of the respondents

    Impact of Sustainable Finance on MSMEs and other Companies to Promote Green Growth and Sustainable development

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    Purpose: Sustainable Finance (SF) contributes to better development and better Finance for Economic growth. Sustainable development is protecting and restoring the ecological system. SIDBI, NITI Aayog, and World Bank facilitate Sustainable Finance to encourage businesses to grow from Small Medium Enterprises to large Industries to make an enormous global impact. As per the World Bank estimate, adversely affect the standard of living of the population and climate change will reduce India鈥檚 GDP by nearly 3%. For tracking the climate protection performance of the country, the CCPI tool is used. The Key sustainable finance providers to companies and MSME鈥檚 are Banks, Corporations, International Financial Institutions, Institutional Investors, International organizations through Financial Instruments Climate Funds, Green Bonds, Impact Finance, Social bonds, Microfinance, SIDBI Sustainable Finance Scheme for funding, NABARD, and Make in India. MSMEs, and SMEs involved in the Projects Solar Power Plants, renewable energy, Green Machinery, Waste Management, Electric Vehicles (EV), Clean Energy, Recycle, Poverty alleviations, and Energy conservation, and India is committed to achieving Net Zero Emissions by 2070. During the Climate summit in Glasgow, India accepted for Five 鈥揚oint climate 鈥榩anchamrit, or pledge鈥 towards climate change and Climate Finance. As per the Environment ministry. India needs $280 billion for green infrastructure and the government of India proposed the creation of a Social Stock Exchange, Europe Investment Bank (EIB) with SBI. RBI has considered Green and Sustainable projects should be put under Priority Sector Lending (PSL) to support GE (Green Economy) growth and to meet the SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) and ESG (Economic, Social, Environment) guidelines for fundraising. Methodology / Design /Approaches: In this article theoretical concepts are used in the analysis of various financing Mechanics for green production and Sustainable development. Findings and results: The effectiveness of sustainable finance or Climate finance required for MSME and Companies for greener production infrastructure and government of India missions on climate Change, Regular to boost the ESG to promote sustainable development and Economic growth. Originality/value: Analysed the various articles and case studies and prepared the model required for sustainable fianc茅 for green growth in India

    Bugs, Drugs and Data: Antibiotic Resistance, Prevalence and Prediction of Bug-Drug Mismatch using Electronic Health Records (EHR) Data

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    Title from PDF of title page viewed December 14, 2021Dissertation advisor: An-Lin ChengVitaIncludes bibliographical references (pages 92-130)Thesis (Ph.D.)--School of Medicine, School of Computing and Engineering, and School of Biological and Chemical Sciences. University of Missouri--Kansas City, 2021Bug-Drug Mismatch (BDM) occurrences are an important and modifiable category of inappropriate antibiotic therapy (IAAT) that increases adverse outcomes for patients and drives overall antibiotic resistance (AR). Surveillance of baseline AR, emerging trends in resistance among priority bacterial pathogens and prevalence of BDM with respect to the age of the patients and the type of health care-setting are required due to differences in antimicrobial need and use in these populations. Additionally, very little is known about the risk factors associated with BDM occurrence. We performed a retrospective study using de-identified, electronic health record (EHR) data in the Cerner Health Facts鈩 data warehouse. We assessed antibiotic susceptibility data between the years 2012 to 2017 and visualized the slope coefficient from linear regression to compare changes in resistance over time. We examined the prevalence of BDM for critically important antibiotics and clinically relevant pathogens between the year 2009 to 2017 in four groups of patients: adults; children; children treated in freestanding pediatric facilities and children treated in blended facilities (adults and children). We implemented multiple logistic regression as a reference model to identify risk factors for BDM occurrences and compared the predictive performance measure with 4 machine learning models (logistic regression with lasso regularization, random forest, gradient boosted decision tree and deep neural network). The trends in resistance rates to clinically relevant antibiotics were influenced by age and care setting. BDM prevalence for several critically important antibiotics differed between children and adults as well as within pediatric and blended facilities. Risk factors such as age of the patient, patient comorbidities and size of the facility were significantly associated with BDM occurrence. Additionally, the machine learning models developed in our study has a high predictive ability (C-statistic), higher sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and positive likelihood ratio to identify BDM occurrence than the reference model. This study describes the utility of data visualization to interpret large scale EHR data on the trends of AR, prevalence and risk factors of BDM which are critical in tailoring antibiotic stewardship efforts to improving appropriate antibiotic prescribing and ultimately reduce AR.Introduction -- Background -- Variation in antibiotic resistance patterns for children and adults treated at 166 non-affiliated facilities -- Differences in the prevalence of definitive bug-drug mismatch (BDM) therapy between adults and children by care setting -- Predicting bug-drug mismatch (BDM) occurrence in EHR data using machine Learning models -- Conclusio
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