18,148 research outputs found

    Revisiting Access in Debates on Internationalisation : Transnational Rights?

    No full text
    This paper explores the internationalisation of higher education, particularly emphasizing its demand side. It highlights the predominant focus on student mobility choices rather than broader economic and cultural influences. While perceived educational hubs and post-study visa availabilities are crucial factors, social connections also play a significant role in student migration. Using Findlay‚Äôs (2011) insight into demand side migration, we emphasize the financial motivations behind global higher education offerings. This study uniquely combines the discourse on internationalisation with access to higher education in the global South. We spotlight international distance education (IDE) as an understudied yet pivotal mode of internationalisation. Focusing on Africa‚ÄĒspecifically Nigeria, Zimbabwe, and Namibia‚ÄĒwe investigate the rising demand for IDE at the University of South Africa (UNISA). The paper underscores that while much attention is on relocating students, mobility choices are also deeply intertwined with access challenges. IDE is framed both as a commodity and an innovative solution to these access problems. The study concludes by advocating for a re-envisioned global responsibility towards higher-education access.

    Distribution of Health service-related characteristics of study participants across Timely initiation of ANC and the uptake of recommended items of care in SSA, 2016‚Äď2021.

    No full text
    Distribution of Health service-related characteristics of study participants across Timely initiation of ANC and the uptake of recommended items of care in SSA, 2016‚Äď2021.</p

    Addressing climate change with behavioral science: A global intervention tournament in 63 countries

    No full text
    International audienceEffectively reducing climate change requires marked, global behavior change. However, it is unclear which strategies are most likely to motivate people to change their climate beliefs and behaviors. Here, we tested 11 expert-crowdsourced interventions on four climate mitigation outcomes: beliefs, policy support, information sharing intention, and an effortful tree-planting behavioral task. Across 59,440 participants from 63 countries, the interventions‚Äô effectiveness was small, largely limited to nonclimate skeptics, and differed across outcomes: Beliefs were strengthened mostly by decreasing psychological distance (by 2.3%), policy support by writing a letter to a future-generation member (2.6%), information sharing by negative emotion induction (12.1%), and no intervention increased the more effortful behavior‚ÄĒseveral interventions even reduced tree planting. Last, the effects of each intervention differed depending on people‚Äôs initial climate beliefs. These findings suggest that the impact of behavioral climate interventions varies across audiences and target behaviors

    Distribution of contents care provided to women during ANC visits in SSA countries, 2016‚Äď2021.

    No full text
    Distribution of contents care provided to women during ANC visits in SSA countries, 2016‚Äď2021.</p

    List of the individual- and community-level factors that affect the timing and adequacy of ANC, in SSA countries 2016‚Äď2021.

    No full text
    List of the individual- and community-level factors that affect the timing and adequacy of ANC, in SSA countries 2016‚Äď2021.</p

    Table_1_On the genetic diversity of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus, 1758 (Chordata, Chondrichthyes, Holocephali) in the Mediterranean Sea.XLSX

    No full text
    The sustainable management and conservation of deep-sea species may be hampered by the paucity of data on their population structure and connectivity, in the face of ever-increasing fisheries pressure and other forms of impacts on deep-sea ecosystems. The rabbit fish, Chimaera monstrosa, is a deep-sea cartilaginous fish, reported worldwide in the past, but currently distributed only in the North-Eastern Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. It is currently experiencing high levels of mortality associated with by-catch. Its slow growth, low fecundity and late maturity make this species particularly vulnerable to anthropogenic impact, although little is known about processes of connectivity between ecoregions. This study utilized DNA sequencing of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene to investigate the population structure and demography of C. monstrosa both at the small (around the coasts of Sardinia, western Mediterranean Sea) and at larger spatial scales (at the pan-Mediterranean level, and between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea). A total of 100 new sequences were obtained from specimens of Mediterranean origin, identifying 15 new haplotypes out of the 30 known so far for the species. Evidence of feeble but significant differentiation was detected among locations within the Tyrrhenian basin. Bayesian clustering analyses indicated the occurrence of three distinct haplogroups: the most common spread all over the Mediterranean, and the other two limited to the Western basin. Greater levels of genetic differentiation were found between the Atlantic and Mediterranean populations which constituted two main genetic clusters, with no shared haplotypes. The two populations became separated at the end of the Middle Pleistocene, with a clear sign of demographic expansion during the same period. The rabbit fish constitutes an important exception to a general paradigm of deep-sea species being connected by high levels of gene flow and such results could be useful to implement current management strategies to conserve this vulnerable by-caught species.</p

    The 40 pc sample of white dwarfs from Gaia

    Get PDF
    We present a comprehensive overview of a volume-complete sample of white dwarfs located within 40 pc of the Sun, a significant proportion of which were detected in Gaia Data Release 3 (DR3). Our DR3 sample contains 1076 spectroscopically confirmed white dwarfs, with just five candidates within the volume remaining unconfirmed (>‚ÄČ99 per‚ÄČcent spectroscopic completeness). Additionally, 28 white dwarfs were not in our initial selection from Gaia DR3, most of which are in unresolved binaries. We use Gaia DR3 photometry and astrometry to determine a uniform set of white dwarf parameters, including mass, effective temperature, and cooling age. We assess the demographics of the 40 pc sample, specifically magnetic fields, binarity, space density, and mass distributions

    Addressing climate change with behavioral science::A global intervention tournament in 63 countries

    No full text
    Effectively reducing climate change requires marked, global behavior change. However, it is unclear which strategies are most likely to motivate people to change their climate beliefs and behaviors. Here, we tested 11 expert-crowdsourced interventions on four climate mitigation outcomes: beliefs, policy support, information sharing intention, and an effortful tree-planting behavioral task. Across 59,440 participants from 63 countries, the interventions‚Äô effectiveness was small, largely limited to nonclimate skeptics, and differed across outcomes: Beliefs were strengthened mostly by decreasing psychological distance (by 2.3%), policy support by writing a letter to a future-generation member (2.6%), information sharing by negative emotion induction (12.1%), and no intervention increased the more effortful behavior‚ÄĒseveral interventions even reduced tree planting. Last, the effects of each intervention differed depending on people‚Äôs initial climate beliefs. These findings suggest that the impact of behavioral climate interventions varies across audiences and target behaviors

    Data_Sheet_1_On the genetic diversity of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus, 1758 (Chordata, Chondrichthyes, Holocephali) in the Mediterranean Sea.DOCX

    No full text
    The sustainable management and conservation of deep-sea species may be hampered by the paucity of data on their population structure and connectivity, in the face of ever-increasing fisheries pressure and other forms of impacts on deep-sea ecosystems. The rabbit fish, Chimaera monstrosa, is a deep-sea cartilaginous fish, reported worldwide in the past, but currently distributed only in the North-Eastern Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. It is currently experiencing high levels of mortality associated with by-catch. Its slow growth, low fecundity and late maturity make this species particularly vulnerable to anthropogenic impact, although little is known about processes of connectivity between ecoregions. This study utilized DNA sequencing of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene to investigate the population structure and demography of C. monstrosa both at the small (around the coasts of Sardinia, western Mediterranean Sea) and at larger spatial scales (at the pan-Mediterranean level, and between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea). A total of 100 new sequences were obtained from specimens of Mediterranean origin, identifying 15 new haplotypes out of the 30 known so far for the species. Evidence of feeble but significant differentiation was detected among locations within the Tyrrhenian basin. Bayesian clustering analyses indicated the occurrence of three distinct haplogroups: the most common spread all over the Mediterranean, and the other two limited to the Western basin. Greater levels of genetic differentiation were found between the Atlantic and Mediterranean populations which constituted two main genetic clusters, with no shared haplotypes. The two populations became separated at the end of the Middle Pleistocene, with a clear sign of demographic expansion during the same period. The rabbit fish constitutes an important exception to a general paradigm of deep-sea species being connected by high levels of gene flow and such results could be useful to implement current management strategies to conserve this vulnerable by-caught species.</p
    • ‚Ķ
    corecore