61,036 research outputs found

    The Pikwitonei granulite domain: A lower crustal level along the Churchill-Superior boundary in central Manitoba

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    The greenschist to amphibolite facies tonalite-greenstone terrain of the Gods Lake subprovince grades - in a northwesterly direction - into the granulite facies Pikwitonei domain at the western margins of the Superior Province. The transition is the result of prograde metamorphism and takes place over 50 - 100 km without any structural or lithological breaks. Locally the orthopyroxene isograd is oblique to the structural grain and transects greenstone belts, e.g., the Cross Lake belt. The greenstone belts in the granulite facies and adjacent lower grade domain consist mainly of mafic and (minor) ultramafic metavolcanics, and clastic and chemical metasedimentary rocks. Typical for the greenstone belts crossed by the orthopyroxene isograd are anorthositic gabbros and anorthosites, and plagiophyric mafic flows. The Pikwitonei granulite domain has been interpreted as to represent a lower crustal level which was uplifted to the present level of erosion. On the basis of gravimetric data this uplift has been modelled as an obduction onto the Churchill Province during the Hudsonian orogeny, similar to the Ivrea Zone. The fault between the Churchill and Superior Province is described

    Comparative Investigation of the High Pressure Autoignition of the Butanol Isomers

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    Investigation of the autoignition delay of the butanol isomers has been performed at elevated pressures of 15 bar and 30 bar and low to intermediate temperatures of 680-860 K. The reactivity of the stoichiometric isomers of butanol, in terms of inverse ignition delay, was ranked as n-butanol > sec-butanol ~ iso-butanol > tert-butanol at a compressed pressure of 15 bar but changed to n-butanol > tert-butanol > sec-butanol > iso-butanol at 30 bar. For the temperature and pressure conditions in this study, no NTC or two-stage ignition behavior were observed. However, for both of the compressed pressures studied in this work, tert-butanol exhibited unique pre-ignition heat release characteristics. As such, tert-butanol was further studied at two additional equivalence ratios (Ď•\phi = 0.5 and 2.0) to help determine the cause of the heat release.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, presented at the 2011 Meeting of the Eastern States Sections of the Combustion Institut

    Seasonal and Vertical Distributions of Planthoppers (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea) Within a Black Walnut Plantation

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    Information on the seasonal and vertical distributions of 34 species (eight families) of planthoppers was obtained from window trap collections in a North Carolina black walnut plantation in 15 and 1978. The most commonly collected species were Acanalonia conica (Acanaloniidael. Liburniella ornata (Delphacidae), Oliarus ecologus (Cixiidae), and O. quinquelineatus

    Human Trafficking and Foreign Policy: An Introduction

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    [Excerpt] Human trafficking (also known as trafficking in persons) refers to the subjection of men, women, or children to exploitative conditions that may be tantamount to modern-day slavery. From a foreign policy perspective, human trafficking can be viewed as a human rights problem, a manifestation of transnational organized crime, and a violation of core international labor standards. Human trafficking also raises economic development, international migration, and global governance and security issues, and disproportionately victimizes vulnerable populations. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA, Division A of P.L. 106-386; 22 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.) defined “severe forms of trafficking in persons” to include sex trafficking induced by force, fraud, or coercion, child sex trafficking (under 18 years of age), and forced labor trafficking. The latter involves the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person—induced by force, fraud, or coercion—for the purpose of subjecting that person, including a child, to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery

    Nectria galligena as the cause of a collar rot disease in organically grown Topaz apple trees

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    Symptoms resembling collar rot were detected in organically managed Topaz trees aged 3-10 years, occur-ring one to several years after planting of the orchard. Trees were killed within the same growing season in which symptoms were first observed. The disease commonly progressed as a complete covered canker at the base of the tree trunk. Isolation attempts were negative for Phytophthora and other Oomycetes, but con-sistently yielded Nectria galligena. The possibility of latent (endophytic) infections of N. galligena as the cause of delayed collar rot symptoms is briefly discussed
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