4,093 research outputs found

### Higgs boson production via vector-like top-partner decays: diphoton or multilepton plus multijets channels at the LHC

We first build a minimal model of vector-like quarks where the dominant Higgs
boson production process at LHC -- the gluon fusion -- can be significantly
suppressed, being motivated by the recent stringent constraints from the search
for direct Higgs production over a wide Higgs mass range. Within this model,
compatible with the present experimental constraints on direct Higgs searches,
we demonstrate that the Higgs ($h$) production via a heavy vector-like
top-partner ($t_2$) decay, $pp \to t_2 \bar t_2$, $t_2\to t h$, allows to
discover a Higgs boson at the LHC and measure its mass, through the decay
channels $h\to \gamma\gamma$ or $h\to ZZ$. We also comment on the recent hint
in LHC data from a possible $\sim 125$ GeV Higgs scalar, in the presence of
heavy vector-like top quarks.Comment: 14 pages, 8 figure

### On the presentation of the LHC Higgs Results

We put forth conclusions and suggestions regarding the presentation of the
LHC Higgs results that may help to maximize their impact and their utility to
the whole High Energy Physics community.Comment: Conclusions from the workshops "Likelihoods for the LHC Searches",
21-23 January 2013 at CERN, "Implications of the 125 GeV Higgs Boson", 18-22
March 2013 at LPSC Grenoble, and from the 2013 Les Houches "Physics at TeV
Colliders" workshop. 16 pages, 3 figures. Version 2: Comment added on the
first publication of signal strength likelihoods in digital form by ATLA

### Modified Signals for Supersymmetry in the NMSSM with a Singlino-like LSP

In the framework of the NMSSM with a singlino-like LSP, we study
quantitatively the impact of the additional bino -> singlino cascade on the
efficiencies in several search channels for supersymmetry of the ATLAS and CMS
collaborations. Compared to the MSSM, the additional cascade reduces the
missing transverse energy, but leads to additional jets or leptons. For the
NMSSM benchmark lines which generalize cMSSM benchmark points, the efficiencies
in the most relevant 2/3 jet + missing energy search channels can drop by
factors ~1/3 to ~1/7, and can reduce the present lower bounds on M_{1/2} by as
much as ~0.9 - 0.75 in the NMSSM for large bino-singlino mass differences. The
larger efficiencies in multijet or multilepton search channels are not strong
enough to affect this conclusion. In the fully constrained cNMSSM, sparticle
decay cascades via the lightest stau can lead to signal cross sections in
multilepton and 2tau search channels which are potentially visible at the LHC
with 7 TeV center of mass energy.Comment: 24 pages, 9 Figures, misprint in Table 1 correcre

### Tuning supersymmetric models at the LHC: A comparative analysis at two-loop level

We provide a comparative study of the fine tuning amount (Delta) at the
two-loop leading log level in supersymmetric models commonly used in SUSY
searches at the LHC. These are the constrained MSSM (CMSSM), non-universal
Higgs masses models (NUHM1, NUHM2), non-universal gaugino masses model (NUGM)
and GUT related gaugino masses models (NUGMd). Two definitions of the fine
tuning are used, the first (Delta_{max}) measures maximal fine-tuning wrt
individual parameters while the second (Delta_q) adds their contribution in
"quadrature". As a direct result of two theoretical constraints (the EW minimum
conditions), fine tuning (Delta_q) emerges as a suppressing factor (effective
prior) of the averaged likelihood (under the priors), under the integral of the
global probability of measuring the data (Bayesian evidence p(D)). For each
model, there is little difference between Delta_q, Delta_{max} in the region
allowed by the data, with similar behaviour as functions of the Higgs, gluino,
stop mass or SUSY scale (m_{susy}=(m_{\tilde t_1} m_{\tilde t_2})^{1/2}) or
dark matter and g-2 constraints. The analysis has the advantage that by
replacing any of these mass scales or constraints by their latest bounds one
easily infers for each model the value of Delta_q, Delta_{max} or vice versa.
For all models, minimal fine tuning is achieved for M_{higgs} near 115 GeV with
a Delta_q\approx Delta_{max}\approx 10 to 100 depending on the model, and in
the CMSSM this is actually a global minimum. Due to a strong ($\approx$
exponential) dependence of Delta on M_{higgs}, for a Higgs mass near 125 GeV,
the above values of Delta_q\approx Delta_{max} increase to between 500 and
1000. Possible corrections to these values are briefly discussed.Comment: 23 pages, 46 figures; references added; some clarifications (section
2

### Where is SUSY?

The direct searches for Superymmetry at colliders can be complemented by
direct searches for dark matter (DM) in underground experiments, if one assumes
the Lightest Supersymmetric Particle (LSP) provides the dark matter of the
universe. It will be shown that within the Constrained minimal Supersymmetric
Model (CMSSM) the direct searches for DM are complementary to direct LHC
searches for SUSY and Higgs particles using analytical formulae. A combined
excluded region from LHC, WMAP and XENON100 will be provided, showing that
within the CMSSM gluinos below 1 TeV and LSP masses below 160 GeV are excluded
(m_{1/2} > 400 GeV) independent of the squark masses.Comment: 16 pages, 10 figure

### Constraints on supersymmetry with light third family from LHC data

We present a re-interpretation of the recent ATLAS limits on supersymmetry in
channels with jets (with and without b-tags) and missing energy, in the context
of light third family squarks, while the first two squark families are
inaccessible at the 7 TeV run of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). In contrast
to interpretations in terms of the high-scale based constrained minimal
supersymmetric standard model (CMSSM), we primarily use the low-scale
parametrisation of the phenomenological MSSM (pMSSM), and translate the limits
in terms of physical masses of the third family squarks. Side by side, we also
investigate the limits in terms of high-scale scalar non-universality, both
with and without low-mass sleptons. Our conclusion is that the limits based on
0-lepton channels are not altered by the mass-scale of sleptons, and can be
considered more or less model-independent.Comment: 20 pages, 8 figures, 2 tables. Version published in JHE

### Dark matter allowed scenarios for Yukawa-unified SO(10) SUSY GUTs

Simple supersymmetric grand unified models based on the gauge group SO(10)
require --in addition to gauge and matter unification-- the unification of
t-b-\tau Yukawa couplings. Yukawa unification, however, only occurs for very
special values of the soft SUSY breaking parameters. We perform a search using
a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique to investigate model parameters and
sparticle mass spectra which occur in Yukawa-unified SUSY models, where we also
require the relic density of neutralino dark matter to saturate the
WMAP-measured abundance. We find the spectrum is characterizd by three mass
scales: first/second generation scalars in the multi-TeV range, third
generation scalars in the TeV range, and gauginos in the \sim 100 GeV range.
Most solutions give far too high a relic abundance of neutralino dark matter.
The dark matter discrepancy can be rectified by 1. allowing for neutralino
decay to axino plus photon, 2. imposing gaugino mass non-universality or 3.
imposing generational non-universality. In addition, the MCMC approach finds 4.
a compromise solution where scalar masses are not too heavy, and where
neutralino annihilation occurs via the light Higgs h resonance. By imposing
weak scale Higgs soft term boundary conditions, we are also able to generate 5.
low \mu, m_A solutions with neutralino annihilation via a light A resonance,
though these solutions seem to be excluded by CDF/D0 measurements of the B_s\to
\mu^+\mu^- branching fraction. Based on the dual requirements of Yukawa
coupling unification and dark matter relic density, we predict new physics
signals at the LHC from pair production of 350--450 GeV gluinos. The events are
characterized by very high b-jet multiplicity and a dilepton mass edge around
mz2-mz1 \sim 50-75 GeV.Comment: 35 pages with 21 eps figure

### New Physics at the LHC. A Les Houches Report: Physics at TeV Colliders 2009 - New Physics Working Group

We present a collection of signatures for physics beyond the standard model
that need to be explored at the LHC. First, are presented various tools
developed to measure new particle masses in scenarios where all decays include
an unobservable particle. Second, various aspects of supersymmetric models are
discussed. Third, some signatures of models of strong electroweak symmetry are
discussed. In the fourth part, a special attention is devoted to high mass
resonances, as the ones appearing in models with warped extra dimensions.
Finally, prospects for models with a hidden sector/valley are presented. Our
report, which includes brief experimental and theoretical reviews as well as
original results, summarizes the activities of the "New Physics" working group
for the "Physics at TeV Colliders" workshop (Les Houches, France, 8-26 June,
2009).Comment: 189 page

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