2,707 research outputs found

    The impact of hypoxia on tumor-associated macrophages

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    Estimation of the variance in any point of an electron-density map for any space group

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    In a recent paper [Giacovazzo & Mazzone (2011). Acta Cryst. A67, 210-218] a mathematical expression of the variance at any point of the unit cell has been described. The formulas were derived in P1 for any type of Fourier synthesis (observed, difference and hybrid) under the following hypothesis: the current phases are distributed on the trigonometric circle about the correct values according to von Mises distributions. This general hypothesis allows the variance expressions to be valid at any stage of the phasing process. In this paper the method has been extended to any space group, no matter whether centric or acentric. The properties of the variance generated by space-group symmetry are described; in particular it is shown that the variance is strictly connected with the implication transformations, which are basic for Patterson deconvolution. General formulas simultaneously taking into account phase uncertainty and measurement errors have been obtained, valid no matter what the quality of the model

    Data Presentation and Visualization (DPV) Interface Control Document

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    Data Presentation and Visualization (DPV) is a subset of the modeling and simulation (M&S) capabilities at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) that endeavors to address the challenges of how to present and share simulation output for analysts, stakeholders, decision makers, and other interested parties. DPV activities focus on the development and provision of visualization tools to meet the objectives identified above, as well as providing supporting tools and capabilities required to make its visualization products available and accessible across NASA

    Distributed Observer Network (DON), Version 3.0, User's Guide

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    The Distributed Observer Network (DON) is a data presentation tool developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to distribute and publish simulation results. Leveraging the display capabilities inherent in modern gaming technology, DON places users in a fully navigable 3-D environment containing graphical models and allows the users to observe how those models evolve and interact over time in a given scenario. Each scenario is driven with data that has been generated by authoritative NASA simulation tools and exported in accordance with a published data interface specification. This decoupling of the data from the source tool enables DON to faithfully display a simulator's results and ensure that every simulation stakeholder will view the exact same information every time

    Hyperfunctioning Parathyroid Giant Adenoma

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    Purpose: The objective of this paper is to report the management and treatment of a 47-year-old patient admitted with multiple problems including asthenia, nausea and bradycardia, and was diagnosed with a giant parathyroid adenoma. Case report: A 47-year-old man was admitted to the Department of General Surgery for acute and worsening asthenia, nausea and bradycardia. Blood tests showed hypercalcemia, hypophosporemia, very high serum parathormone level, so that he was diagnosed with primary hyperparathyroidism. Cervical ultrasonography and scintigraphy with technetium 99 mTc Methoxyisobutylisonitrile (99 mTc-MIBI) showed the presence of positive nodule at the isthmus of the thyroid gland. The patient underwent neck exploration. Intra-operative iPTH essay was measured. A giant parathyroid adenoma was identified and excised, with no macroscopic signs of malignancy. Discussion and conclusion: Hyper functioning parathyroid giant adenoma can present with typical symptoms of hypercalcemic crisis: ECG alterations, kidney failure, emotional lability, confusion, delirium, psychosis, asthenia, epilepsy. Elective treatment is the excission. The surgical technique contemplates neck exploration and to ensure the finding of the adenoma, previously identified with imaging tests. It is necessary to measure intra-operative iPTH assay
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