8 research outputs found

    Ontologies and Logic

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    Management Matters

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    New indications of managerial innovations are created and then used to show that changes in organizational technologies are an important source of economic growth. Specifically, the analysis demonstrates that, first, in response to a positive managerial technology shock, output, productivity and hours significantly increase in the short run, second, these types of innovations are as important as non-managerial ones in explaining movements in these variables at business cycle frequencies, and, third, product and process innovations promote the development of new managerial techniques.Business Cycles; Productivity; Management techniques; Technical Change

    Strengthening Smart Contracts: An AI-Driven Security Exploration

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    Smart contracts are automated agreements in which the conditions between the purchaser and the vendor are encoded directly into lines of code allowing them to execute automatically Smart contracts have emerged as a ground-breaking technology facilitating the decentralized and trustless execution of agreements on blockchain platforms However the widespread adoption of smart contracts exposes them to various security threats leading to substantial financial losses and reputational harm Artificial Intelligence has the capability to aid in the detection and reduction of vulnerabilities thereby enhancing the overall strength and resilience of smart contracts This integration can create highly secure and transparent systems that reduce the risk of fraud corruption and other malicious activities thereby increasing trust and confidence in these systems and improving overall security This research paper delves into the innovative applications of Artificial Intelligence techniques to enhance the security of smart contracts Investigating the potential of AI in detecting vulnerabilities identifying potential attacks and offering automated solutions for safer smart contracts will significantly contribute to the development and flawless execution of this emerging technolog

    Volumes of Evidence - Examining Technical Change Last Century Through a New Lens

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    Although technical change is central in much of modern economics, traditional measures of it are, for a number of reasons, flawed. We discuss in this paper new indicators based on data drawn from the MARC records of the Library of Congress on the number of new technology titles in various fields published in the United States over the course of the last century. These indicators, we argue, overcome many of the shortcomings associated with patents, research and development expenditures, innovation counts, and productivity figures. We find, among other things, the following: the pattern and nature of technical change described by our indicators is, on the whole, consistent with that of other measures; they represent innovation not diffusion; a strong causal relationship between our indicators and changes in TFP and output per capita; innovations in some sub-groups have had a greater impact on output and productivity than others and, moreover, the key players have changed over time. Our indicators can be used to shed light on number of important issues including the empirical relationship between technology shocks and employment, the role of technology in cross-country productivity differences, and the part played by technological change in growing skills premia in the U.S. during the last few decades.Business Cycles, Technical change, productivity, measurement

    The old and the prudish: an examination of sex, sexuality, and queerness in Library of Congress Classification

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    Despite the fact that scholarship and knowledge about sex and sexuality have grown enormously in the last century, these topics in the Library of Congress Classification (LCC) schedules have remained stagnant, particularly in the HQ schedule (a classification subclass), entitled “The Family. Marriage. Women.” In this schedule, multiple structural issues in organization and placement of topics demonstrate a deeply sex negative attitude that has seen relatively little change in over a century. This article takes a deep dive into the negative attitudes toward sex and sexuality in the LCC HQ schedule, analyzing the ways in which sex negativity manifests structurally in LCC, and is informed by a thematic review of schedule editions between 1910 and 2020. It turns critical efforts that are traditionally applied to the Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) in critical cataloging literature, to the deeper underlying structure of LCC. Though critiques and shortcomings of both LCC and LCSH on the treatment of LGBTQIA+ topics are well noted in the literature, very few examine the underpinnings of LGBTQIA+ marginalization as informed by sex negativity. This article examines some major issues in the HQ schedule with an eye toward providing a roadmap for future revisions. We aim for readers to realize what it means for structural inequity to exist in LCC, the harm that that structural inequity can impart, and to take a critical eye to the foundational classification used within numerous libraries, beyond the subject headings overlaying and masking that classification

    Read All About it!! What happens following a technology shock?

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    Existing indicators of technical change are plagued by shortcomings. I present here new measures based on books published in the field of technology that resolve many of these problems and use them to identify the impact of technology shocks on economic activity. They are positively linked to changes in R&D and scientific knowledge and capture the new technologies' commercialization dates. Changes in information technology are found to be important sources of economic fluctuations in the post-WWII period and total factor productivity, investment and, to a lesser extent, labor are all shown to increase following a positive technology shock.business cycles, technical change, information technologies

    AS-937-22 Resolution on New Degree Program for Masters of Science in Statistics

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    Approves the new degree program for final review by the Chancellor’s Office
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