352,828 research outputs found

    Maltese educational broadcasting : education through the media and the media in education

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    Educational broadcasting has formed part of the broadcasting scene in Malta since 1948. Over the years it has passed, as far as responsibility is concerned, from the hands of one to another, including the Department of Information, the Malta Broadcasting Authority, Xandir Malta (Malta's state broadcasting system), and, as it is at present, the Department of Education, which falls under the Ministry of Education and the Environment.peer-reviewe

    Asymmetric broadcasting of quantum correlations

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    In this work, we exhaustively investigate 1→21 \rightarrow 2 local and nonlocal broadcasting of entanglement as well as correlations beyond entanglement (geometric discord) using asymmetric Pauli cloners with most general two qubit state as the resource. We exemplify asymmetric broadcasting of entanglement using Maximally Entangled Mixed States. We demonstrate the variation of broadcasting range with the amount of entanglement present in the resource state as well as with the asymmetry in the cloner. We show that it is impossible to optimally broadcast geometric discord with the help of these asymmetric Pauli cloning machines. We also study the problem of 1→31 \rightarrow 3 broadcasting of entanglement using non-maximally entangled state (NME) as the resource. For this task, we introduce a method we call successive broadcasting which involves application of 1→21 \rightarrow 2 optimal cloning machines multiple times. We compare and contrast the performance of this method with the application of direct 1→31 \rightarrow 3 optimal cloning machines. We show that 1→31 \rightarrow 3 optimal cloner does a better job at broadcasting than the successive application of 1→21 \rightarrow 2 cloners and the successive method can be beneficial in the absence of 1→31 \rightarrow 3 cloners. We also bring out the fundamental difference between the tasks of cloning and broadcasting in the final part of the manuscript. We create examples to show that there exist local unitaries which can be employed to give a better range for broadcasting. Such unitary operations are not only economical, but also surpass the best possible range obtained using existing cloning machines enabling broadcasting of lesser entangled states. This result opens up a new direction in exploration of methods to facilitate broadcasting which may outperform the standard strategies implemented through cloning transformations.Comment: Edited sections, changed figures, to be published in Physical Review

    Exploiting spontaneous transmissions for broadcasting and leader election in radio networks

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    We study two fundamental communication primitives: broadcasting and leader election in the classical model of multi-hop radio networks with unknown topology and without collision detection mechanisms. It has been known for almost 20 years that in undirected networks with n nodes and diameter D, randomized broadcasting requires Ω(D log n/D + log2 n) rounds, assuming that uninformed nodes are not allowed to communicate (until they are informed). Only very recently, Haeupler and Wajc (PODC'2016) showed that this bound can be improved for the model with spontaneous transmissions, providing an O(D log n log log n/log D + logO(1) n)-time broadcasting algorithm. In this article, we give a new and faster algorithm that completes broadcasting in O(D log n/log D + logO(1) n) time, succeeding with high probability. This yields the first optimal O(D)-time broadcasting algorithm whenever n is polynomial in D. Furthermore, our approach can be applied to design a new leader election algorithm that matches the performance of our broadcasting algorithm. Previously, all fast randomized leader election algorithms have used broadcasting as a subroutine and their complexity has been asymptotically strictly larger than the complexity of broadcasting. In particular, the fastest previously known randomized leader election algorithm of Ghaffari and Haeupler (SODA'2013) requires O(D log n/D min {log log n, log n/D} + logO(1) n)-time, succeeding with high probability. Our new algorithm again requires O(D log n/log D + logO(1) n) time, also succeeding with high probability

    A generalized no-broadcasting theorem

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    We prove a generalized version of the no-broadcasting theorem, applicable to essentially \emph{any} nonclassical finite-dimensional probabilistic model satisfying a no-signaling criterion, including ones with ``super-quantum'' correlations. A strengthened version of the quantum no-broadcasting theorem follows, and its proof is significantly simpler than existing proofs of the no-broadcasting theorem.Comment: 4 page

    Satellite Broadcasting Enabled Blockchain Protocol: A Preliminary Study

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    Low throughput has been the biggest obstacle of large-scale blockchain applications. During the past few years, researchers have proposed various schemes to improve the systems' throughput. However, due to the inherent inefficiency and defects of the Internet, especially in data broadcasting tasks, these efforts all rendered unsatisfactory. In this paper, we propose a novel blockchain protocol which utilizes the satellite broadcasting network instead of the traditional Internet for data broadcasting and consensus tasks. An automatic resumption mechanism is also proposed to solve the unique communication problems of satellite broadcasting. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm has a lower communication cost and can greatly improve the throughput of the blockchain system. Theoretical estimation of a satellite broadcasting enabled blockchain system's throughput is 6,000,000 TPS with a 20 gbps satellite bandwidth.Comment: Accepted by 2020 Information Communication Technologies Conference (ICTC 2020

    Superbroadcasting of mixed states

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    We derive the optimal universal broadcasting for mixed states of qubits. We show that the nobroadcasting theorem cannot be generalized to more than a single input copy. Moreover, for four or more input copies it is even possible to purify the input states while broadcasting. We name such purifying broadcasting superbroadcasting.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, to appear on Phys. Rev. Let

    No-local-broadcasting theorem for quantum correlations

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    We prove that the correlations present in a multipartite quantum state have an \emph{operational} quantum character as soon as the state does not simply encode a multipartite classical probability distribution, i.e. does not describe the joint state of many classical registers. Even unentangled states may exhibit such \emph{quantumness}, that is pointed out by the new task of \emph{local broadcasting}, i.e. of locally sharing pre-established correlations: this task is feasible if and only if correlations are classical and derive a no-local-broadcasting theorem for quantum correlations. Thus, local broadcasting is able to point out the quantumness of correlations, as standard broadcasting points out the quantum character of single system states. Further, we argue that our theorem implies the standard no-broadcasting theorem for single systems, and that our operative approach leads in a natural way to the definition of measures for quantumness of correlations.Comment: 5 pages, various changes (title, shortened, references added, corrected typos,...), submitte

    Superbroadcasting of conjugate quantum variables

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    We consider the problem of broadcasting arbitrary states of radiation modes from N to M>N copies by a map that preserves the average value of the field and optimally reduces the total noise in conjugate variables. For N>=2 the broadcasting can be achieved perfectly, and for sufficiently noisy input states one can even purify the state while broadcasting--the so-called superbroadcasting. For purification (i.e. M<=N), the reduction of noise is independent of M. Similar results are proved for broadcasting with phase-conjugation. All the optimal maps can be implemented by linear optics and linear amplification.Comment: 7 pages, 1 eps figures. Accepted for publication on Europhysics Letter
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