70,623 research outputs found

    Bipolar current driver for memory circuits

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    Circuit which logically determines the state of a flip-flop and amplifies the current from a clock pulse provides a bipolar driving current to a memory circuit, the polarity of which is determined by the state of a flip-flop. This principle may be applied to various memory driving circuits where power dissipation must be minimized

    Ablation sensor

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    Sensor device with switches for measuring surface recession of charring and noncharring ablator

    Flipflop interrogator and bi-polar current driver Patent

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    Interrogator and current driver circuit for combination with transistor flip-flop circui

    Three Numerical Puzzles and the Top Quark's Chiral Weak-Moment

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    Versus the standard model's t --> W b decay helicity amplitudes, three numerical puzzles occur at the 0.1 % level when one considers the amplitudes in the case of an additional (f_M + f_E) coupling of relative strength 53 GeV. The puzzles are theoretical ones which involve the t --> W b decay helicity amplitudes in the two cases, the relative strength of this additional coupling, and the observed masses of these three particles. A deeper analytic realization is obtained for two of them. Equivalent realizations are given for the remaining one. An empirical consequence of these analytic realizations is that it is important to search for effects of a large chiral weak-moment of the top-quark, the effective mass-scale is about 53 GeV. A full theoretical resolution would include relating the origin of such a chiral weak-moment and the mass generation of the top-quark, the W-boson, and probably the b-quark.Comment: 18 pages, 1 postscript table (revised to better explain notation, model #1, add a little material...

    Iron Emission in the z=6.4 Quasar SDSS J114816.64+525150.3

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    We present near-infrared J and K-band spectra of the z = 6.4 quasar SDSS J114816.64+525150.3 obtained with the NIRSPEC spectrograph at the Keck-II telescope, covering the rest-frame spectral regions surrounding the C IV 1549 and Mg II 2800 emission lines. The iron emission blend at rest wavelength 2900-3000 A is clearly detected and its strength appears nearly indistinguishable from that of typical quasars at lower redshifts. The Fe II / Mg II ratio is also similar to values found for lower-redshift quasars, demonstrating that there is no strong evolution in Fe/alpha broad-line emission ratios even out to z=6.4. In the context of current models for iron enrichment from Type Ia supernovae, this implies that the SN Ia progenitor stars formed at z > 10. We apply the scaling relations of Vestergaard and of McLure & Jarvis to estimate the black hole mass from the widths of the C IV and Mg II emission lines and the ultraviolet continuum luminosity. The derived mass is in the range (2-6)x10^9 solar masses, with an additional uncertainty of a factor of 3 due to the intrinsic scatter in the scaling relations. This result is in agreement with the previous mass estimate of 3x10^9 solar masses by Willott, McLure, & Jarvis, and supports their conclusion that the quasar is radiating close to its Eddington luminosity.Comment: To appear in ApJ Letter

    Quantum geometry from 2+1 AdS quantum gravity on the torus

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    Wilson observables for 2+1 quantum gravity with negative cosmological constant, when the spatial manifold is a torus, exhibit several novel features: signed area phases relate the observables assigned to homotopic loops, and their commutators describe loop intersections, with properties that are not yet fully understood. We describe progress in our study of this bracket, which can be interpreted as a q-deformed Goldman bracket, and provide a geometrical interpretation in terms of a quantum version of Pick's formula for the area of a polygon with integer vertices.Comment: 19 pages, 11 figures, revised with more explanations, improved figures and extra figures. To appear GER

    Flow properties of suspensions rich in solids

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    Mathematical evaluation of flow properties of fluids carrying high concentrations of solids in suspension relates suspension viscosity to physical properties of the solids and liquids, and provides a means for predicting flow behavior. A technique for calculating a suspensions flow rates is applicable to the design of pipelines
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