PROKLA - Zeitschrift für kritische Sozialwissenschaft

    Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Politik: Die sozialwissenschaftliche Bedingtheit linker Reformpolitik

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    Leonhard Dobusch, Jakob Kapeller: Economy, Economics and Politics: On the SocioscientificConditionality of Progressivism. Neoliberal hegemony in politics and neoclassicaldominance in economics are closely intertwined. For a comeback of reform-oriented progressivism,which is dependent upon reliable and pluralistic socio-scientific research, overcomingthis neoclassical dominance is a conditio sine qua non. Paradigmatic change in economics is,however, unlikely to happen even after neoclassical deficiencies have become obvious in thecourse of the financial crisis, due to several reciprocally enforcing institutional factors such ascareer opportunities, disciplinary discourse culture, and citation-based research evaluation.Based on this analysis, we sketch inner- and extradisciplinary avenues for (re-)pluralizingeconomics as a discipline

    On Class Politics, the New Right and the Failures of Identity Politics: A Critical Commentary

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     How to explain the relative success of the AfD in Germany, the presidential election of Donald Trump in the USA, the Brexit vote or the popularity of the Right in France and elsewhere in Europe? Moreover, why did the Left not see this authoritarian turn coming? One prominent suggestion has been that the Left abandoned the white working class, thereby becoming the inadvertent midwife of a right-wing resurgence. Significant blame for this is in turn apportioned to the emergence of ‘identity politics’. In this essay, the authors take issue with this line of argumentation and criticise some of the implicit assumptions they consider problematic in current debates on the Left regarding the relationship between gender, race, class and emancipatory politics. They argue that struggles against both neoliberalism and the New Right require intersectional analyses of contemporary global class relations that do not abandon the important achievements and insights of new and newest social movements. How to explain the relative success of the AfD in Germany, the presidential election of Donald Trump in the USA, the Brexit vote or the popularity of the Right in France and elsewhere in Europe? Moreover, why did the Left not see this authoritarian turn coming? One prominent suggestion has been that the Left abandoned the white working class, thereby becoming the inadvertent midwife of a right-wing resurgence. Significant blame for this is in turn apportioned to the emergence of ‘identity politics’. In this essay, the authors take issue with this line of argumentation and criticise some of the implicit assumptions they consider problematic in current debates on the Left regarding the relationship between gender, race, class and emancipatory politics. They argue that struggles against both neoliberalism and the New Right require intersectional analyses of contemporary global class relations that do not abandon the important achievements and insights of new and newest social movements

    Citizenship by work? Arbeitsmarkpolitik im Flüchtlingsschutz zwischen Öffnung und Selektion

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    The paper discusses current changes of the German labor market for certain groups of refugees. On the one hand, we can observe a partial opening of the labor market. Especially the economy welcomes the idea of opening the labor market for refugees. On the other hand, this policy establishes a perspective that puts a strong emphasis on economical benefits, even in the field of refugee protection. This policy is inconsistent with the idea of human rights, which state a right to work. Some researchers argue that the access to the labor market will be a chance to get citizenship rights. In contrast to this view, I argue that the focus on labor market participation leads to a classification of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ refugees. At the same time, the partial opening is a gateway for ‘activation policies’ with different sanctions intervening into the refugee protection system

    The Heidi Complex: Gender, Feminism and the Disgust of „Egalitarianism“

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    Since about 10 years we are experiencing a strengthening of conservative and right-wing parties and movements in Europe. Part of this development have been increasingly antifeminist politics: Constant attacks against feminist demands, activism and protagonists, while reclaiming traditional, biologistic familiy models and gender roles. More recently, the conservative targets have shifted from antifeminist assaults to a criticism of the concept of „gender“. This new form of attack does not argue against women’s rights or women’s equality, but rather against the so-called ideology of „genderism.“ They construe „genderism“ as a new dangerous ideology that – after the historical success of feminism – intends to destroy all gender-rules, including gender binaries and heteronormativity. The articles elaborates on this discursive shift.Since about 10 years we are experiencing a strengthening of conservative and right-wing parties and movements in Europe. Part of this development have been increasingly antifeminist politics: Constant attacks against feminist demands, activism and protagonists, while reclaiming traditional, biologistic familiy models and gender roles. More recently, the conservative targets have shifted from antifeminist assaults to a criticism of the concept of „gender“. This new form of attack does not argue against women’s rights or women’s equality, but rather against the so-called ideology of „genderism.“ They construe „genderism“ as a new dangerous ideology that – after the historical success of feminism – intends to destroy all gender-rules, including gender binaries and heteronormativity. The articles elaborates on this discursive shift

    Editorial: Klassentheorien

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    Editorial: Klassentheorie

    An den Grenzen des American Empire: Geopolitische Folgen des chinesischen Aufstiegs1

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    During the last decade, China has become an active player in global political economy. China’s rise has led to important structural changes: First, China is close to replace the US as the “consumer of last resort” in the world economy, thus, being able to influence states and companies in other world regions by granting or restricting access to its huge domestic market. Second, China is heavily investing in infrastructure and commodity supply chains in the Global South, thereby gaining control over important trade routes. And, third, China has become a major creditor of several governments, thus, challenging US-dominated international financial institutions such as the IMF. The paper draws on World-Systems Analysis in order to give an assessment of these developments. Even though China’s influence in global political economy is likely to continue to grow, internal and external factors (China’s increasing economic woes and the US counterstrategy in East Asia) might stall China’s rise

    Kritische Gesellschaftstheorie: Analyse der Kräfteverhältnisse oder Zeitdiagnose – mit einem Seitenblick auf die Beiträge von Slavoj Žižek

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    The article approaches Slavoj Žižeks recent works on the condition of late capitalism in three steps: in the first chapter the approach of Adorno’s cultural critique is presents, in the second chapter Gramsci’s and Poulantzas’ ways of analyzing the relations of class forces. It is argued that both approaches contribute essential and complementary concepts and it would be worth to integrate them in one overall approach. In the third chapter Slavoj Žižek’s work is examined to find out if and in which way it contributes to such an integration

    Editorial: Demokratie und Herrschaft, Parlamentarismus und Parteien

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    Editorial: Demokratie und Herrschaft, Parlamentarismus und Parteie

    Industrieller Kapitalismus und Finanzmarktrationalität – am Beispiel des Umbruchs in der (traditionellen) deutschen Großchemie

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    The paper deals with fiancialisation in the German chemical and pharmaceutical industry, focussed on Hoechst, Bayer, and BASF. Important restructuring in each of these companies is justified by financial markets’ requirements. However, that restructuring has not been enforced by institutional investors or financial markets, it was driven by dominant management coalitions referring to financial rationality. Therefore the outcome of financialisation of rather similar companies has been extremely heterogeneous. The most important general outcome was the end of the technology based integrated chemical and pharmaceutical company as a paradigm for the core of the industry. An important social outcome was the increased heterogenity and differentiation of wage and labour conditions where homogeneous standards based on one overall collective agreement used to be in force, with only upward variation by companies. As decisions on what financialisation may be in big companies are a matter of strategic choice, workers and labour representatives may be able to influence respective strategies, depending on their ability and preparedness to draw on power resources in collaboration

    Industrialisierung und Konzentration: Die Analyse eines Zusammenhangs am Beispiel des Saatgutmarktes

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    The connection between economies of scale and concentration tendencies in markets has mostly been marginalized in the neoclassic tradition. This article focusses on the interconnection between industrialization – which is the sociological concept for economies of scale – and market concentration. The introduced theoretical concepts should be applied to the current developments in the seed sector which was under radical change in the last thirty years. The outcome of this transition is a highly concentrated seed market and the predominance of agrochemical companies in this sector
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