252 research outputs found

    Virukset

    Get PDF

    EU:n maatilatypologia Suomessa

    Get PDF
    This publication presents a description of the Community typology for agricultural holdings and the way how that is applied in Finland. The objective of the Community typology is to achieve a uniform classification of holdings in the European Union. The classification is based on the type of farming and the economic size, which are determined on the basis of standard gross margin. The Community typology for agricultural holding and the statistics where it is applied, the Community Farm Accountancy Data Network and the Community farm structure survey are based to the EU legislation. Joining to the EU in 1995 has meant that the stipulations concerning the typology and its applications entered into force also in Finland. The first half of this publication presents a thorough description of the Community typology as well as its main applications. This part also includes the description of the method of classifying the holdings in parallel statistics in Finland. In the empirical part of the publication the Finnish farms are classified according the Community typology rules. The physical characteristics of the holdings are based on the Rural Business Register. The standard gross margins for each characteristic are calculated for four geografical regions in a way agreed with Eurostat and DG VI. The outcome is the breakdown of Finnish farms by type farming and by economic size based on the Community typology. The first concrete applications of the new typology system in Finland are the determination of the sample needed for the Community Farm Accountancy Data Network and the Community Farm Structure Survey. In the last part of the publication the first sample for FADN in Finland is determined. The Community typology has many benefits in the future in Finland. It will be one important base for international comparations between holdings. It also facilitates for example the development of the calculation the results of Finnish bookkeeping farms. When the same typology is used the results of the bookkeeping farms can be extrapolated to those field of observation.vokMTT Taloustutkimus (MTTL)The community typology for agricultural holdings in Finlan

    Arvokasvit talteen - esimerkkinä koristekasvien geenivarat. Loppuraportti hankkeesta Avoin Geenivara

    Get PDF
    Viherrakentamisen kasvien eli avomaan koristekasvien geenivarojen s√§ilytys tapahtuu t√§ll√§ hetkell√§ kansallisissa kentt√§kokoelmissa. Koristepensaista ja pikkupuista keskeisimpien lajien ja viljelykantojen geenivarojen s√§ilyminen on jo j√§rjestetty n√§iss√§ kokoelmissa. Taimistojen tuotannossa pitk√§√§n olleiden, keskeisten perennasukujen geenivarojen s√§ilytys on my√∂s turvattu. Lis√§ksi koristekasveja on ker√§tty useissa paikallisissa hankkeissa, ja niiden s√§ilymist√§ on varmistettu esimerkiksi paikallismuseoissa. Yhdistykset ovat ker√§nneet vanhoja koristekasveja. Arboretumeissa on arvokkaita kokoelmia erityisesti puuvartisista kasveista. Koristekasveissa on kuitenkin useita ryhmi√§, joista ei ole tehty ker√§yst√§, ja joiden s√§ilymist√§ ei ole turvattu. Tiedossa on ollut, ett√§ yksityishenkil√∂ill√§ on paljon vanhoja, arvokkaita koristekasveja. Kasvigeenivarojen s√§ilytyksen toteuttamisessa kansalaiset ovat t√§rkeit√§, sill√§ heid√§n kauttaan saadaan arvokkaita aineistoja pelastettua, tietoa geenivaroista ja innostuneita tekij√∂it√§ geenivaraohjelman toteutukseen. Yhten√§ist√§ tietoj√§rjestelm√§√§ kasvigeenivaratiedon hallinnalle ei ole ollut k√§yt√∂ss√§. My√∂s kaikille avoin kanava kasvitiedon ilmoittamista ja vastaanottamista varten on puuttunut. Avoin Geenivara -hankkeessa 1) kartoitettiin yksityishenkil√∂ill√§ ja yhteis√∂ill√§ olevia koristekasveja; 2) rakennettiin tietoj√§rjestelm√§ kasvitiedon ilmoittamista, vastaanottamista ja t√§ydent√§mist√§ varten; 3) selvitettiin haastatteluin yksityiskokoelmien omistajien mahdollisuuksia toimia geenivaras√§ilytt√§jin√§; 4) koottiin yhteen toimenpidetarpeet kasvigeenivarojen s√§ilytysverkoston luomiseksi. Yksityishenkil√∂ilt√§ ja yhteis√∂ilt√§ saatiin ilmoituksia tuhansista arvokkaista kasvikannoista yli 600 ilmoittajalta. Kasvinpolku-tietoj√§rjestelm√§ rakennettiin palvelemaan koko kasvigeenivaraty√∂t√§. Siin√§ ovat valmiina kaikille avoin ilmoitusosa, johon kuka tahansa voi ilmoittaa tietoja vanhoista puutarha-ja peltokasveista, ja yll√§pito-osio, jossa tietoja voidaan muokata ja t√§ydent√§√§, ja johon tallennetaan kasvitietojen lis√§ksi kasvien s√§ilytt√§jien tiedot. Kasvi-ilmoituksen voi tehd√§ osoitteessa www.luke.fi/ilmoitakasvi. Hankkeessa haastateltiin yksityishenkil√∂it√§, jotka olivat ilmoittaneet useista vanhoista kasveista tai kokoelmasta. Yksityishenkil√∂t ovat kiinnostuneita osallistumaan geenivarojen s√§ilytysty√∂h√∂n ja tekem√§√§n m√§√§r√§ajaksi s√§ilytyssopimuksen. S√§ilytysty√∂n koordinaattoritaholta odotetaan tukea ja ohjausta s√§ilytysty√∂h√∂n. Julkisten laitosten on mahdollista osallistua s√§ilytysty√∂h√∂n, mik√§li taloudellista tukea on saatavissa ty√∂voiman palkkaamiseen ja muihin kuluihin. Koristekasvien geenivarojen s√§ilytyst√§ varten kasvit voitaisiin ryhmitell√§ kategorioihin, joiden s√§ilytys toteutetaan kullekin ryhm√§lle sopivalla tavalla: 1) tuotannossa s√§ilyv√§t; 2) ‚ÄĚvaali n√§it√§‚ÄĚ -periaatteella s√§ilytett√§v√§t; 3) julkisten toimijoiden verkostossa ja yksityisten kerhoissa s√§ilytett√§v√§t; 4) keskuskokoelmissa s√§ilytett√§v√§t; 5) vastaanottopaikan tarvitsevat uhanalaiset kokoelmat ja lajit.Saving genetic resources of ornamental plants is organized in vegetative field collections. The most important woody shrubs and small trees are already being conserved in these collections. Perennial species which have for decades been cultivated in nurseries are saved as well. In addition, ornamental plants have been collected in numerous local projects, and they have been planted in gardens around local museums. Some associations have arranged collecting of old ornamentals. In arboreta, there are valuable collections especially of woody plants. However, there are still many ornamental plant groups, which haven‚Äôt been collected, and the conservation has not been arranged. It is known that private people have lots of old valuable ornamental plants. The role of citizens and associations is important in saving plant genetic resources, because they inform on valuable plants and promote saving old plants. Until now no uniform data system for the management of plant genetic data and no public channel for announcing old plants have been available. The project ‚ÄĚOpen Genetic Collections‚ÄĚ included four steps: 1. a survey on the plants in private collections was done; 2. a data management system was built for giving, accepting and completing announcements of plants; 3. owners of private collections were interviewed in order to survey the requirements for taking part in conservation of plant genetic resources; 4. the action needs for creating a plant genetic resource conservation net were reported. Thousands of old valuable plants were announced by more than 600 private persons and associations. A data management system, called ‚ÄĚKasvinpolku‚ÄĚ (‚ÄĚPath for plants‚ÄĚ), was built for the needs of the National Plant Genetic Resources Programme for Agriculture and Forestry. The channel for public announcements of garden and agriculture plants is ready for use as well as the system for managing the information on plants and their owners. Private people who had made announcements of numerous plants were interviewed. Private people are interested in participating in saving plant genetic resources and making an agreement on the subject for a fixed period. Support and guidance are expected from the coordinator of the conservation. Public institutes, such as museums and schools, are able to participate, if financial subvention is available. For the conservation, ornamental plants should be classified in groups and each group should then be saved in the most appropriate way: 1. Some of the old ornamentals are still produced and saved in production. 2. Common, easily propagated plants with the least requirements should be saved according to the principle ‚Äútake care of these plants‚ÄĚ. By sharing information on plants, allotment gardens, home district associations, old villages etc. should be bound to conservation work. 3. For rare, demanding plants, coordinated collections should be built up in the areas of public institutes. As for private persons participating in the conservation of these plants, clubs should be established. Therefore private collections should have a role as duplicate collections. 4. National central collections should exist for a certain part of rare, demanding species. 5. In addition, a place for receiving endangered plants and collections is needed.201

    Jokioisten puutarhoissa viljelykasvien historiaa

    Get PDF
    Näytä koko lehti</a

    Krysanteemin valkoruoste (Puccinia horiana)

    Get PDF

    Viroidit

    Get PDF

    Palmuripsiäinen (Thrips palmi)

    Get PDF

    Kasvinterveyden riskinhallinta

    Get PDF

    Miinaajakärpäset (Liriomyza spp.)

    Get PDF

    Taimimateriaalin tarkistaminen ja kasvintuhoojien tarkkailu

    Get PDF
    • ‚Ķ
    corecore