2,674 research outputs found

    Simultaneous Continuation of Infinitely Many Sinks Near a Quadratic Homoclinic Tangency

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    We prove that the C3C^3 diffeomorphisms on surfaces, exhibiting infinitely many sinksnear the generic unfolding of a quadratic homoclinic tangency of a dissipative saddle, can be perturbed along an infinite dimensional manifold of C3C^3 diffeomorphisms such that infinitely many sinks persist simultaneously. On the other hand, if they are perturbed along one-parameter families that unfold generically the quadratic tangencies, then at most a finite number of those sinks have continuation

    Infinitely Many Stochastically Stable Attractors

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    Let f be a diffeomorphism of a compact finite dimensional boundaryless manifold M exhibiting infinitely many coexisting attractors. Assume that each attractor supports a stochastically stable probability measure and that the union of the basins of attraction of each attractor covers Lebesgue almost all points of M. We prove that the time averages of almost all orbits under random perturbations are given by a finite number of probability measures. Moreover these probability measures are close to the probability measures supported by the attractors when the perturbations are close to the original map f.Comment: 14 pages, 2 figure

    Absence of kinetic effects in reaction-diffusion processes in scale-free networks

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    We show that the chemical reactions of the model systems of A+A->0 and A+B->0 when performed on scale-free networks exhibit drastically different behavior as compared to the same reactions in normal spaces. The exponents characterizing the density evolution as a function of time are considerably higher than 1, implying that both reactions occur at a much faster rate. This is due to the fact that the discerning effects of the generation of a depletion zone (A+A) and the segregation of the reactants (A+B) do not occur at all as in normal spaces. Instead we observe the formation of clusters of A (A+A reaction) and of mixed A and B (A+B reaction) around the hubs of the network. Only at the limit of very sparse networks is the usual behavior recovered.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, to be published in Physical Review Letter

    Generic dynamics of 4-dimensional C2 Hamiltonian systems

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    We study the dynamical behaviour of Hamiltonian flows defined on 4-dimensional compact symplectic manifolds. We find the existence of a C2-residual set of Hamiltonians for which every regular energy surface is either Anosov or it is in the closure of energy surfaces with zero Lyapunov exponents a.e. This is in the spirit of the Bochi-Mane dichotomy for area-preserving diffeomorphisms on compact surfaces and its continuous-time version for 3-dimensional volume-preserving flows

    The Economic Impacts of the Tobacco Settlement

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    Recent litigation against major tobacco companies culminated in a Master Settlement Agreement' (MSA) under which the participating companies agreed to compensate most states for Medicaid expenses. We outline the terms of the settlement and analyze whether it was a move toward economic efficiency using data from Massachusetts. Medicaid spending will fall, but only a modest amount ($0.1 billion). The efficiency issue turns mainly on the treatment of health benefits from reduced smoking induced by the settlement. We conclude that the settlement was a move towards economic efficiency.

    On stochastic sea of the standard map

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    Consider a generic one-parameter unfolding of a homoclinic tangency of an area preserving surface diffeomorphism. We show that for many parameters (residual subset in an open set approaching the critical value) the corresponding diffeomorphism has a transitive invariant set Ω\Omega of full Hausdorff dimension. The set Ω\Omega is a topological limit of hyperbolic sets and is accumulated by elliptic islands. As an application we prove that stochastic sea of the standard map has full Hausdorff dimension for sufficiently large topologically generic parameters.Comment: 36 pages, 5 figure

    On the arithmetic sums of Cantor sets

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    Let C_\la and C_\ga be two affine Cantor sets in R\mathbb{R} with similarity dimensions d_\la and d_\ga, respectively. We define an analog of the Bandt-Graf condition for self-similar systems and use it to give necessary and sufficient conditions for having \Ha^{d_\la+d_\ga}(C_\la + C_\ga)>0 where C_\la + C_\ga denotes the arithmetic sum of the sets. We use this result to analyze the orthogonal projection properties of sets of the form C_\la \times C_\ga. We prove that for Lebesgue almost all directions θ\theta for which the projection is not one-to-one, the projection has zero (d_\la + d_\ga)-dimensional Hausdorff measure. We demonstrate the results on the case when C_\la and C_\ga are the middle-(1-2\la) and middle-(1-2\ga) sets
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