1,407 research outputs found

    Coherent single electron spin control in a slanting Zeeman field

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    We consider a single electron in a 1D quantum dot with a static slanting Zeeman field. By combining the spin and orbital degrees of freedom of the electron, an effective quantum two-level (qubit) system is defined. This pseudo-spin can be coherently manipulated by the voltage applied to the gate electrodes, without the need for an external time-dependent magnetic field or spin-orbit coupling. Single qubit rotations and the C-NOT operation can be realized. We estimated relaxation (T1T_1) and coherence (T2T_{2}) times, and the (tunable) quality factor. This scheme implies important experimental advantages for single electron spin control.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Two path transport measurements on a triple quantum dot

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    We present an advanced lateral triple quantum dot made by local anodic oxidation. Three dots are coupled in a starlike geometry with one lead attached to each dot thus allowing for multiple path transport measurements with two dots per path. In addition charge detection is implemented using a quantum point contact. Both in charge measurements as well as in transport we observe clear signatures of states from each dot. Resonances of two dots can be established allowing for serial transport via the corresponding path. Quadruple points with all three dots in resonance are prepared for different electron numbers and analyzed concerning the interplay of the simultaneously measured transport along both paths.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    The Non-homogeneous Poisson Process for Fast Radio Burst Rates

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    This paper presents the non-homogeneous Poisson process (NHPP) for modeling the rate of fast radio bursts (FRBs) and other infrequently observed astronomical events. The NHPP, well-known in statistics, can model changes in the rate as a function of both astronomical features and the details of an observing campaign. This is particularly helpful for rare events like FRBs because the NHPP can combine information across surveys, making the most of all available information. The goal of the paper is two-fold. First, it is intended to be a tutorial on the use of the NHPP. Second, we build an NHPP model that incorporates beam patterns and a power law flux distribution for the rate of FRBs. Using information from 12 surveys including 15 detections, we find an all-sky FRB rate of 586.88 events per sky per day above a flux of 1 Jy (95\% CI: 271.86, 923.72) and a flux power-law index of 0.91 (95\% CI: 0.57, 1.25). Our rate is lower than other published rates, but consistent with the rate given in Champion et al. 2016.Comment: 19 pages, 2 figure

    Unexpected Conductance Dip in the Kondo Regime of Linear Arrays of Quantum Dots

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    Using exact-diagonalization of small clusters and Dyson equation embedding techniques, the conductance GG of linear arrays of quantum dots is investigated. The Hubbard interaction induces Kondo peaks at low temperatures for an odd number of dots. Remarkably, the Kondo peak is split in half by a deep minimum, and the conductance vanishes at one value of the gate voltage. Tentative explanations for this unusual effect are proposed, including an interference process between two channels contributing to GG, with one more and one less particle than the exactly-solved cluster ground-state. The Hubbard interaction and fermionic statistics of electrons also appear to be important to understand this phenomenon. Although most of the calculations used a particle-hole symmetric Hamiltonian and formalism, results also presented here show that the conductance dip exists even when this symmetry is broken. The conductance cancellation effect obtained using numerical techniques is potentially interesting, and other many-body techniques should be used to confirm its existence

    Molecular states in carbon nanotube double quantum dots

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    We report electrical transport measurements through a semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) with three additional top-gates. At low temperatures the system acts as a double quantum dot with large inter-dot tunnel coupling allowing for the observation of tunnel-coupled molecular states extending over the whole double-dot system. We precisely extract the tunnel coupling and identify the molecular states by the sequential-tunneling line shape of the resonances in differential conductance.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Parity-dependent Kondo effect in ultrasmall metallic grains

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    We study the Kondo effect in an ultrasmall metallic grain, i.e. small enough to have a discrete energy-level spectrum, by calculating the susceptibility chi of the magnetic impurity. Our quantum Monte Carlo simulations, and analytic solution of a simple model, show that the behavior changes dramatically depending on whether the number of electrons in the grain is even or odd. We suggest that the measurements of chi provide an effective experimental way of probing the grain's number parity.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figures, accepted for publication on Europhysics Letter
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