2,513 research outputs found

### Hard Exclusive Electroproduction of Two Pions off Proton and Deuteron at HERMES

Exclusive electroproduction of $\pi^+\pi^-$ pairs off hydrogen and deuterium
targets has been studied with the HERMES experiment. The angular distribution
of the $\pi^+$ in the $\pi^+\pi^-$ rest system has been studied in the
invariant mass range $0.3 < m_{\pi\pi} <1.5$ GeV.
Theoretical models derived in the framework of the Generalized Parton
Distributions show that this angular distribution receives only contributions
from the interference between the isoscalar channel I=0 and the isovector
channel I=1.Comment: 5 pages, LaTex, 9 EPS figures. Talk given by R.Fabbri at SPIN 2002,
BNL. References modifie

### Jet Quenching: the medium modification of the single and double fragmentation functions

The physics of the quenching of hard jets in dense matter is briefly
reviewed. This is presented within the framework of the partonic medium
modification of the fragmentation functions. Modifications in both deeply
inelastic scattering (DIS) off large nuclei and high-energy heavy-ion
collisions are presented.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, Proceedings of the First Meeting of the APS
Topical Group on Hadronic Physics, Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, Oct 24-26,
200

### Investigations of Azimuthal Asymmetry in Semi-Inclusive Leptoproduction

We consider the azimuthal asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep inelastic
leptoproduction arising due to both perturbative and nonperturbative effects at
HERMES energies and show that the $k_T^2/Q^2$ order corrections to $< \cos\phi
>$ and $are significant. We also reconsider the results of
perturbative effects for$ at large momentum transfers \cite{A1}
using the more recent sets of scale-dependent distribution and fragmentation
functions, which bring up to 18{%} difference in $. In the same
approach we calculate the$ as well.Comment: 8 pages, LaTeX, 6 PS figures, final version, to appear in EPJ

### The LHCspin project

The LHCspin project aims to bring both unpolarized and polarized physics at the LHC through the installation of a gaseous fixed target at the upstream end of the LHCb detector. The forward geometry of the LHCb spectrometer (2 < Î· < 5) is perfectly suited for the reconstruction of particles produced in fixed-target collisions. The fixed-target configuration, with center-of-mass energies ranging from âsNN = 72 GeV in collisions with Pb beams to âs = 115 GeV in pp interactions, allows to cover a wide backward center-of-mass rapidity region, corresponding to the poorly explored high x-Bjorken and high x-Feynman regimes. The project has several ambitious goals regarding heavy-ion physics and new-era quantitative searches in QCD through the study of the nucleon's internal dynamics in terms of both quarks and gluons degrees of freedom. In particular, the use of transversely polarized H and D targets will allow to study the quarks TMDs in pp collisions at unique kinematic conditions. Furthermore, being LHCb specifically designed for heavy-flavor physics, final states with c- or b-quarks (e.g. inclusive quarkonia production) will be efficiently reconstructed, thus providing, among other fundamental measurememnts, access to the so-far unknown gluons TMDs. The status of the project is presented along with a selection of physics opportunities

### High Pt hadron-hadron correlations

We propose the formulation of a dihadron fragmentation function in terms of
parton matrix elements. Under the collinear factorization approximation and
facilitated by the cut-vertex technique, the two hadron inclusive cross section
at leading order (LO) in e+ e- annihilation is shown to factorize into a short
distance parton cross section and the long distance dihadron fragmentation
function. We also derive the DGLAP evolution equation of this function at
leading log. The evolution equation for the non-singlet and singlet quark
fragmentation function and the gluon fragmentation function are solved
numerically with the initial condition taken from event generators.
Modifications to the dihadron fragmentation function from higher twist
corrections in DIS off nuclei are computed. Results are presented for cases of
physical interest.Comment: 7 pages, 8 figures, Latex, Proceedings of Hot Quarks 2004, July
18-24, Taos, New Mexic

### Hard spectra and QCD matter: experimental review

The most significant experimental results on hadron spectra at large
transverse momentum available at the time of Quark Matter 2004 conference are
reviewed. Emphasis is put on those measurements that provide insights on the
properties of the QCD media, ``Quark Gluon Plasma'' and ``Color Glass
Condensate'', expected to be present in nucleus-nucleus collisions at collider
energies.Comment: 2 plots updated. Minor changes in tex

### Nuclear Attenuation of high energy two-hadron system in the string model

Nuclear attenuation of the two-hadron system is considered in the string
model. The two-scale model and its improved version with two different choices
of constituent formation time and sets of parameters obtained earlier for the
single hadron attenuation, are used to describe available experimental data for
the $z$-dependence of subleading hadron, whereas satisfactory agreement with
the experimental data has been observed. A model prediction for
$\nu$-dependence of the nuclear attenuation of the two-hadron system is also
presented.Comment: 8 page

### Hadron attenuation in deep inelastic lepton-nucleus scattering

We present a detailed theoretical investigation of hadron attenuation in deep
inelastic scattering (DIS) off complex nuclei in the kinematic regime of the
HERMES experiment. The analysis is carried out in the framework of a
probabilistic coupled-channel transport model based on the
Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (BUU) equation, which allows for a treatment of the
final-state interactions (FSI) beyond simple absorption mechanisms.
Furthermore, our event-by-event simulations account for the kinematic cuts of
the experiments as well as the geometrical acceptance of the detectors. We
calculate the multiplicity ratios of charged hadrons for various nuclear
targets relative to deuterium as a function of the photon energy nu, the hadron
energy fraction z_h=E_h/nu and the transverse momentum p_T. We also confront
our model results on double-hadron attenuation with recent experimental data.
Separately, we compare the attenuation of identified hadrons (pi^\pm, \pi^0,
K^\pm, p and pbar) on Ne and Kr targets with the data from the HERMES
Collaboration and make predictions for a Xe target. At the end we turn towards
hadron attenuation on Cu nuclei at EMC energies. Our studies demonstrate that
(pre-)hadronic final-state interactions play a dominant role in the kinematic
regime of the HERMES experiment while our present approach overestimates the
attenuation at EMC energies.Comment: 61 pages, 19 figures, version accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

### On the asymptotic behaviour of solutions to the fractional porous medium equation with variable density

We are concerned with the long time behaviour of solutions to the fractional
porous medium equation with a variable spatial density. We prove that if the
density decays slowly at infinity, then the solution approaches the
Barenblatt-type solution of a proper singular fractional problem. If, on the
contrary, the density decays rapidly at infinity, we show that the minimal
solution multiplied by a suitable power of the time variable converges to the
minimal solution of a certain fractional sublinear elliptic equation.Comment: To appear in DCDS-

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