265,878 research outputs found

    Three dimensional massive scalar field theory and the derivative expansion of the renormalization group

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    We show that non-perturbative fixed points of the exact renormalization group, their perturbations and corresponding massive field theories can all be determined directly in the continuum -- without using bare actions or any tuning procedure. As an example, we estimate the universal couplings of the non-perturbative three-dimensional one-component massive scalar field theory in the Ising model universality class, by using a derivative expansion (and no other approximation). These are compared to the recent results from other methods. At order derivative-squared approximation, the four-point coupling at zero momentum is better determined by other methods, but factoring this out appropriately, all our other results are in very close agreement with the most powerful of these methods. In addition we provide for the first time, estimates of the n-point couplings at zero momentum, with n=12,14, and the order momentum-squared parts with n=2 ... 10.Comment: 33 pages, 1 eps figure, 7 tables; TeX + harvmac; version to appear in Nucl. Phys.

    Large N and the renormalization group

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    In the large N limit, we show that the Local Potential Approximation to the flow equation for the Legendre effective action, is in effect no longer an approximation, but exact - in a sense, and under conditions, that we determine precisely. We explain why the same is not true for the Polchinski or Wilson flow equations and, by deriving an exact relation between the Polchinski and Legendre effective potentials (that holds for all N), we find the correct large N limit of these flow equations. We also show that all forms (and all parts) of the renormalization group are exactly soluble in the large N limit, choosing as an example, D dimensional O(N) invariant N-component scalar field theory.Comment: 13 pages, uses harvmac; Added: one page with further clarification of the main results, discussion of earlier work, and new references. To be published in Phys. Lett.

    Destabilization of Neutron Stars by Type I Dimension Bubbles

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    An inhomogeneous compactification of a higher dimensional spacetime can result in the formation of type I dimension bubbles, i.e., nontopological solitons which tend to absorb and entrap massive particle modes. We consider possible consequences of a neutron star that harbors such a soliton. The astrophysical outcome depends upon the model parameters for the dimension bubble, with a special sensitivity to the bubble's energy scale. For relatively small energy scales, the bubble tends to rapidly consume the star without forming a black hole. For larger energy scales, the bubble grows to a critical mass, then forms a black hole within the star, which subsequently causes the remaining star to collapse. It is possible that the latter scenario is associated with core collapse explosions and gamma ray bursts.Comment: 8 pages; to appear in Phys.Lett.

    On the Fixed-Point Structure of Scalar Fields

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    In a recent Letter (K.Halpern and K.Huang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74 (1995) 3526), certain properties of the Local Potential Approximation (LPA) to the Wilson renormalization group were uncovered, which led the authors to conclude that D>2D>2 dimensional scalar field theories endowed with {\sl non-polynomial} interactions allow for a continuum of renormalization group fixed points, and that around the Gaussian fixed point, asymptotically free interactions exist. If true, this could herald very important new physics, particularly for the Higgs sector of the Standard Model. Continuing work in support of these ideas, has motivated us to point out that we previously studied the same properties and showed that they lead to very different conclusions. Indeed, in as much as the statements in hep-th/9406199 are correct, they point to some deep and beautiful facts about the LPA and its generalisations, but however no new physics.Comment: Typos corrected. A Comment - to be published in Phys. Rev. Lett. 1 page, 1 eps figure, uses LaTeX, RevTex and eps

    Derivative expansion of the renormalization group in O(N) scalar field theory

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    We apply a derivative expansion to the Legendre effective action flow equations of O(N) symmetric scalar field theory, making no other approximation. We calculate the critical exponents eta, nu, and omega at the both the leading and second order of the expansion, associated to the three dimensional Wilson-Fisher fixed points, at various values of N. In addition, we show how the derivative expansion reproduces exactly known results, at special values N=infinity,-2,-4, ... .Comment: 29 pages including 4 eps figures, uses LaTeX, epsfig, and latexsy
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