3,603 research outputs found

    A Mechanism for Baryogenesis in Low Energy Supersymmetry Breaking Models

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    A generic prediction of models where supersymmetry is broken at scales within a few orders of magnitude of the weak scale and is fed down to the observable sector by gauge interactions is the existence of superconducting cosmic strings which carry baryon number. In this paper we propose a novel mechanism for the generation of the baryon asymmetry which takes place at temperatures much lower than the weak scale. Superconducting strings act like ``bags'' containing the baryon charge and protect it from sphaleron wash-out throughout the evolution of the Universe, until baryon number violating processes become harmless. This mechanism is efficient even if the electroweak phase transition in the MSSM is of the second order and therefore does not impose any upper bound on the mass of the Higgs boson. (13kb)Comment: LaTeX file, 17 pages. One ref. adde

    String Theory, Space-Time Non-Commutativity and Structure Formation

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    A natural consequence of string theory is a non-commutative structure of space-time on microscopic scales. The existence of a minimal length, and a modification of the effective field theory are two consequences of this space-time non-commutativity. I will first explore some consequences of the modifications of the effective field theory for structure formation in the context of an inflationary cosmology. Then, I will explore the possibility that the existence of a minimal length will lead to a structure formation scenario different from inflation. Specifically, I will discuss recent work on string gas cosmology.Comment: 12 pages, 2 figures, based on an invited talk at the 21st Nishinomiya-Yukawa Memorial Symposium, Nov. 11 - 16, 2006, to be publ. in the proceedings (Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl.

    Matter Bounce in Horava-Lifshitz Cosmology

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    Horava-Lifshitz gravity, a recent proposal for a UV-complete renormalizable gravity theory, may lead to a bouncing cosmology. In this note we argue that Horava-Lifshitz cosmology may yield a concrete realization of the matter bounce scenario, and thus give rise to an alternative to inflation for producing a scale-invariant spectrum of cosmological perturbations. In this scenario, quantum vacuum fluctuations exit the Hubble radius in the pre-bounce phase and the spectrum is transformed into a scale-invariant one on super-Hubble scales before the bounce because the long wavelength modes undergo squeezing of their wave-functions for a longer period of time than shorter wavelength modes. The scale-invariance of the spectrum of curvature fluctuations is preserved during and after the bounce. A distinctive prediction of this scenario is the amplitude and shape of the bispectrum.Comment: 6 pages, 1 figure, a couple of minor wording change

    Perturbations in a Bouncing Brane Model

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    The question of how perturbations evolve through a bounce in the Cyclic and Ekpyrotic models of the Universe is still a matter of ongoing debate. In this report we show that the collision between boundary branes is in most cases singular even in the full 5-D formalism, and that first order perturbation theory breaks down for at least one perturbation variable. Only in the case that the boundary branes approach each other with constant velocity shortly before the bounce, can a consistent, non singular solution be found. It is then possible to follow the perturbations explicitly until the actual collision. In this case, we find that if a scale invariant spectrum developed on the hidden brane, it will get transferred to the visible brane during the bounce.Comment: 15 pages, minor modifications, a few typos correcte

    String Gas Baryogenesis

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    We describe a possible realization of the spontaneous baryogenesis mechanism in the context of extra-dimensional string cosmology and specifically in the string gas scenario.Comment: arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with 0808.0746 by different autho

    Principles, Progress and Problems in Inflationary Cosmology

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    Inflationary cosmology has become one of the cornerstones of modern cosmology. Inflation was the first theory within which it was possible to make predictions about the structure of the Universe on large scales, based on causal physics. The development of the inflationary Universe scenario has opened up a new and extremely promising avenue for connecting fundamental physics with experiment. This article summarizes the principles of inflationary cosmology, discusses progress in the field, focusing in particular on the mechanism by which initial quantum vacuum fluctuations develop into the seeds for the large-scale structure in the Universe, and highlights the important unsolved problems of the scenario. The case is made that new input from fundamental physics is needed in order to solve these problems, and that thus early Universe cosmology can become the testing ground for trans-Planckian physics.Comment: 8 pages, 8 figures commissioned article for the AAPPS Bulletin, appeared in 200
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