40 research outputs found

    Biogeochemical and microbial community structure differently modulates CO2 and CH4 dynamics in two adjacent volcanic lakes (Monticchio, Italy)

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    By hosting significant amounts of extra-atmospheric dissolved gases, including geogenic CO2 and CH4, volcanic lakes provide relevant ecosystem services through the key role the aquatic microbial community in mediating freshwater carbon fluxes. In view of elucidating the mechanisms governing the microbial spatial distribution and the possible implications for ecosystem functioning, we compared the hydrogeochemical features and the microbial community structure of two adjacent stratified volcanic lakes (Lake Grande - LG and Lake Piccolo - LP). Water chemistry, gases and their isotopic composition were coupled with microbial pigment profiling, cell counting, and phylogenetic analyses. LP showed transparent waters with low concentrations of chlorophyll-a and the occurrence of phycoerytrin-rich cyanobacteria. LG was relatively more eutrophic with a higher occurrence of diatoms and phycocyanine-rich cyanobacteria. Considering the higher concentrations of CO2 and CH4 in bottom waters, the oligotrophic LP was likely a more efficient sink of geogenic CO2 in comparison to the adjacent eutrophic LG. The prokaryotic community was dominated by the mixothrophic hgcI clade (family Sporichthyaceae) in the LG surface waters, while in LP this taxon was dominant down to -15 m. Moreover, in LP, the bottom dark waters harbored a unique strictly anaerobic bacterial assemblage associated with methanogenic Archaea (i.e. Methanomicrobiales), resulting in a high biogenic methane concentration. Water layering and light penetration were confirmed as major factors affecting the microbial distribution patterns. The observed differences in the geochemical and trophic conditions reflected the structure of the aquatic microbial community, with direct consequences on the dynamics of dissolved greenhouse gases

    Very deep, thermally stratified lakes

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    In very deep freshwater lakes, deep recirculation presents itself with remarkable differences to shallower lakes. We consider the stratification where density gradients are exclusively due to temperature differences. The annual circulation patterns are discussed for various climatic conditions. Very deep lakes do not necessarily produce full overturns during Tmd transition in autumn and spring. Peculiarities of the stratification are derived for cases, in which surface temperatures cross 4℃ during the annual cycle: Firstly, the asymmetry between autumn and spring circulation, secondly, the proximity of temperature to the Tmd profile, and thirdly, the isothermal deep water. We compare conceptual model results of horizontally homogeneous lakes with measurements in very deep caldera lakes in Japan (Lakes Ikeda, Tazawa, Toya, Kuttara and Shikotsu). Between oligomictic lakes and thermobarically stratified lakes, we have found lakes circulating reliably despite their enormous depth. We discuss susceptibility to climate variability supported by comparisons with single point measurements from the 1920s and 1930s

    Geothermal heat flux into deep caldera lakes Shikotsu, Kuttara, Tazawa and Towada

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    Geothermal heat fluxes into the deepest waters of four caldera lakes were measured. Temperature profiles within the stratification period between July and November 2007 allowed a quantification of the acquired heat. Due to their enormous depth, heat input from the lake bed was locally separated from heat fluxes at the surface. In conclusion, a direct measurement of geothermal heat input could be accomplished. Although enhanced geothermal activity could be suspected in all cases, two lakes showed a geothermal heat flux of 0.29 or 0.27 W/m(2) (Lake Shikotsu and Lake Tazawa), as found in other regions not affected by volcanism, while both other lakes (Lake Kuttara and Lake Towada) showed a greatly enhanced heat input of 1 or 18.6 W/m(2), respectively. In conclusion, within our investigated set, all lakes acquired more heat from the underground than the continental heat flux average. Hence, the heat flux into the lakes from the ground was not dominated by the temperature gradient implied by the inner heat of the earth. Other effects like the general temperature difference of deep lake water and the groundwater or local sources of heat in the underground deliver more important contributions. Obviously the flow of water in the underground can play a decisive role in the heat transport into the deep waters of lakes

    Monitorización y Análisis de la Desgasificación del Lago de la Corta Guadiana (Minas de Herrerías, Huelva): primer informe parcial

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    Nº de pág: 44 Soporte: pdfEste informe resume los trabajos llevados a cabo durante la primera campaña realizada sobre el terreno entre los días 11 y 15 de Septiembre de 2017, y en la que se montó e instaló la tubería de desgasificación en la zona central del lago para reducir los actuales niveles de concentración de anhídrido carbónico (CO2) y de presión total de gases disueltos en la zona profunda del lago artificial existente en la Corta Guadiana en Minas de Herrerías (Huelva).Departamento de Investigación en Recursos Geológicos, Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, EspañaUniversidad del Pais Vasco, EspañaHelmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung, Alemani

    Reconstructing Six Decades of Surface Temperatures at a Shallow Lake

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    Lake surface water temperature (LSWT) plays a fundamental role in the lake energy budget. However, direct observations of LSWT require considerable effort for acquisition and hence are rare relative to a large number of lakes. In lakes where LSWT has not been covered sufficiently by in situ measurements, remote sensing and lake modeling can be used to produce a fine spatio-temporal record of LSWTs. In our study, the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) LSWT was used to compare with in situ data at the overpass times over the six sites in Lake Chaohu, a large shallow lake in China. MODIS-derived LSWT reflected the variation of lake surface temperature well, with a correlation coefficient of 0.96 and a cool bias of 1.25 °C. The bias was modified by an “Upper Envelop” smoothing method and then employed to evaluate the general lake model (GLM) performance, a one-dimensional hydrodynamic model. The GLM simulations showed good performance compared with MODIS LSWT data at an interannual time scale. A 57-year record of simulated LSWT was hindcast by the well-calibrated GLM for Lake Chaohu. The results showed that LSWT decreased by 0.08 °C/year from 1960 to 1981 and then increased by 0.05 °C/year. These trends were most likely caused by a cooling effect of decreased surface incident solar radiation and a warming effect of reduced wind speed. Our study promoted the use of MODIS-derived LSWT as an alternative data source, and then combined with a numerical model for inland water surface temperature, and also further provided an understanding of climate warming effect on such a shallow eutrophic lake. Key points: (1) Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) lake water surface temperature (LSWT) was validated with real-time in situ data collected at Lake Chaohu with high accuracy; (2) MODIS LSWT was modified by the bias correction and employed to evaluate a one-dimensional lake model at interannual and intraannual scale; The LSWT hindcast by a well-calibrated model at Lake Chaohu decreased by 0.08 °C/year from 1960 to 1981 and increased by 0.05 °C/year from 1982 to 2016
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