2,439 research outputs found

    The PADME electromagnetic calorimeter

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    The PADME experiment, hosted at Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati in Italy, is going to start its data taking in September 2018. It is designed to search for the Dark Photon (indicated by the symbol A′), an hypothetical particle that can explain the Dark Matter elusiveness, possibly produced in the reaction e + e - → A′ γ. Together with the target, the segmented electromagnetic calorimeter is the most important component of the experiment, since it is needed to detect the recoil photon energy and position, in such a way to measure the A′ mass. It will consist of 616 2.1 × 2.1 × 23.0 cm3 BGO crystals arranged in a cylindrical shape and read by HZC photomultipliers with a diameter of 1.9 cm. Here we present the results obtained during the measurements performed on the scintillating units with a radioactive source and test beams, together with an overall description of the entire experiment

    Measurement of J/ψ production in association with a W ± boson with pp data at 8 TeV

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    A measurement of the production of a prompt J/ψ meson in association with a W± boson with W± → μν and J/ψ → μ+μ− is presented for J/ψ transverse momenta in the range 8.5–150 GeV and rapidity |yJ/ψ| < 2.1 using ATLAS data recorded in 2012 at the LHC. The data were taken at a proton-proton centre-of-mass energy of s = 8 TeV and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb−1. The ratio of the prompt J/ψ plus W± cross-section to the inclusive W± cross-section is presented as a differential measurement as a function of J/ψ transverse momenta and compared with theoretical predictions using different double-parton-scattering cross-sections. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

    Observation of an Excited Bc+ State

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    Using pp collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 8.5 fb-1 recorded by the LHCb experiment at center-of-mass energies of s=7, 8, and 13 TeV, the observation of an excited Bc+ state in the Bc+π+π- invariant-mass spectrum is reported. The observed peak has a mass of 6841.2±0.6(stat)±0.1(syst)±0.8(Bc+) MeV/c2, where the last uncertainty is due to the limited knowledge of the Bc+ mass. It is consistent with expectations of the Bc∗(2S31)+ state reconstructed without the low-energy photon from the Bc∗(1S31)+→Bc+γ decay following Bc∗(2S31)+→Bc∗(1S31)+π+π-. A second state is seen with a global (local) statistical significance of 2.2σ (3.2σ) and a mass of 6872.1±1.3(stat)±0.1(syst)±0.8(Bc+) MeV/c2, and is consistent with the Bc(2S10)+ state. These mass measurements are the most precise to date

    Characterisation and performance of the PADME electromagnetic calorimeter

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    The PADME experiment at the LNF Beam Test Facility searches for dark photons produced in the annihilation of positrons with the electrons of a fixed target. The strategy is to look for the reaction e+ + e− → γ + A0, where A0 is the dark photon, which cannot be observed directly or via its decay products. The electromagnetic calorimeter plays a key role in the experiment by measuring the energy and position of the final-state γ. The missing four-momentum carried away by the A0 can be evaluated from this information and the particle mass inferred. This paper presents the design, construction, and calibration of the PADME’s electromagnetic calorimeter. The results achieved in terms of equalisation, detection efficiency and energy resolution during the first phase of the experiment demonstrate the effectiveness of the various tools used to improve the calorimeter performance with respect to earlier prototypes

    Commissioning of the PADME experiment with a positron beam

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    The PADME experiment is designed to search for a hypothetical dark photon A' produced in positron-electron annihilation using a bunched positron beam at the Beam Test Facility of the INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati. The expected sensitivity to the A'-photon mixing parameter ϵ is 10-3, for A' mass ≤ 23.5 MeV/c 2 after collecting ∼1013 positrons-on-target. This paper presents the PADME detector status after commissioning in July 2019. In addition, the software algorithms employed to reconstruct physics objects, such as photons and charged particles, and the calibration procedures adopted are illustrated in detail. The results show that the experimental apparatus reaches the design performance, and is able to identify and measure standard electromagnetic processes, such as positron bremsstrahlung and electron-positron annihilation into two photons

    Evidence for an η<sub>c</sub>(1S) π<sup>-</sup> resonance in B<sup>0</sup>→ η<sub>c</sub>(1S) K<sup>+</sup>π<sup>-</sup> decays

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    A Dalitz plot analysis of B0→ηc(1S)K+π- decays is performed using data samples of pp collisions collected with the LHCb detector at centre-of-mass energies of √s=7, 8 and 13TeV, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 4.7fb-1. A satisfactory description of the data is obtained when including a contribution representing an exotic ηc(1S) π- resonant state. The significance of this exotic resonance is more than three standard deviations, while its mass and width are 4096±20-22+18MeV and 152±58-35+60MeV, respectively. The spin-parity assignments JP= 0+ and JP= 1- are both consistent with the data. In addition, the first measurement of the B0→ηc(1S)K+π- branching fraction is performed and givesB(B0→ηc(1S)K+π-)=(5.73±0.24±0.13±0.66)×10-4,where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second systematic, and the third is due to limited knowledge of external branching fractions
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