1,440 research outputs found

    On integrability of the differential constraints arising from the singularity analysis

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    Integrability of the differential constraints arising from the singularity analysis of two (1+1)-dimensional second-order evolution equations is studied. Two nonlinear ordinary differential equations are obtained in this way, which are integrable by quadratures in spite of very complicated branching of their solutions.Comment: arxiv version is already offcia

    Energy transmission in the forbidden bandgap of a nonlinear chain

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    A nonlinear chain driven by one end may propagate energy in the forbidden band gap by means of nonlinear modes. For harmonic driving at a given frequency, the process ocurs at a threshold amplitude by sudden large energy flow, that we call nonlinear supratransmission. The bifurcation of energy transmission is demonstrated numerically and experimentally on the chain of coupled pendula (sine-Gordon and nonlinear Klein-Gordon equations) and sustained by an extremely simple theory.Comment: LaTex file, 6 figures, published in Phys Rev Lett 89 (2002) 13410

    Ablowitz-Ladik system with discrete potential. I. Extended resolvent

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    Ablowitz-Ladik linear system with range of potential equal to {0,1} is considered. The extended resolvent operator of this system is constructed and the singularities of this operator are analyzed in detail.Comment: To be published in Theor. Math. Phy

    Collisions of solitons and vortex rings in cylindrical Bose-Einstein condensates

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    Interactions of solitary waves in a cylindrically confined Bose-Einstein condensate are investigated by simulating their head-on collisions. Slow vortex rings and fast solitons are found to collide elastically contrary to the situation in the three-dimensional homogeneous Bose gas. Strongly inelastic collisions are absent for low density condensates but occur at higher densities for intermediate velocities. The scattering behaviour is rationalised by use of dispersion diagrams. During inelastic collisions, spherical shell-like structures of low density are formed and they eventually decay into depletion droplets with solitary wave features. The relation to similar shells observed in a recent experiment [Ginsberg et al. Phys Rev. Lett. 94, 040403 (2005)] is discussed

    Elliptical instability of a rapidly rotating, strongly stratified fluid

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    The elliptical instability of a rotating stratified fluid is examined in the regime of small Rossby number and order-one Burger number corresponding to rapid rotation and strong stratification. The Floquet problem describing the linear growth of disturbances to an unbounded, uniform-vorticity elliptical flow is solved using exponential asymptotics. The results demonstrate that the flow is unstable for arbitrarily strong rotation and stratification; in particular, both cyclonic and anticyclonic flows are unstable. The instability is weak, however, with growth rates that are exponentially small in the Rossby number. The analytic expression obtained for the growth rate elucidates its dependence on the Burger number and on the eccentricity of the elliptical flow. It explains in particular the weakness of the instability of cyclonic flows, with growth rates that are only a small fraction of those obtained for the corresponding anticyclonic flows. The asymptotic results are confirmed by numerical solutions of Floquet problem.Comment: 17 page

    On Dispersive and Classical Shock Waves in Bose-Einstein Condensates and Gas Dynamics

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    A Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is a quantum fluid that gives rise to interesting shock wave nonlinear dynamics. Experiments depict a BEC that exhibits behavior similar to that of a shock wave in a compressible gas, eg. traveling fronts with steep gradients. However, the governing Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation that describes the mean field of a BEC admits no dissipation hence classical dissipative shock solutions do not explain the phenomena. Instead, wave dynamics with small dispersion is considered and it is shown that this provides a mechanism for the generation of a dispersive shock wave (DSW). Computations with the GP equation are compared to experiment with excellent agreement. A comparison between a canonical 1D dissipative and dispersive shock problem shows significant differences in shock structure and shock front speed. Numerical results associated with the three dimensional experiment show that three and two dimensional approximations are in excellent agreement and one dimensional approximations are in good qualitative agreement. Using one dimensional DSW theory it is argued that the experimentally observed blast waves may be viewed as dispersive shock waves.Comment: 24 pages, 28 figures, submitted to Phys Rev

    Spectral decomposition for the Dirac system associated to the DSII equation

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    A new (scalar) spectral decomposition is found for the Dirac system in two dimensions associated to the focusing Davey--Stewartson II (DSII) equation. Discrete spectrum in the spectral problem corresponds to eigenvalues embedded into a two-dimensional essential spectrum. We show that these embedded eigenvalues are structurally unstable under small variations of the initial data. This instability leads to the decay of localized initial data into continuous wave packets prescribed by the nonlinear dynamics of the DSII equation

    Exact solution of Riemann--Hilbert problem for a correlation function of the XY spin chain

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    A correlation function of the XY spin chain is studied at zero temperature. This is called the Emptiness Formation Probability (EFP) and is expressed by the Fredholm determinant in the thermodynamic limit. We formulate the associated Riemann--Hilbert problem and solve it exactly. The EFP is shown to decay in Gaussian.Comment: 7 pages, to be published in J. Phys. Soc. Jp

    A note on the integrable discretization of the nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation

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    We revisit integrable discretizations for the nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation due to Ablowitz and Ladik. We demonstrate how their main drawback, the non-locality, can be overcome. Namely, we factorize the non-local difference scheme into the product of local ones. This must improve the performance of the scheme in the numerical computations dramatically. Using the equivalence of the Ablowitz--Ladik and the relativistic Toda hierarchies, we find the interpolating Hamiltonians for the local schemes and show how to solve them in terms of matrix factorizations.Comment: 24 pages, LaTeX, revised and extended versio
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