92,065 research outputs found

    Comparison of physical fitness between healthy and mild‐to‐moderate asthmatic children with exercise symptoms: A cross‐sectional study

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    .Objective Asthma is a chronic disease that may affect physical fitness, although its primary effects on exercise capacity, muscle strength, functionality and lifestyle, in children and adolescents, are still poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate the differences in cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, lifestyle, lung function, and functionality between asthmatics with exercise symptoms and healthy children. In addition, we have analyzed the association between clinical history and the presence of asthma. Study Design Cross-sectional study including 71 patients with a diagnosis of asthma and 71 healthy children and adolescents (7–17 years of age). Anthropometric data, clinical history, disease control, lifestyle (KIDMED and physical activity questionnaires), lung function (spirometry), exercise-induced bronchoconstriction test, aerobic fitness (cardiopulmonary exercise test), muscle strength and functionality (timed up and go; timed up and down stairs) were evaluated. Results Seventy-one patients with asthma (mean age 11.5 ± 2.7) and 71 healthy subjects (mean age 10.7 ± 2.5) were included. All asthmatic children had mild to moderate and stable asthma. EIB occurred in 56.3% of asthmatic children. Lung function was significantly (p < .05) lower in the asthmatic group when compared to healthy peers, as well as the cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, lifestyle and functionality. Moreover, asthmatic children were more likely to have atopic dermatitis, allergic reactions, food allergies, and a family history of asthma when compared to healthy children. Conclusions Children with mild-to-moderate asthma presenting exercise symptoms show a reduction in cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, lung function, functionality, and lifestyle when compared to healthy peers. The study provides data for pediatricians to support exercise practice aiming to improve prognosis and quality of life in asthmatic children.S

    The Lights Are Too Loud: Neurodivergence in the Student Affairs Profession

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    Much of the current scholarly literature on neurodiversity in higher education tends to focus solely on the experiences of neurodiverse students. There is a significant gap in the literature that highlights how neurodiverse professionals survive and thrive in careers in higher education. Utilizing the Scholarly Personal Narrative (SPN) Methodology, this paper aims to address the current literature gap by using the existing research, coupled with the author\u27s personal experiences, to emphasize the unique needs of neurodiverse people on college campuses. The author offers recommendations for stakeholders in higher education to create equitable and accessible spaces for neurodiverse people on campus. By highlighting the unique needs of neurodiverse people in higher education, the paper aims to validate and amplify their experiences in the higher education sphere

    Speakers of Languages Other than English as an Invisible Minority

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    American higher education institutions are becoming more diversified. While there are ample recent studies on the experiences of visible minorities and the impact their college or university experience can have in their identity development and emancipation, there is a lot less on invisible minorities. Speakers of languages other than English can feel oppressed, on campuses, because they have to leave an important part of themselves at the door. There are no spaces for them to exchange and grow in their language. Speaking other languages can even be seen as a weakness. Elsewhere in the world, including in Ontario, there are considerable efforts being made and individuals speaking up to guarantee the creation of learning and research opportunities in other languages. Unfortunately, these efforts are often met with great obstacles. This article is a call to action to any student, faculty, or staff who can speak other languages. I urge you to proudly live and share your linguistic diversity

    The Great Resignation: Retention of BIPOC Professionals within the Division of Student Affairs

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    (An audio recording of this piece can be downloaded from the right-hand side bar of this page.) Through our topic of “The Great Resignation: Race and Retention of BIPOC Staff within the Division of Student Affairs” we hope to better understand how the racial identities of student affairs practitioners impact their professional experience. We decided to execute this project by sending out a questionnaire to current, and past professional staff at UVM who identify as BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, Person Of Color). Each questionnaire was tailored with questions that could provide us with a clearer insight into the experience of these professionals, while maintaining their privacy and honoring their stories. We gave professionals options regarding what level of anonymity they would like while participating in the survey in order to provide them with a safe space to share any impactful experiences that they may not feel comfortable sharing otherwise

    Residue management in double-crop systems: Impact on soybean growth and yield

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    Double-crop soybeans [Glycine max(L.) Merr.] have the potential to be a productive and profitable system. However, due to delayed planting, double-crop soybeans frequently experience lower yields and higher stress. Because planting is a major production constraint, a critical practice is the management of previous wheat residue. Trials were established in 2012, 2013, and 2014 in Saint Joseph, LA, and in 2013 and 2014 in Winnsboro, LA. The four residue management treatments investigated included conventionally tilled, planted into burned residue, planted into mowed residue, and planted into standing wheat residue. Vegetative and reproductive growth parameters, as well as yield, were used to evaluate the influence of residue management on productivity. Overall, residue management did not have a significant impact on early season growth parameters, except for plant height in 2012 at St. Joseph; however, it did significantly influence yield at both locations. In Saint Joseph in 2012, yields from planting into wheat residue were significantly lower than burned and mowed plots (1.2 compared with 2.8 and 2.7 Mg ha-1, respectively), and tilled treatments yielded significantly less than all three nontilled treatments in 2013 and 2014. In Winnsboro, planting into residue left on the soil surface resulted in significantly higher yields than when residue was removed. Overall, leaving residue on the soil surface provided stable yields across years and locations; however, not managing the residue can result in diminished yields. Therefore, practices such as mowing of wheat residue prior to planting provide an alternative to traditional no-till planting.Peer reviewedPlant and Soil Science

    Measuring the impacts of maternal child marriage and maternal intimate partner violence and the moderating effects of proximity to conflict on stunting among children under 5 in post-conflict Sri Lanka

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    This study aimed to understand whether maternal child marriage and past year intimate partner violence (IPV) impact stunting among Sri Lankan children under 5 years old, and, secondarily, whether proximity to conflict is associated with stunting. Additionally, we assessed whether proximity to conflict moderates the relationships between maternal child marriage and past year IPV (sexual, physical, and emotional). We tested these questions using logistic regression analyses of the 2016 Sri Lankan Demographic and Health Survey (n = 4941 mother-child dyads). In country-wide adjusted analyses, we did not find associations between maternal child marriage or IPV and stunting (p \u3e 0.05). Children in districts proximal and central to conflict were significantly less likely to be stunted compared to children in districts distal to conflict (proximal adjusted odds ratio/aOR: 0.43, 95% confidence interval/CI: 0.22–0.82; central aOR: 0.53, CI: 0.29–0.98). We found significant interaction effects on stunting between proximity to conflict and both sexual and emotional IPV, which we further explored in stratified analyses. In districts distal to conflict, maternal sexual IPV was significantly associated with increased odds of stunting (aOR: 2.71, CI: 1.16–6.35), and in districts central to conflict, maternal emotional IPV was significantly associated with increased odds of stunting (aOR: 1.80, CI: 1.13–2.89). Maternal emotional IPV was significantly associated with decreased odds of stunting in districts proximal to conflict (aOR: 0.42, CI: 0.18–0.96). Maternal child marriage and physical IPV were not associated with stunting in Sri Lanka. Variations in associations between maternal IPV and stunting across Sri Lanka may reflect the lasting and differential impact of conflict, as well as differential humanitarian responses which may have improved child nutrition practices and resources in districts central and proximal to conflict. Policies and programs addressing stunting in Sri Lanka should consider the role of maternal IPV as well as community-level variations based on proximity to conflict

    Upgrading Urban Services Through BPL: Practical Applications for Smart Cities

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    Current initiatives related to smart cities in LATAM reveal an increasing interest in the improvement of cities and the wellbeing of their citizens. In addition, specific working groups have been created for this purpose. In this sense, the communication technologies set the basis for gathering, transporting, and managing the large amount of data generated in cities to provide a wide range of services. Within the many alternatives available, BPL positions as a promising technology, since smart cities can greatly benefit of its higher data rates and low latency. In addition, since the medium is already deployed and most of the assets and sensors are connected to the same medium, the cost of the communication systems will be reduced in price and simplicity. The work presents four practical applications: smart buildings, urban lighting, energy assets management and broadband access, in which the possibilities and advantages of BPL are further addressed. Finally, some conclusions and key aspects relating BPL to the success of smart cities are identified.Eusko Jaurlaritza IT-1234-19, KK-202

    Kahlaajapopulaatioiden vÀhenemisen syyt ja ympÀristönhoitotoimet

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    TiivistelmÀ. Kahlaajat ovat monipuolinen maassa pesivien lintujen ryhmÀ. Ne ovat vÀhentyneet rajusti ympÀri Eurooppaa. Kahlaajat pesivÀt matalakasvuisilla ja kosteilla niityillÀ. Niiden vÀhenemisen uskotaan johtuvan pÀÀosin pesimÀpaikoilla tapahtuvista muutoksista. Kahlaajia suojellaan mm. muuttamalla maataloustoimia kahlaajille ystÀvÀllisemmiksi sekÀ niittÀmÀllÀ ja laiduntamalla pesimÀympÀristöjÀ Euroopan Unionin (EU) erityismaataloustukien avulla, joiden vaikutukset vaihtelevat positiivisesta, neutraaliin ja negatiiviseen. Perehdyn työssÀni tieteellisen kirjallisuuden avulla kahlaajien vÀhenemiseen ja kahlaajiin kohdistettuihin hoitotoimiin. SelvitÀn 1) mitkÀ demografiset tekijÀt ovat vÀhenemisen taustalla. 2) MitkÀ prosessit ovat vaikuttaneet nÀihin muutoksiin. 3) Lopuksi selvitÀn miten eri hoitotoimet ovat vaikuttaneet kahlaajapopulaatioihin. Kahlaajien vÀhenemiseen vaikuttavat monet demografiset tekijÀt. Aikuisten yksilöiden, pesien sekÀ poikasten sÀilyvyys on tÀrkeÀÀ taata populaatioiden yllÀpitÀmiseksi. Maassa pesivinÀ lintuina kahlaajia uhkaa suuresti heikko pesÀsÀilyvyys. Siihen vaikuttaa etenkin lisÀÀntynyt saalistus. Muun muassa uudet vieraspedot kuten minkki ja supikoira tuhoavat aktiivisesti kahlaajien pesiÀ. Myös pesimÀympÀristöjen muutokset uhkaavat kahlaajia, koska useat kahlaajat ovat vaativia oikeanlaisen ympÀristön suhteen, jotta pesimÀympÀristö olisi turvallinen ja ravinteikas poikasille. Kahlaajien tilanteen parantamiseksi Euroopan Unioni on tehnyt useita hoitotoimia, joilla pyritÀÀn auttamaan kahlaajapopulaatioita. Monien hoitotoimien vaikutukset ovat kiisteltyjÀ, mutta useat keinot ovat nykyisin vÀlttÀmÀttömiÀ kahlaajille sopivan ympÀristön yllÀpitÀmiseksi. TÀrkeimpiÀ hoitotoimia ovat laiduntaminen, niitto ja petojen poistaminen pesimÀalueilta. Laidunnus ja niitto yllÀpitÀvÀt kahlaajien pesinnÀlle sopivia ruohomaita ja estÀvÀt umpeen kasvua. Petojen poisto taas on yksi tÀrkeimpiÀ kahlaajia suojelevia toimia, koska lisÀÀntyneet pedot uhkaavat kahlaajapopulaatioita. Kahlaajapopulaatioiden sÀilymisen kannalta on kriittistÀ, ettÀ niiden suojelua edistetÀÀn laajoilla hoitotoimilla. Jatkossa olisi hyvÀ panostaa alun perin turvallisiin ja sopiviin pesimÀympÀristöihin ihmisasutuksen lÀhellÀ olevien peltojen sijaan

    Responding to research evidence in Parliament: a case study on selective education policy

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    This research focusses on how members of the UK Parliament engaged with evidence in relation to the policy decision leading to the Selective Schools Expansion Fund, a policy designed to enable the existing 163 English Grammar Schools to apply for additional funds to expand their intake. Although a small case study, the narrow focus provides a fertile setting for analysis of the relationship between research evidence, Parliamentary debates, and policy decisions. The article provides contextual background in relation to the dominant political parties’ (Conservative and Labour) education policy manifesto statements and a discussion on the nature and understanding of evidence. Particular attention is given to how evidence can be used to support claims and the importance of justified warrants. Using NVivo software, we identified the thematic content of 11 Parliamentary debates and analysed the findings using descriptive statistics, which we tested with a playful, carnivalesque extrapolation of the data. Argumentative analysis shows that within the debates a number of rhetorical tools are used to avoid empirical evidence, including the deployment of a ‘moral sidestep’ which discourse analysis reveals in this case to be the repeated communication that grammar schools are ‘good’. In this way, Ofsted ratings are conflated with moral goodness, leading to a disproportionate diversion of school funding in their favour. This case study exposes strengths and weaknesses of Parliamentary debate, which might be relevant to educational researchers who focus on evidence-based policy and to the policy makers and other stakeholders who engage with the evidence such researchers offer

    Reforming the United Nations

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    The thesis deals with the financial crisis that the United Nations faced starting in 1985 when the US Congress decided to withhold a significant part of the US contribution to the UN regular budget in order to force a greater say for the major contributors on budgetary issues, budgetary restraint and greater efficiency. The UN responded by the adoption of resolution 41/213 of 19 December 1986 that was based on the recommendations of a Group of High-level Intergovernmental Experts ("G-18") set up a year earlier. A new system was introduced regarding the formulation of the regular budget of the United Nations Organisation and a broader process of reform was initiated including a restructuring of the Secretariat and of the intergovernmental machinery in the economic and social fields. After an introductory chapter (Chapter I), the thesis examines the UN problems at the budgetary/financial and administrative/structural levels, the solutions proposed from within and without the United Nations established framework and the actual attempts at reform (Chapters II and ifi). The realisation that the implementation of reforms is rather disjointed and often unsuccessful (e.g. the failure to restructure the intergovernmental machi.neiy) prompts a search for the deeper causes of the UN problems at the political level and the attitudes of the main actors, namely the USA, the USSR, some up-and-coming states, notably Japan, the Third World states and, finally, of the UN Secretary-General and the Secretariat (Chapter 1V). Although the financial crisis may have subsided since 1988 and the USA seem committed to paying up their dues, the deeper UN crisis of identity has not been resolved and is expected to resurface if no bold steps are taken. In that direction, some possible alternative courses for the UN in the future are discussed drawing upon theory and practice (Chapte
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