107,353 research outputs found

    Electronic amplifier with power supply switching Patent

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    Increasing power conversion efficiency of electronic amplifiers by power supply switchin

    A 1-W, 30-ghz, CPW Amplifier for ACTS Small Terminal Uplink

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    The progress is described of the development of a 1 W, 30 GHz, coplanar waveguide (CPW) amplifier for the Advanced Communication Technology Satellite (ACTS)Small Terminal Uplink. The amplifier is based on Texas Instruments' monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) amplifiers; a three stage, low power amplifier, and a single stage, high power amplifier. The amplifiers have a power output of 190 mW and 0.710 W, gain of 23 and 4.2 dB, and efficiencies of 30.2 and 24 percent for the three stage and one stage amplifiers, respectively. The chips are to be combined via a CPW power divider/combiner circuit to yield the desired 1 W of output power

    High Efficiency Power Amplifier Based on Envelope Elimination and Restoration Technique

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    Due to complex envelope and phase modulation employed in modern transmitters it is necessary to use power amplifiers that have high linearity. Linear power amplifiers (classes A, B and AB) are commonly used, but they suffer from low efficiency especially if the transmitted signal has high peak to average power ratio (PAPR). Kahn's technique based on envelope elimination and restoration (EER) is based on idea that high efficiency power supply (envelope amplifier) could be used to modulate the envelope of high efficient non linear power amplifiers (classes D or E). This paper presents solutions for power amplifier that performs envelope modulation and class E amplifier that is used as a non linear amplifier. The envelope amplifier is implemented as a multilevel converter in series with linear regulator and can provide up to 100 W of instantaneous power and reproduce 2 MHz sine wave. The implemented Class E amplifier can operate at 120 MHz with efficiency near to 85%. The envelope amplifier and class E amplifier have been integrated and efficiency and linearity of the implemented transmitter has been measured and presente

    Adaptive control circuit prevents amplifier saturation

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    Adaptive control circuit prevents saturation of push-pull output amplifiers used in low-power, low-torque suspension system. The adaptive control circuit senses how near the output amplifiers are to saturation and sets the B voltage in such a way as to keep them just clear of saturation

    Distributed active transformer - a new power-combining andimpedance-transformation technique

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    In this paper, we compare the performance of the newly introduced distributed active transformer (DAT) structure to that of conventional on-chip impedance-transformations methods. Their fundamental power-efficiency limitations in the design of high-power fully integrated amplifiers in standard silicon process technologies are analyzed. The DAT is demonstrated to be an efficient impedance-transformation and power-combining method, which combines several low-voltage push-pull amplifiers in series by magnetic coupling. To demonstrate the validity of the new concept, a 2.4-GHz 1.9-W 2-V fully integrated power-amplifier achieving a power-added efficiency of 41% with 50-Ω input and output matching has been fabricated using 0.35-μm CMOS transistor

    Industrial GaInP/GaAs Power HBT MMIC Process

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    UMS has developed an industrial power HBT process especially dedicated to power MMICs in the 10GHz frequency range. The process has been qualified and meets the very demanding specifications required for X-Band high power amplifiers. Aside from the obvious RF performances, this includes the demonstration of the necessary stability and reproducibility of the process, associated with state-of-art reliability. It is important to note that the later has been achieved without affecting the high frequency capability of the devices, and demonstrated directly on high power transistors. Thanks to its intrinsic qualities this process can naturally also be used for other applications, like low phase noise voltage controlled oscillators, and power amplifiers at lower frequencies (for mobile phones for instance)

    Theory Based on Device Current Clipping to Explain and Predict Performance Including Distortion of Power Amplifiers for Wireless Communication Systems

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    Power amplifiers are critical components in wireless communication systems that need to have high efficiency, in order to conserve battery life and minimise heat generation, and at the same time low distortion, in order to prevent increase of bit error rate due to constellation errors and adjacent channel interference. This thesis is aimed at meeting a need for greater understanding of distortion generated by power amplifiers of any technology, in order to help designers manage better the trade-off between obtaining high efficiency and low distortion. The theory proposed in this thesis to explain and predict the performance of power amplifiers, including distortion, is based on analysis of clipping of the power amplifier device current, and it is a major extension of previous clipping analyses, that introduces many key definitions and concepts. Distortion and other power amplifier metrics are determined in the form of 3-D surfaces that are plotted against PA class, which is determined by bias voltage, and input signal power level. It is shown that the surface of distortion exhibits very high levels due to clipping in the region where efficiency is high. This area of high distortion is intersected by a valley that is ‘L’-shaped. The 'L'-shaped valley is subject to a rotation that depends on the softness of the cut-off of the power amplifier device transfer characteristic. The distortion surface with rotated 'L'-shaped valley leads to predicted curves for distortion versus input signal power that match published measured curves for power amplifiers even using very simple device models. The distortion versus input signal power curves have types that are independent of technology. In class C, there is a single deep null. In the class AB range, that is divided into three sub-ranges, there may be two deep nulls (sub-range AB(B)), a ledge (sub-range AB(A)) or a shallow null with varying depth (sub-range AB(AB))

    Mobile Phone Power Amplifier Linearity and Efficiency Enhancement Using Digital Predistortion

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    The new generation mobile communication systems using spectrum efficient linear modulation schemes (QPSK,8PSK,QAM)need linear power amplifiers in the transmission path to have good ACPR and EVM values. Linearization methods can be used to increase the linearity of the power amplifiers (PA).However,it is not reasonable o use complicated,power consuming and high cost systems. This paper presents a digital predistortion implementation for WCDMA signals using an FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array)as DSP and investigates the application of this system in handsets.The method applied requires minimum change in the conventional transmitter path configuration but considerable PAE improvement can be achieved
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