4,972 research outputs found

    Beyond the Standard Model

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    A few topics beyond the standard model are reviewed.Comment: 10 pages, ichep.st

    Multi-Messenger Theories of Gauge-Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking

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    We study gauge-mediated theories containing several messengers with the most general SU(5)-invariant mass and supersymmetry-breaking parameters. We show that these theories are predictive, containing only two relevant parameters more than the minimal gauge-mediated model. Hypercharge D-terms can contribute significantly to the right-handed charged sleptons and bring them closer in mass to the left-handed sleptons. The messenger masses must be invariant under either SU(5) or a ``messenger parity" to avoid spontaneous breaking of charge conservation.Comment: 13 pages, 2 figure

    Tau Polarizations in the Three-body Slepton Decays with Stau as the NLSP

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    In the gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking models with scalar tau as the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle, a scalar lepton may decay dominantly into its superpartner, tau lepton, and the lightest scalar tau particle. We give detailed formulas for the three-body decay amplitudes and the polarization asymmetry of the outgoing tau lepton . We find that the tau polarizations are sensitive to the model parameters such as the stau mixing angle, the neutralino to slepton mass ratio and the neutralino mixing effect.Comment: 13 pages, 5 figures, RevTe

    Multi--Layer Structure in the Strongly Coupled 5D Abelian Higgs Model

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    We explore the phase diagram of the five-dimensional anisotropic Abelian Higgs model by Monte Carlo simulations. In particular, we study the transition between the confining phase and the four dimensional layered Higgs phase. We find that, in a certain region of the lattice parameter space, this transition can be first order and that each layer moves into the Higgs phase independently of the others (decoupling of layers). As the Higgs couplings vary, we find, using mean field techniques, that this transition may probably become second order.Comment: 16 page

    Gauge coupling unification and light Exotica in String Theory

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    In this letter we consider the consequences for the LHC of light vector-like exotica with fractional electric charge. It is shown that such states are found in orbifold constructions of the heterotic string. Moreover, these exotica are consistent with gauge coupling unification at one loop, even though they do not come in complete multiplets of SU(5).Comment: 5 pages, no figure

    Relic density in nonuniversal gaugino mass models with SO(10) GUT symmetry

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    Non-universal boundary conditions in grand unified theories can lead to nonuniversal gaugino masses at the unification scale. In R-parity preserving theories the lightest supersymmetric particle is a natural candidate for the dark matter. The composition of the lightest neutralino and the identity of the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle are studied, when nonuniversal gaugino masses come from representations of SO(10). In these cases, the thermal relic density compatible with the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe observations is found. Relic densities are compared with the universal case. Mass spectra in the studied cases are discussed.Comment: 7 pages, 13 figures, revtex4, two-column. V2: Typos corrected and references adde

    Condensation of gauge interacting mass-less fermions

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    A single mass-less fermionic field with an abelian U(1) gauge interaction (electrodynamics of a mass-less Dirac fermion) is studied by a variational method. Even without the insertion of any extra interaction the vacuum is shown to be unstable towards a particle-antiparticle condensate. The single particle excitations do acquire a mass and behave as massive Fermi particles. An explicit low-energy gap equation has been derived and numerically solved. Some consequences of condensation and mass generation are discussed in the framework of the standard model.Comment: 1 ps figur

    Implications of Low Energy Supersymmetry Breaking at the Tevatron

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    The signatures for low energy supersymmetry breaking at the Tevatron are investigated. It is natural that the lightest standard model superpartner is an electroweak neutralino, which decays to an essentially massless Goldstino and photon, possibly within the detector. In the simplest models of gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking, the production of right-handed sleptons, neutralinos, and charginos leads to a pair of hard photons accompanied by leptons and/or jets with missing transverse energy. The relatively hard leptons and softer photons of the single e^+e^- \gamma \gamma + \EmissT event observed by CDF implies this event is best interpreted as arising from left-handed slepton pair production. In this case the rates for l^{\pm} \gamma \gamma + \EmissT and \gamma \gamma + \EmissT are comparable to that for l^+l^- \gamma \gamma + \EmissT.Comment: 18 pages, Latex, tables correcte

    Dark Matter in Theories of Gauge-Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking

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    In gauge-mediated theories supersymmetry breaking originates in a strongly interacting sector and is communicated to the ordinary sparticles via SU(3)×\timesSU(2)×\timesU(1) carrying ``messenger'' particles. Stable baryons of the strongly interacting supersymmetry breaking sector naturally weigh ∌\sim 100 TeV and are viable cold dark matter candidates. They interact too weakly to be observed in dark matter detectors. The lightest messenger particle is a viable cold dark matter candidate under particular assumptions. It weighs less than 5 TeV, has zero spin and is easily observable in dark matter detectors.Comment: 10 pages, Late

    A Non-supersymmetric Interpretation of the CDF e+e-\gamma\gamma + missing E_T Event

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    The \eegg event reported recently by the CDF Collaboration has been interpreted as a signal of supersymmetry in several recent papers. In this article, we report on an alternative non-supersymmetric interpretation of the event using an extension of the standard model which contains new physics at the electroweak scale that does not effect the existing precision electroweak data. We extend the standard model by including an extra sequential generation of fermions, heavy right-handed neutrinos for all generations and an extra singly charged SU(2)-singlet Higgs boson. We discuss possible ways to discriminate this from the standard supersymemtric interpretations.Comment: 7 pages, Latex, no figure
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