1,899 research outputs found

    Bose-Einstein Condensation and strong-correlation behavior of phonons in ion traps

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    We show that the dynamics of phonons in a set of trapped ions interacting with lasers is described by a Bose-Hubbard model whose parameters can be externally adjusted. We investigate the possibility of observing several quantum many-body phenomena, including (quasi) Bose-Einstein condensation as well as a superfluid-Mott insulator quantum phase transition.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    Mesoscopic mean-field theory for spin-boson chains in quantum optical systems

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    We present a theoretical description of a system of many spins strongly coupled to a bosonic chain. We rely on the use of a spin-wave theory describing the Gaussian fluctuations around the mean-field solution, and focus on spin-boson chains arising as a generalization of the Dicke Hamiltonian. Our model is motivated by experimental setups such as trapped ions, or atoms/qubits coupled to cavity arrays. This situation corresponds to the cooperative (E⊗β) Jahn-Teller distortion studied in solid-state physics. However, the ability to tune the parameters of the model in quantum optical setups opens up a variety of novel intriguing situations. The main focus of this paper is to review the spin-wave theoretical description of this problem as well as to test the validity of mean-field theory. Our main result is that deviations from mean-field effects are determined by the interplay between magnetic order and mesoscopic cooperativity effects, being the latter strongly size-dependent

    Competing many-body interactions in systems of trapped ions

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    We propose and theoretically analyse an experimental configuration in which lasers induce 3-spin interactions between trapped ions.By properly choosing the intensities and frequencies of the lasers, 3-spin couplings may be dominant or comparable to 2-spin terms and magnetic fields. In this way, trapped ions can be used to study exotic quantum phases which do not have a counterpart in nature. We study the conditions for the validity of the effective 3-spin Hamiltonian, and predict qualitatively the quantum phase diagram of the system.Comment: RevTex4 file, color figure

    Simulating accelerated atoms coupled to a quantum field

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    We show an analogy between static quantum emitters coupled to a single mode of a quantum field and accelerated Unruh-DeWitt detectors. We envision a way to simulate a variety of relativistic quantum field settings beyond the reach of current computational power, such as high number of qubits coupled to a quantum field following arbitrary non-inertial trajectories. Our scheme may be implemented with trapped ions and circuit QED set-ups.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures, revtex 4-

    Collective generation of quantum states of light by entangled atoms

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    We present a theoretical framework to describe the collective emission of light by entangled atomic states. Our theory applies to the low excitation regime, where most of the atoms are initially in the ground state, and relies on a bosonic description of the atomic excitations. In this way, the problem of light emission by an ensemble of atoms can be solved exactly, including dipole-dipole interactions and multiple light scattering. Explicit expressions for the emitted photonic states are obtained in several situations, such as those of atoms in regular lattices and atomic vapors. We determine the directionality of the photonic beam, the purity of the photonic state, and the renormalization of the emission rates. We also show how to observe collective phenomena with ultracold atoms in optical lattices, and how to use these ideas to generate photonic states that are useful in the context of quantum information.Comment: 15 pages, 10 figure

    Detection of Spin Correlations in Optical Lattices by Light Scattering

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    We show that spin correlations of atoms in an optical lattice can be reconstructed by coupling the system to the light, and by measuring correlations between the emitted photons. This principle is the basis for a method to characterize states in quantum computation and simulation with optical lattices. As examples, we study the detection of spin correlations in a quantum magnetic phase, and the characterization of cluster states

    Quantum phases of interacting phonons in ion traps

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    The vibrations of a chain of trapped ions can be considered, under suitable experimental conditions, as an ensemble of interacting phonons, whose quantum dynamics is governed by a Bose--Hubbard Hamiltonian. In this work we study the quantum phases which appear in this system, and show that thermodynamical properties, such as critical parameters and critical exponents, can be measured in experiments with a limited number of ions. Besides that, interacting phonons in trapped ions offer us the possibility to access regimes which are difficult to study with ultracold bosons in optical lattices, like models with attractive or site--dependent phonon-phonon interactions.Comment: 10 page
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