233 research outputs found

    Extrinsic CPT Violation in Neutrino Oscillations

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    In this talk, we investigate extrinsic CPT violation in neutrino oscillations in matter with three flavors. Note that extrinsic CPT violation is different from intrinsic CPT violation. Extrinsic CPT violation is one way of quantifying matter effects, whereas intrinsic CPT violation would mean that the CPT invariance theorem is not valid. We present analytical formulas for the extrinsic CPT probability differences and discuss their implications for long-baseline experiments and neutrino factory setups.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure, aipproc LaTeX. Talk presented at the 5th International Workshop on Neutrino Factories & Superbeams (NuFact'03), Columbia University, New York, USA, June 5-11, 2003. To be published in the Proceedings of NuFact'03 (AIP Conference Proceedings

    T-violating effects in three flavor neutrino oscillations in matter

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    In this talk, we consider the interplay of fundamental and matter-induced T-violating effects in neutrino oscillations in matter. We present a simple approximative analytical formula for the T-violating probability asymmetry for three flavor neutrino oscillations in matter with an arbitrary density profile. We also discuss some implications of the obtained results. Since there are no T-violating effects in two flavor neutrino case (in the limit of vanshing θ13\theta_{13} or Δm212\Delta m_{21}^2, the three flavor neutrino oscillations reduces to the two flavor ones), the T-violating probability asymmetry can, in principle, provide a way to measure θ13\theta_{13} and Δm212\Delta m_{21}^2.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, JHEP LaTeX. Talk presented at the International Europhysics Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS HEP 2001), Budapest, Hungary, July 12-18, 2001. In collaboration with: Evgeny Akhmedov, Patrick Huber, and Manfred Lindne

    Status of non-standard neutrino interactions

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    The phenomenon of neutrino oscillations has been established as the leading mechanism behind neutrino flavor transitions, providing solid experimental evidence that neutrinos are massive and lepton flavors are mixed. Here we review sub-leading effects in neutrino flavor transitions known as non-standard neutrino interactions, which is currently the most explored description for effects beyond the standard paradigm of neutrino oscillations. In particular, we report on the phenomenology of non-standard neutrino interactions and their experimental and phenomenological bounds as well as future sensitivity and discovery reach.Comment: 51 pages, 11 figures. Final version published in Rep. Prog. Phy

    Running of Fermion Observables in Non-Supersymmetric SO(10) Models

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    We investigate the complete renormalization group running of fermion observables in two different realistic non-supersymmetric models based on the gauge group SO(10)\textrm{SO}(10) with intermediate symmetry breaking for both normal and inverted neutrino mass orderings. Contrary to results of previous works, we find that the model with the more minimal Yukawa sector of the Lagrangian fails to reproduce the measured values of observables at the electroweak scale, whereas the model with the more extended Yukawa sector can do so if the neutrino masses have normal ordering. The difficulty in finding acceptable fits to measured data is a result of the added complexity from the effect of an intermediate symmetry breaking as well as tension in the value of the leptonic mixing angle θ23\theta^\ell_{23}.Comment: 15 pages, 3 figures, 4 tables. Final version published in JHE

    Neutrino flux ratios at neutrino telescopes: The role of uncertainties of neutrino mixing parameters and applications to neutrino decay

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    In this paper, we derive simple and general perturbative formulas for the flavor flux ratios Rαβ=ϕνα/ϕνβR_{\alpha\beta}=\phi_{\nu_\alpha}/\phi_{\nu_\beta} that could be measured at neutrino telescopes. We discuss in detail the role of the uncertainties of the neutrino mixing parameters showing that they have to be seriously taken into account in any realistic discussion about flavor measurements at neutrino telescopes. In addition, we analyze the impact of such uncertainties in telling the standard neutrino oscillation framework from scenarios involving, e.g., neutrino decay and we find that the ratio ReμR_{e\mu} is the most sensitive one to "new physics" effects beyond the Standard Model. We also compute the more realistic muon-to-shower ratio for a particular configuration of the IceCube experiment, observing that using this experimental quantity a clear separation between standard and non-standard neutrino physics cannot be obtained.Comment: 21 pages, 7 figures, LaTeX. Final version published in Phys. Rev.

    Decaying Dark Matter in Halos of Primordial Black Holes

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    We investigate photon signatures of general decaying dark-matter particles in halos of primordial black holes. We derive the halo-profile density and the total decay rate for these combined dark-matter scenarios. For the case of axion-like particles of masses below O(1)\mathcal{O}( 1 )\,keV, we find strong bounds on the decay constant which are several orders of magnitude stronger than the strongest existing bounds, for all halo masses above O(105)\mathcal{O}( 10^{-5} ) solar masses. Using future X-ray measurements, it will be possible to push these bounds on such combined dark-matter scenarios even further.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures; v2: revised in order to match published versio

    Effective Neutrino Mixing and Oscillations in Dense Matter

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    We investigate the effective case of two-flavor neutrino oscillations in infinitely dense matter by using a perturbative approach. We begin by briefly summarizing the conditions for the three-flavor neutrino oscillation probabilities to take on the same form as the corresponding two-flavor probabilities. Then, we proceed with the infinitely dense matter calculations. Finally, we study the validity of the approximation of infinitely dense matter when the effective matter potential is large, but not infinite, this is done by using both analytic and numeric methods.Comment: 12 pages, 4 figures, Elsevier LaTeX, Final version to be published in Phys. Lett.

    Fits to Non-Supersymmetric SO(10) Models with Type I and II Seesaw Mechanisms Using Renormalization Group Evolution

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    We consider numerical fits to non-supersymmetric SO(10)\mathrm{SO}(10)-based models in which neutrino mass is generated by the type-I or type-II seesaw mechanism or a combination of both. The fits are performed with a sophisticated top-down procedure, taking into account the renormalization group equations of the gauge and Yukawa couplings, integrating out relevant degrees of freedom at their corresponding mass scales, and using recent data for the Standard Model observables. We find acceptable fits for normal neutrino mass ordering only and with neutrino mass generated by either type-I seesaw only or a combination of types I and II seesaw in which type-I seesaw is dominant. Furthermore, we find predictions from the best fit regarding the small neutrino masses, the effective neutrinoless double beta decay mass, and the leptonic CP-violating phase. Finally, we show that the fits are rather insensitive to the chosen value of the unification scale.Comment: 22 pages, 3 figures, 3 tables. Final version published in JHE
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