62,418 research outputs found

    Thomas-Fermi Statistical Models of Finite Quark Matter

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    I introduce and discuss models of finite quark matter using the formalism of the Thomas-Fermi statistical model. Similar to bag models, a vacuum energy term is introduced to model long distance confinement, but the model produces bound states from the residual color Coulomb attraction even in the absence of such a term. I discuss three baryonic applications: an equal mass nonrelativistic model with and without volume pressure, the ultra-relativistic limit confined by volume pressure, and a color-flavor locking massless model. These model may be extended to multi-meson and other mixed hadronic states. Hopefully, it can help lead to a better understanding of the phenomenology of high multi-quark states in preparation for more detailed lattice QCD calculations.Comment: 29 pages, 14 figures; final journal version (Nucl. Phys. A

    Detecting supersymmetric Q-balls with neutron stars

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    Supersymmetric Q-balls trapped in neutron stars or white dwarfs may cause the stars to explode. Trapping of Q-balls in neutron stars is shown to be less likely, but trapping in neutron star progenitors more likely than hitherto assumed, making neutron stars very sensitive Q-ball "detectors". White dwarfs only trap potentially dangerous Q-balls in a narrow parameter range.Comment: 6 pages, 2 figures, accepted for publication in Physics Letters

    The Koszul dual of a weakly Koszul module

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    We study the so-called weakly Koszul modules and characterise their Koszul duals. We show that the (adjusted) associated graded module of a weakly Koszul module exactly determines the homology modules of the Koszul dual. We give an example of a quasi-Koszul module which is not weakly Koszul.Comment: 20 page