280 research outputs found

    Physical flavor neutrino states

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    The problem of representation for flavor states of mixed neutrinos is discussed. By resorting to recent results, it is shown that a specific representation exists in which a number of conceptual problems are resolved. Phenomenological consequences of our analysis are explored.Comment: Presented at 5th International Workshop DICE2010: Space-Time-Matter - Current Issues in Quantum Mechanics and Beyon

    Mixing and oscillations of neutral particles in Quantum Field Theory

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    We study the mixing of neutral particles in Quantum Field Theory: neutral boson field and Majorana field are treated in the case of mixing among two generations. We derive the orthogonality of flavor and mass representations and show how to consistently calculate oscillation formulas, which agree with previous results for charged fields and exhibit corrections with respect to the usual quantum mechanical expressions.Comment: 8 pages, revised versio

    Lepton charge and neutrino mixing in pion decay processes

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    We consider neutrino mixing and oscillations in quantum field theory and compute the neutrino lepton charge in decay processes where neutrinos are generated. We also discuss the proper definition of flavor charge and states and clarify the issues of the possibility of different mass parameters in field mixing.Comment: 13 page

    Fermion mixing in quasi-free states

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    Quantum field theoretic treatments of fermion oscillations are typically restricted to calculations in Fock space. In this letter we extend the oscillation formulae to include more general quasi-free states, and also consider the case when the mixing is not unitary.Comment: 10 pages, Plain Te

    Neutrino mixing contribution to the cosmological constant

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    We show that the non-perturbative vacuum structure associated with neutrino mixing leads to a non-zero contribution to the value of the cosmological constant. Such a contribution comes from the specific nature of the mixing phenomenon. Its origin is completely different from the one of the ordinary contribution of a massive spinor field. We estimate this neutrino mixing contribution by using the natural cut--off appearing in the quantum field theory formalism for neutrino mixing and oscillation.Comment: 7 page

    Quantization, group contraction and zero point energy

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    We study algebraic structures underlying 't Hooft's construction relating classical systems with the quantum harmonic oscillator. The role of group contraction is discussed. We propose the use of SU(1,1) for two reasons: because of the isomorphism between its representation Hilbert space and that of the harmonic oscillator and because zero point energy is implied by the representation structure. Finally, we also comment on the relation between dissipation and quantization.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figure

    Group theoretical aspects of neutrino mixing in Quantum Field Theory

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    By resorting to recent results on the Quantum Field Theory of mixed particles, we discuss some aspects of three flavor neutrino mixing. Particular emphasis is given to the related algebraic structures and their deformation in the presence of CP violation. A novel geometric phase related to CP violation is introduced.Comment: 10 pages, 2 figures. Presented at the XII International Baksan School "Particles and Cosmology", Baksan Valley, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russian Federation - April 21 - 26, 200

    Understanding flavor mixing in Quantum Field Theory

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    We report on recent results showing that a rich non-perturbative vacuum structure is associated with flavor mixing in Quantum Field Theory. We treat explicitly the case of mixing among three generations of Dirac fermions. Exact oscillation formulas are presented exhibiting new features with respect to the usual ones. CP and T violation are also discussed.Comment: 9 pages. Presented at the "International Conference on Flavor Physics", Zhang-Jia-Jie, China, May 31 - June 6 200

    Macroscopic Observables Detecting Genuine Multipartite Entanglement and Partial Inseparability in Many-Body Systems

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    We show a general approach for detecting genuine multipartite entanglement (GME) and partial inseparability in many-body-systems by means of macroscopic observables (such as the energy) only. We show that the obtained criteria, the "GME gap" and "the k-entanglement gap", detect large areas of genuine multipartite entanglement and partial entanglement in typical many body states, which are not detected by other criteria. As genuine multipartite entanglement is a necessary property for several quantum information theoretic applications such as e.g. secret sharing or certain kinds of quantum computation, our methods can be used to select or design appropriate condensed matter systems.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, published version, title extende

    Neutrino oscillations from relativistic flavor currents

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    By resorting to recent results on the relativistic currents for mixed (flavor) fields, we calculate a space-time dependent neutrino oscillation formula in Quantum Field Theory. Our formulation provides an alternative to existing approaches for the derivation of space dependent oscillation formulas and it also accounts for the corrections due to the non-trivial nature of the flavor vacuum. By exploring different limits of our formula, we recover already known results. We study in detail the case of one-dimensional propagation with gaussian wavepackets both in the relativistic and in the non-relativistic regions: in the last case, numerical evaluations of our result show significant deviations from the standard formula.Comment: 16 pages, 4 figures, RevTe
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