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D-glucose as a modifying agent in gelatin/collagen matrix and reservoir nanoparticles for Calendula officinalis delivery

By P.-L. Lam, S.H.-L. Kok, Z.-X. Bian, K.-H. Lam, J.C.-O. Tang, K.K.-H Lee, R. Gambari and C.-H. Chui

Abstract

Gelatin/Collagen-based matrix and reservoir nanoparticles require crosslinkers to stabilize the formed\ud nanosuspensions, considering that physical instability is the main challenge of nanoparticulate systems.\ud The use of crosslinkers improves the physical integrity of nanoformulations under the-host environment.\ud Aldehyde-based fixatives, such as formaldehyde and glutaraldehyde, have been widely applied to the\ud crosslinking process of polymeric nanoparticles. However, their potential toxicity towards human beings\ud has been demonstrated in many previous studies. In order to tackle this problem, d-glucose was used\ud during nanoparticle formation to stabilize the gelatin/collagen-based matrix wall and reservoir wall for\ud the deliveries of Calendula officinalis powder and oil, respectively. In addition, therapeutic selectivity\ud between malignant and normal cells could be observed. The C. officinalis powder loaded nanoparticles\ud significantly strengthened the anti-cancer effect towards human breast adenocarcinoma MCF7 cells and\ud human hepatoma SKHep1 cells when compared with the free powder. On the contrary, the nanoparticles\ud did not show significant cytotoxicity towards normal esophageal epithelial NE3 cells and human skin\ud keratinocyte HaCaT cells. On the basis of these evidences, d-glucose modified gelatin/collagen matrix\ud nanoparticles containing C. officinalis powder might be proposed as a safer alternative vehicle for anticancer\ud treatments

Topics: Anti-cancer, Calendula officinalis, Collagen, D-glucose, Gelatin, Nanoparticles, Animals, Antineoplastic Agents, Calendula, Cell Death, Cell Survival, Collagen, Gelatin, Glucose, Humans, Keratinocytes, MCF-7 Cells, Nanoparticles, Particle Size, Plant Extracts, Plant Oils, Powders, Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared, Sus scrofa, Drug Delivery Systems, Biotechnology, Colloid and Surface Chemistry, Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Surfaces and Interfaces, Medicine (all)
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2014.02.041
OAI identifier: oai:iris.unife.it:11392/2339001
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