Jurnal Online Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum (UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya)
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    The Closure of Isbat For Polygamous Marriage on Legal Purpose Perspective

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    After attendance, the enactment of the Supreme Court Circular (SEMA) Number 3 of 2018 answers the legal vacuum over isbat for Polygamous marriage. But in practice, the SEMA confuses its implementation. This study aims to analyze the application of polygamous marriage law in SEMA number 3 of 2018 and the juridical implications for justice, expediency, and legal certainty. This research includes normative legal research with statutory and conceptual approaches. Gustav Radbruch's theory of legal purpose is used as his analysis knife. The study concluded that closing the door of Isbat for Polygamous marriage is not the right solution because marriage isbat is one way to obtain legal guarantees in the eyes of the state. The aggrieved subject of the SEMA was a polygamous wife who could not take legal action in seeking justice. Judging from Gustav Radbruch's theory, SEMA number 3 of 2018 has not met the elements of legal objectives. The provisions in SEMA number 3 of 2018 only accommodate the interests of children. The rights of polygamous wives should be prioritized because the benefits received are more significant than tightly closing the door of isbat for Polygamous marriage. It is necessary to review SEMA number 3 of 2018 to contain concrete values of justice, expediency and legal certainty for children and wives

    Pelibatan Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi dalam Pengawasan Hakim Mahkamah Agung dalam Lingkungan Peradilan Perspektif Fath Dhari’ah

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    The question is still often asked whether the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), in carrying out its function as the vanguard of corruption eradication (TIPIKOR), also supervises judges within the Supreme Court (MA) judiciary. Even though from a juridical perspective, the KPK's authority is not included in the supervision of individual Supreme Court judges who have become the authority of the Judicial Commission (KY), the KPK continues to supervise issues of corruption, gratuities, buying and selling of cases and other forms of TIPIKOR within the Supreme Court justice environment, and not judges as the object. This research envisages what if the KPK is involved in supervising Supreme Court judges by using the thinking method of Fath Dhari'ah, which considers the good and bad consequences of establishing law. This study uses a normative method with descriptive analysis techniques. The result of this study is that the involvement of the KPK in supervising Supreme Court judges in the Supreme Court justice environment contains more mafsada than the desired maslahah.

    Pasal Penghinaan Presiden dalam Bingkai Negara Demokrasi

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    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memaparkan tentang konsep negara demokrasi, problematika pasal penghinaan Presiden dan pasal penghinaan Presiden dalam bingkai negara demokrasi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian hukum normatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan perundang-undangan dan konseptual. Hasil penelitian ini menyebutkan bahwa pasal penghinaan presiden telah menjadi sumber perdebatan di banyak negara. Bagi pihak yang sepakat dengan adanya pasal ini beranggapan bahwa pasal ini dapat memastikan bahwa kepala negara atau penguasa negara dihormati dan tidak dihina oleh masyarakat; dapat membantu melindungi integritas dan reputasi negara serta pemerintah; serta dapat mendorong masyarakat untuk mengekspresikan pendapat dengan cara yang lebih sopan dan bertanggung jawab. Pihak yang tidak menyetujui adanya pasal penghinaan presiden beranggapan bahwa pasal ini dapat digunakan untuk membungkam kebebasan bersuara dan berekspresi masyarakat; dapat dipolitisasi dan digunakan sebagai alat untuk menekan lawan politik; serta kurang sesuai dengan prinsip-prinsip demokrasi dan kebebasan berekspresi yang melindungi hak masyarakat untuk menyatakan pendapat secara bebas. Sebagai negara demokrasi, Indonesia perlu memastikan bahwa penerapan Pasal Penghinaan Presiden tidak melanggar hak asasi manusia dan kebebasan berbicara, serta tetap menjunjung tinggi prinsip keadilan dan transparansi dalam hukum. Oleh karena itu, perlu adanya pengawasan dan kontrol yang ketat dalam penerapan Pasal Penghinaan Presiden untuk memastikan bahwa tidak ada penyalahgunaan dan penyalahartian pasal tersebut

    Meminang Pinangan Orang Lain Menurut Kompilasi Hukum Islam dan Ulama Fiqih

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    Before carrying out a marriage there are stages in the form of a proposal or it can be called a khitbah. Propose comes from the word Pinang with the verb propose. The equivalent of the word propose is applying and in Arabic is khitbah. Proposal in language is asking a woman to be his wife, both for himself and for others. Khitbah is a statement of the man's desire for a certain woman to marry him and the woman announces this engagement. Proposal is one of the important stages before a marriage is carried out, through a proposal it is hoped that both parties can get to know each other better. Therefore in this article the author will discuss further about the proposal, which aims to provide detailed insight to the reader through the research results of this articl

    THE ROLE OF INDONESIAN NATIONAL POLICE IN PREVENTING THE SPREAD OF COVID-19 FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF FIQH SIYASAH

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    Abstract: The article discusses the role of the Indonesian police in preventing the spread of the covid-19 virus from a fiqh siyasah perspective with a statutory approach. Research data were obtained from primary legal materials, namely laws, and regulations related to the Indonesian National Police. Secondary legal materials were collected from books, articles, and news and analyzed descriptively with a deductive mindset. Data on the role of the police during the Covid-19 pandemic based on Law No. 2 of 2002 concerning the National Police of the Republic of Indonesia was analyzed with a review of fiqh siyasah.  This research concludes that the Indonesian National Police agency acts as an instrument of law enforcement and supports the success of the Indonesian government in dealing with covid-19.  Among the duties of the Indonesian National Police during the Covid-19 pandemic are enforcing the law, educating the public, detecting the spread of the covid-19 virus early, and maintaining security.  The police force adheres to the role of al-hisbah in fiqh siyasah, aiming to invite people to act appropriately and prevent people from committing crimes

    Kualitas Kesaksian Testimonium De Auditu pada Putusan Mahkamah Syar’iyyah Aceh Terhadap Tindak Pidana Perkosaan Anak

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    Meningkatnya jarimah pemerkosaan terhadap anak tidak diimbangi dengan penegakan hukum yang berpihak pada korban. Banyak putusan mahkamah syar’iyyah aceh yang justru membebaskan pelaku karena minimya alat bukti. kesaksian saksi testimonium de auditu ditolak untuk dipertimbangkan karena saksi dianggap tidak melihat, mendengar dan mengalami langsung peristiwa pidana yang disaksikannya penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dasar perimbangan hakim dalam menilai kualitas kesaksian saksi testimonium de aiditu dalam Putusan No. 7/JN/2021/MS.Aceh dan menganalisisnya berdasarkan perspektif hukum positi dan fikih jinayah. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Hakim dalam memutus jarimah pemerkosaan terhadap anak di bawah umur pada Putusan Nomor 7/JN/2021/MS.Aceh menilai bahwa kualitas kesaksisan saksi testimonium de auditu tidak dapat diterima sehingga tidak terdapat minimum dua alat bukti yang sah yang dapat membuktikan bahwa Terdakwa telah melakukan pemerkosaan terhadap anak di bawah umur. Kualitas kesaksian saksi testimonium de auditu ditinjau dari hukum positif meskipun bukan atas apa yang dilihat, di dengar dan dialami sendiri tetap dapat dijadikan alat bukti petunjuk. Sedangkan ditinjau dari fiqih jinayah kesaksian testimonium de auditu tidak boleh dikesampingkan atau ditolak sepenuhnya oleh hakim karena Hakim harus mendengarkan keterangan semua pihak demi terciptanya keadilan

    State Policies and Islamic Law Regarding Juvenile Punishment for Theft

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    The development of an increasingly sophisticated era certainly has an impact on children, both positive and negative impacts. Due to the absence of maximum direction and assistance to children, children can at any time do disgraceful acts. When children are involved in the crime of theft, they will be faced with the law and processed. Therefore, there is a need for special guidance and assistance from parents and parties whose status and roles have been recognized as external companions for these children. In this research, the writer uses descriptive qualitative research method with normative juridical research type. The analysis was conducted to determine the form of state and Islamic protection against children who are perpetrators of the crime of theft. The results of the study state that the judge can give a decision on the case of a child crime case of theft. However, legal protection is needed for children who do not commit the crime of theft, considering that they are still underage and still need to be given more maximum attention and guidance. The state protects children because their future is also the future of the state. Every level of society in Indonesia is obligated to provide moral support and guarantee that children in dispute with the law are not excluded from the social environment and society, and that they continue to obtain an appropriate education so that their futures are secure. So that youngsters affected by this law do not feel alienated, continued enjoyment of the nation's youth is possible

    The Early Marriage in Kaliboto Kidul on Maqasid Sharia Perspective

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    The practice of early marriage breeds many problems. This case also quite a lot happened in Kaliboto Kidul, Lumajang. This study traces why the phenomenon occurs. The article also looks at the practice with the perspective of maqashid sharia. Therefore, the important debate is whether the practice of early marriage is entirely problematic or on the other hand has benefits. This paper is packed with an interdisciplinary approach; normative, sociological, and philosophical. This article found that the main reason for the practice of early marriage is because of pregnancy out of wedlock, among other reasons. For this reason, in the perspective of Maqasid Shari'ah, the practice of early marriage can be the best choice to protect women and children (hifz an-nafs and an-nasl), although it still gives birth to new effects, namely during childbirth. However, the danger is still assessed at a lower level of dharuri than allowing the child to be trapped in adultery. Therefore, this article confirms that in the normative, sociological, and philosophical context the practice of early marriage does not fully present harm, but it becomes an option to protect other potential harms

    Praktik Sewa Perlengkapan Pernikahan di Wedding Organizer "Mutiara Cinta" Surabaya Perspektif Ijarah

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    Abstract: This research aims to answer problems regarding the practice of renting wedding equipment at Mutiara Cinta Wedding Organizer Benowo Krajan Surabaya, as well as Ijarah analysis of this practice. This research is classified as field research conducted in Benowo Krajan Village, Surabaya. Research data was collected using interview, observation and documentation techniques. The research results concluded that the rental practice carried out by Mutiara Cinta Wedding Organizer can be done online or offline by determining the type of wedding equipment you want to rent and accompanied by a rental price agreed upon by both parties. In practice, obstacles in the field must be addressed, such as incomplete rental objects, inappropriate or defective decorations size and shape, and delayed payment deadlines. Second, renting wedding equipment at Mutiara Cinta Wedding Organizer has fulfilled the pillars and requirements of the ijarah contract, so the rental practice carried out is legal and follows Islamic law. Even though there are several obstacles in the rental course, both parties have mutually agreed and are willing to change and postpone the payment of wages according to the agreement. Thus, renting wedding equipment at Mutiara Cinta Wedding Organizer Benowo Krajan Surabaya is by and in line with Islamic law. Keywords: Rental Practice, ijarah, Wedding Organizer Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjawab permasalahan mengenai praktik sewa-menyewa perlengkapan pernikahan di Mutiara Cinta Wedding Organizer Benowo Krajan Surabaya serta analisis Ijarah tentang praktik tersebut. Penelitian ini tergolong pada jenis penelitian lapangan yang dilakukan di Desa Benowo Krajan, Surabaya. Data penelitian dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan teknik wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa pertama, praktik sewa-menyewa yang dilakukan Mutiara Cinta Wedding Organizer dapat dilakukan baik secara online atau offline dengan menentukan jenis perlengkapan pernikahan yang ingin disewa dan disertai dengan harga sewa yang disepakati kedua belah pihak. Dalam praktiknya, kendala dilapangan tidak dapat terlewatkan, seperti objek sewa yang kurang lengkap, ukuran dan wujud dekorasi yang tidak sesuai atau cacat dan batas waktu pembayaran yang ditunda-tunda. Kedua, praktik sewa-menyewa perlengkapan pernikahan di Mutiara Cinta Wedding Organizer telah memenuhi rukun dan syarat dari akad ijarah, sehingga praktik sewa-menyewa yang dilakukan sudah sah dan sesuai dengan hukum Islam. Meskipun terdapat beberapa kendala dalam praktik sewa yang dilakukan, namun kedua belah pihak telah sama-sama sepakat dan rela untuk mengganti dan menunda waktu pembayaran upah sesuai dengan   kesepakatan.  Sehingga, praktik sewa-menyewa perlengkapan pernikahan di Mutiara Cinta Wedding Organizer Benowo Krajan Surabaya sesuai dan sejalan dengan hukum Islam. Kata Kunci: Praktik Sewa, Ijarah, Wedding Organize

    For the Sake of Protecting Physcal Needs: Maqasid Sharia Perspective Toward Judges Consideration on Child Custody

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    In Islamic law, for a child who has not been mumayyiz, their custody falls in the hands of the mother. If the child has been mumayyiz, then the child is given the right to choose and determine who has the right to care for him. However, the judge of Panyabungan Religious Court decides the custody of a child who has not been mumayyiz to the father. This study aims to analyze the judge’s considerations in determining the custody of a child who has not been mumayyiz to the father. Using a normative and philosophical approach by using Maqasid Sharia theory, this study employs a qualitative methodology to examine the judge’s consideration. As for the results of this study, firstly, in consideration of the judge stipulating the custody of the child who has not been mumayyiz to the father is to maintain the child’s physical growth. Second, the author believes that a judge who determines to whom child custody is granted should prioritize the existence of religion over the existence of the soul. It means that child custody is given priority to one of the parents with better religion, behavior, and association than prioritizing the child's physical needs

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