2,659 research outputs found

    Low-energy effective action in two-dimensional SQED: A two-loop analysis

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    We study two-loop quantum corrections to the low-energy effective actions in N=(2,2) and N=(4,4) SQED in the Coulomb branch. In the latter model, the low-energy effective action is described by a generalized Kahler potential which depends on both chiral and twisted chiral superfields. We demonstrate that this generalized Kahler potential is one-loop exact and corresponds to the N=(4,4) sigma-model with torsion presented by Rocek, Schoutens and Sevrin. In the N=(2,2) SQED, the effective Kahler potential is not protected against higher-loop quantum corrections. The two-loop quantum corrections to this potential and the corresponding sigma-model metric are explicitly found.Comment: 40 pages; v2: references added, typos correcte

    On Low-Energy Effective Action of Noncommutative Hypermultiplet Model

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    We consider the noncommutative hypermultiplet model within harmonic superspace approach. The 1-loop four-point contributions to the effective action of selfinteracting q-hypermultiplet are computed. This model has two coupling constants instead of a single one in commutative case. It is shown that both these coupling constants are generated by 1-loop quantum corrections in the model of q-hypermultiplet interacting with vector multiplet. The holomorphic effective action of q-hypermultiplet in external gauge superfield is calculated. For the fundamental representation there is no UV/IR-mixing and the holomorphic potential is a star-product generalization of a standard commutative one. For the adjoint representation of U(N) gauge group the leading contributions to the holomorphic effective action are given by the terms respecting for the UV/IR-mixing which are related to U(1) phase of U(N) group.Comment: 13 pages, 4 figures. v2: minor changes, refs adde

    Superfield theories on S3S^3 and their localization

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    We consider the superfield formulation of supersymmetric gauge and matter field theories on a three-dimensional sphere with rigid N=2{\cal N}=2 supersymmetry, as well as with N>2{\cal N}> 2. The construction is based on a supercoset SU(2‚ą£1)/U(1)SU(2|1)/U(1) containing S3S^3 as the bosonic subspace. We derive an explicit form of SU(2‚ą£1)/U(1)SU(2|1)/U(1) supervielbein and covariant derivatives, and use them to construct classical superfield actions for gauge and matter supermultiplets in this superbackground. We then apply superfield methods for computing one-loop partition functions of these theories and demonstrate how the localization technique works directly in the superspace.Comment: 1+64 pages; v2: Section 4.2 and a reference are adde

    Two-loop low-energy effective action in Abelian supersymmetric Chern-Simons matter models

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    We compute two-loop low-energy effective actions in Abelian Chern-Simons matter models with N=2 and N=3 supersymmetry up to four-derivative order. Calculations are performed with a slowly-varying gauge superfield background. Though the gauge superfield propagator depends on the gauge fixing parameter, it is shown that the obtained results are independent of this parameter. In the massless case the considered models are superconformal. We demonstrate that the superconformal symmetry strongly restricts the form of two-loop quantum corrections to the effective actions such that the obtained terms have simpler structure than the analogous ones in the effective action of three-dimensional supersymmetric electrodynamics (SQED) with vanishing topological mass.Comment: 1+30 pages; v2: references added, misprints corrected; v3: minor changes, published versio

    On Holomorphic Effective Actions of Hypermultiplets Coupled to External Gauge Superfields

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    We study the structure of holomorphic effective action for hypermultiplet models interacting with background super Yang-Mills fields. A general form of holomorphic effective action is found for hypermultiplet belonging to arbitrary representation of any semisimple compact Lie group spontaneously broken to its maximal abelian subgroup. The applications of obtained results to hypermultiplets in fundamental and adjoint representations of the SU(n), SO(n), Sp(n) groups are considered.Comment: 8 pages, no figure
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